Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This work was supported by a Veterans Affairs Clinical Science Research and Development (CSR&D) Career Development Award—2, and California HIV/AIDS Research Program IDEA Award (163836), granted to Dr. Bonn-Miller. The expressed views do not necessarily represent those of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
We prospectively investigated associations between mindfulness and changes in the use of expressive suppression and cognitive reappraisal occurring during a residential treatment program for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The sample consisted of 50 male veterans who were assessed with the Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills at treatment intake, and the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) and PTSD Checklist—Military Version at treatment intake and discharge. Hierarchical multiple regressions indicated that greater nonjudgmental acceptance at intake predicted greater reductions in expressive suppression (p < .05) and less improvement in cognitive reappraisal (p < .05) between treatment intake and discharge. Additionally, greater ability to observe thoughts, emotions, and sensations at intake was associated with less improvement in cognitive reappraisal between treatment intake and discharge (p < .05). Findings remained significant after statistically adjusting for treatment-related changes in PTSD symptoms.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Alvarez, J., McLean, C., Harris, A. H. S., Rosen, C. S., Ruzek, J. I., & Kimerling, R. (2011). The comparative effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy for male veterans treated in a VHA posttraumatic stress disorder residential rehabilitation program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 79, 590–599. PubMedCrossRef
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Revised) (4th ed.). Washington: American Psychiatric Association.
Baer, R. A. (2003). Mindfulness training as a clinical intervention: a conceptual and empirical review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 125–143. CrossRef
Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z. V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: a proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11, 230–241. CrossRef
Boden, M. T., Westermann, S., McRae, K., Kuo, J., Alvarez, J., Kulkarni, M. R., Gross, J. J., & Bonn-Miller, M. O. (2012). Emotion regulation and posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective investigation. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Feeny, N. C., & Foa, E. B. (2005). Cognitive vulnerability to PTSD. In L. B. Alloy & J. H. Riskind (Eds.), Cognitive vulnerability to emotional disorders (pp. 285–301). Mahweh: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
Flaxman, P. E., Blackledge, J. T., & Bond, F. W. (2011). Acceptance and commitment therapy: the CBT distinctive features series. Hove: Routledge.
Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 36, 41–54. CrossRef
Hamblen, J. L., Schnurr, P. P., Rosenberg, A., & Eftekhari, A. (2009). A guide to the literature on psychotherapy for PTSD. Psychiatric Annals, 39, 348–354. CrossRef
Hayes, S. C., & Wilson, K. G. (1994). Acceptance and commitment therapy: altering the verbal support for experiential avoidance. Behavior Analyst, 17(2), 289–303. PubMed
Kabat-Zinn, J. (2003). Mindfulness-based interventions in context: past, present, and future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10, 144–156. CrossRef
Kumar, S., Feldman, G., & Hayes, A. (2008). Changes in mindfulness and emotion regulation in an exposure-based cognitive therapy for depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32, 734–744. CrossRef
Lykins, E. L. B., & Baer, R. A. (2009). Psychological functioning in a sample of long-term practitioners of mindfulness meditation. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy: An International Quarterly, 23, 226–241. CrossRef
Polusny, M. A., & Follette, V. M. (1995). Long-term correlates of child sexual abuse: theory and review of the empirical literature. Applied and Preventative Psychology, 4, 143–166. CrossRef
Resick, P. A., Monson, C. M., & Chard, K. M. (2007). Cognitive processing therapy: veteran/military version. Washington: Department of Veterans Affairs.
Roemer, L., & Orsillo, S. M. (2002). Expanding our conceptualization of and treatment for generalized anxiety disorder: integrating mindfulness/acceptance-based approaches with existing cognitive-behavioral models. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 54–68. CrossRef
Shipherd, J. C., & Salters-Pedneault, K. (2008). Attention, memory, intrusive thoughts, and acceptance in PTSD: an update on the empirical literature for clinicians. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 15, 349–363. CrossRef
Weathers, F.W., Litz, B.T., Herman, D.S., Huska, J.A. Keane, T.M. (1993). The PTSD checklist: reliability, validity, and diagnostic utility. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, San Antonio, TX.
Zayfert, C., & Becker, C. B. (2008). Cognitive behavioural therapy for PTSD: a case formulation approach. New York: Guilford Press.
- A Prospective Investigation of Mindfulness Skills and Changes in Emotion Regulation Among Military Veterans in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment
Cecily A. S. Reber
Matthew Tyler Boden
James J. Gross
Marcel O. Bonn-Miller
- Springer US