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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 5/2007

01-10-2007

A Dynamic Systems Analysis of Parent–child Changes Associated with Successful “Real-world” Interventions for Aggressive Children

Auteurs: Isabela Granic, Arland O’Hara, Debra Pepler, Marc D. Lewis

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 5/2007

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Abstract

Studies have shown that improved parenting mediates treatment outcomes for aggressive children, but we lack fine-grained descriptions of how parent–child interactions change with treatment. The current study addresses this gap by applying new dynamic systems methods to study parent–child emotional behavior patterns. These methods tap moment-to-moment changes in interaction processes within and across sessions and quantify previously unmeasured processes of change related to treatment success. Aggressive children and their parents were recruited from combined Parent Management Training and Cognitive-behavioral programs in “real world” clinical settings. Behavioral outcomes were assessed by reports from parents and clinicians. At pre- and post-treatment, home visits were videotaped while parents and children discussed consecutively: a positive topic, a mutually unresolved problem, and another positive topic. Results showed that significant improvements in children’s externalizing behavior were associated with increases in parent–child emotional flexibility during the problem-solving discussion. Also, dyads who improved still expressed negative emotions, but they acquired the skills to repair conflicts, shifting out of their negative interactions to mutually positive patterns.
Voetnoten
1
To increase incentives to participate in the research, we had initially wanted to pay families more for their participation. However, because this study was conducted in the community, the IRB limited payment considerably in order to minimize the potential coerciveness that a large sum of money would represent to poorer families.
 
2
Note that the labeling of cells follows the x/y convention such that the first term represents the child’s code and the second term represents the parent’s code.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
A Dynamic Systems Analysis of Parent–child Changes Associated with Successful “Real-world” Interventions for Aggressive Children
Auteurs
Isabela Granic
Arland O’Hara
Debra Pepler
Marc D. Lewis
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2007
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 5/2007
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9133-4