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15-02-2021 | Original Paper

“You Must Become a Chameleon to Survive”: Adolescent Experiences of Camouflaging

Auteurs: Courtney J. Bernardin, Erica Mason, Timothy Lewis, Stephen Kanne

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Camouflaging includes strategies used by individuals to mask or hide autistic traits. Research has shown that both autistic and neurotypical individuals engage in camouflaging and that there may be sex differences in the reasons for camouflaging in autistic adults. The purpose of this qualitative study was to extend previous research on the lived experience of camouflaging through exploring camouflaging motivations and consequences in autistic and neurotypical adolescents through both questionnaires (n = 132) and semi-structured interviews (n = 19). Results revealed trends in camouflaging motivations and consequences by diagnosis and sex, as well as by sex within the autistic group. These findings further inform our understanding of camouflaging and why it may be reported as particularly detrimental for autistic females.
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Voetnoten
1
The term sex is used throughout this paper to mean biological sex. The authors acknowledge the constraint of attending to only sex and not gender and address this in the Limitations section of this paper.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
“You Must Become a Chameleon to Survive”: Adolescent Experiences of Camouflaging
Auteurs
Courtney J. Bernardin
Erica Mason
Timothy Lewis
Stephen Kanne
Publicatiedatum
15-02-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-04912-1

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