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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2013

01-05-2013

Xenophobia and Tolerance Toward Immigrants in Adolescence: Cross-Influence Processes Within Friendships

Auteurs: Maarten Herman Walter van Zalk, Magraret Kerr, Nejra van Zalk, Håkan Stattin

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 4/2013

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Abstract

To what extent do adolescents and their friends socialize each others’ attitudes toward immigrants? Can friends’ positive attitudes toward immigrants counter adolescents’ negative attitudes toward immigrants, and do friends’ negative attitudes decrease adolescents’ positive attitudes? These questions were examined by following a large (N = 1,472) friendship network of adolescents (49.2 % girls; M age = 13.31 at first measurement) across three annual measurements. Selection and influence processes regarding tolerance and xenophobia were distinguished with longitudinal social network analyses, controlling for effects of age, gender, and immigrant background. Findings showed that friends’ tolerance predicted increases in adolescents’ tolerance and friends’ xenophobia predicted increases in adolescents’ xenophobia. Moreover, friends’ tolerance predicted a lower likelihood of adolescents’ xenophobia increasing. The current results suggest that interventions should distinguish between tolerance and xenophobia, as these appear to represent two separate dimensions that are each influenced in specific ways by friends’ tolerance and xenophobia.

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Metagegevens
Titel
Xenophobia and Tolerance Toward Immigrants in Adolescence: Cross-Influence Processes Within Friendships
Auteurs
Maarten Herman Walter van Zalk
Magraret Kerr
Nejra van Zalk
Håkan Stattin
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2013
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 4/2013
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-012-9694-8