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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 6/2022

12-08-2022 | Brief Report

Worrying But Not Acting: The Role of Intolerance of Uncertainty in Explaining the Discrepancy in COVID-19-Related Responses

Auteurs: Hayley E. Fitzgerald, E. Marie Parsons, Teresa Indriolo, Nadine R. Taghian, Alexandra K. Gold, Danielle L. Hoyt, Megan A. Milligan, Michael J. Zvolensky, Michael W. Otto

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 6/2022

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Abstract

Research indicates that Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is associated with COVID-19 emotional responses, but not necessarily with engaging in COVID-19 preventative behaviors. The current study was designed to further evaluate this discrepancy. Participants (N = 454) completed self-report forms about COVID-19 emotional responses (i.e., fear, worry, sensitivity to symptoms) and COVID-19 behavioral interference/responses (i.e., interference in daily activities, interference due to worry, and engagement in preventative behaviors). IU was positively associated with COVID-19-related emotional responses as well as two of the COVID-19-related behavioral interference/responses (i.e., interference in daily activities and interference due to worry), but negatively predicted engagement in COVID-19 preventative behaviors. Exploratory analyses revealed a significant indirect effect of IU on lower engagement in preventative behaviors through lower belief in the effectiveness of such behaviors. Thus, we further document the role of IU in statistically predicting higher distress but lower levels of adaptive health behaviors. Furthermore, we provide preliminary support for the hypothesis that these relationships may be explained by associations between IU and lower belief in the efficacy of health behaviors. Because some current analyses indicate small effect sizes, future studies should investigate IU alongside other potentially important markers.
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1
Notably, results for data including these imputed values and results obtained when individuals with missing data were excluded resulted in similar patterns of significance.
 
2
Of the 454 participants included in study analyses, final sample sizes for each individual measure varied between 396 and 454 due to missing values or exclusions due to patterned and/or careless responses for each measure.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Worrying But Not Acting: The Role of Intolerance of Uncertainty in Explaining the Discrepancy in COVID-19-Related Responses
Auteurs
Hayley E. Fitzgerald
E. Marie Parsons
Teresa Indriolo
Nadine R. Taghian
Alexandra K. Gold
Danielle L. Hoyt
Megan A. Milligan
Michael J. Zvolensky
Michael W. Otto
Publicatiedatum
12-08-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 6/2022
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-022-10321-0

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