Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

18-08-2020 | Original Paper

Workplace Social Challenges Experienced by Employees on the Autism Spectrum: An International Exploratory Study Examining Employee and Supervisor Perspectives

Auteurs: Simon M. Bury, Rebecca L. Flower, Rosslynn Zulla, David B. Nicholas, Darren Hedley

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Social challenges represent a significantly under-researched area when it comes to the poor employment outcomes in autism. In this exploratory study employees on the autism spectrum (N = 29) and supervisors (N = 15), representing seven continents, provided 128 written examples of workplace-based social challenges, their interpretation, consequences and resolution. Content analysis revealed that types of social challenges were individually oriented or associated with the work-environment. Social challenges were frequently attributed to internal or personal factors with direct consequences for the employee. Resolutions were more frequently targeted toward the individual than the workplace, and hindered employees’ experience of work. This international study represents a first look at the types of social challenges that impact equitable work participation of autistic people.
Voetnoten
1
Recent research (Bury et al. 2020) suggests that there is no consensus on autism label, and that person on the autism spectrum is least likely to offend, therefore safest if audience preference is unknown.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). Washington: American Psychiatric Pub.CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). Washington: American Psychiatric Pub.CrossRef
go back to reference Austin, R. D., & Pisano, G. P. (2017). Neurodiversity as a competitive advantage. Harvard Business Review, 95, 1–9. Austin, R. D., & Pisano, G. P. (2017). Neurodiversity as a competitive advantage. Harvard Business Review, 95, 1–9.
go back to reference Benford, P., & Standen, P. J. (2009). The Internet: A comfortable communication medium for autistic people? I: Journal of Assistive Technologies, 3, 44–53. Benford, P., & Standen, P. J. (2009). The Internet: A comfortable communication medium for autistic people? I: Journal of Assistive Technologies, 3, 44–53.
go back to reference Carpenter, A. (1992). Autistic adulthood: A challenging journey. In E. Shopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), High-functioning individuals with autism (pp. 289–294). New York: Springer.CrossRef Carpenter, A. (1992). Autistic adulthood: A challenging journey. In E. Shopler & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), High-functioning individuals with autism (pp. 289–294). New York: Springer.CrossRef
go back to reference Hedley, D., Uljarević, M., & Hedley, D. F. E. (2017b). Employment and living with Autism: Personal, social and economic impact. In S. Halder & L. C. Assaf (Eds.), Inclusion, Disability and culture: An ethnographic perspective traversing abilities and challenges. New York: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55224-8_19 Hedley, D., Uljarević, M., & Hedley, D. F. E. (2017b). Employment and living with Autism: Personal, social and economic impact. In S. Halder & L. C. Assaf (Eds.), Inclusion, Disability and culture: An ethnographic perspective traversing abilities and challenges. New York: Springer. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​978-3-319-55224-8_​19
go back to reference Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York: Wiley.CrossRef Heider, F. (1958). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New York: Wiley.CrossRef
go back to reference Hosking, D. L. (2008). Critical disability theory. Paper presented at the 4th Biennial Disability Studies Conference at Lancaster University, UK. Hosking, D. L. (2008). Critical disability theory. Paper presented at the 4th Biennial Disability Studies Conference at Lancaster University, UK.
go back to reference Kirchner, J. C., & Dziobek, I. (2014). Towards successful employment of adults with autism: A first analysis of special interests and factors deemed important for vocational performance. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, 2, 77–85. https://doi.org/10.21307/sjcapp-2014-011.CrossRef Kirchner, J. C., & Dziobek, I. (2014). Towards successful employment of adults with autism: A first analysis of special interests and factors deemed important for vocational performance. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, 2, 77–85. https://​doi.​org/​10.​21307/​sjcapp-2014-011.CrossRef
go back to reference Kopelson, K. (2015). "Know thy work and do it": The rhetorical-pedagogical work of employment and workplace guides for adults with "high-functioning" autism. College English, 77, 553–576. Kopelson, K. (2015). "Know thy work and do it": The rhetorical-pedagogical work of employment and workplace guides for adults with "high-functioning" autism. College English, 77, 553–576.
go back to reference Müller, E., Schuler, A., Burton, B. A., & Yates, G. B. (2003). Meeting the vocational support needs of individuals with Asperger syndrome and other autism spectrum disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 18, 163–175. Müller, E., Schuler, A., Burton, B. A., & Yates, G. B. (2003). Meeting the vocational support needs of individuals with Asperger syndrome and other autism spectrum disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 18, 163–175.
go back to reference Pfeiffer, B., Braun, K., Kinnealey, M., Derstine Matczak, M., & Polatajko, H. (2017). Environmental factors impacting work satisfaction and performance for adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 47, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3233/Jvr-170878.CrossRef Pfeiffer, B., Braun, K., Kinnealey, M., Derstine Matczak, M., & Polatajko, H. (2017). Environmental factors impacting work satisfaction and performance for adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 47, 1–12. https://​doi.​org/​10.​3233/​Jvr-170878.CrossRef
go back to reference Qualtrics. (2017). Qualtrics (version 2.6). Provo, UT: Qualtrics. Qualtrics. (2017). Qualtrics (version 2.6). Provo, UT: Qualtrics.
go back to reference Wehman, P. H., Schall, C. M., McDonough, J., Kregel, J., Brooke, V., Molinelli, A., …, Collins, H. T. (2014). Competitive employment for youth with autism spectrum disorders: Early results from a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44, 487–500https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1892-x Wehman, P. H., Schall, C. M., McDonough, J., Kregel, J., Brooke, V., Molinelli, A., …, Collins, H. T. (2014). Competitive employment for youth with autism spectrum disorders: Early results from a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44, 487–500https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-013-1892-x
go back to reference Weiner, B. (1985). An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 92, 548–573.CrossRefPubMed Weiner, B. (1985). An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion. Psychological Review, 92, 548–573.CrossRefPubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Workplace Social Challenges Experienced by Employees on the Autism Spectrum: An International Exploratory Study Examining Employee and Supervisor Perspectives
Auteurs
Simon M. Bury
Rebecca L. Flower
Rosslynn Zulla
David B. Nicholas
Darren Hedley
Publicatiedatum
18-08-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04662-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 5/2021

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2021 Naar de uitgave