Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Working memory and attention are closely related constructs. Models of working memory often incorporate an attention component, and some even equate working memory and attentional control. Although some attention-related processes, including inhibitory control of response conflict and interference resolution, are strongly associated with working memory, for other aspects of attention the link is less clear. We examined the association between working-memory performance and attentional breadth, the ability to spread attention spatially. If the link between attention and working memory is broader than inhibitory and interference resolution processes, then working-memory performance might also be associated with other attentional abilities, including attentional breadth. We tested 123 participants on a variety of working-memory and attentional-breadth measures, finding a strong correlation between performances on these two types of tasks. This finding demonstrates that the link between working memory and attention extends beyond inhibitory processes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Clarkson-Smith, L., & Hartley, A. A. (1990). The game of bridge as an exercise in working memory and reasoning. Journal of Gerontology,45, 233–238. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Cowan, N. (2005). Working memory capacity. Hove: Psychology Press. CrossRef
Cowan, N., Elliott, E. M., Scott Saults, J., Morey, C. C., Mattox, S., Hismjatullina, A., & Conway, A. R. A. (2005). On the capacity of attention: its estimation and its role in working memory and cognitive aptitudes. Cognitive Psychology,51(1), 42–100. doi: 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2004.12.001. PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMed
Cumming, G. (2012). Understanding the new statistics. Effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta- analysis. New York: Routledge.
Hüttermann, S., Memmert, D., & Simons, D. J. (2014). The size and shape of the attentional “spotlight” varies with differences in sports expertise. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 20(2), 147–157. doi: 10.1037/xap0000012.
Kane, M. J., Poole, B. J., Tuholski, S. W., & Engle, R. W. (2006). Working memory capacity and the top-down control of visual search: exploring the boundaries of “executive attention”. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition,32(4), 749–777. doi: 10.1037/0278-73188.8.131.529. CrossRefPubMed
Miyake, A., & Shah, P. (1999). Models of working memory: Mechanisms of active maintenance and executive control. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Zacks, R. T., & Hasher, L. (1994). Directed ignoring: inhibitory regulation of working memory. In D. Dagenbach & T. H. Carr (Eds.), Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language (pp. 241–264). New York: Academic Press.
- Working-memory performance is related to spatial breadth of attention
Daniel J. Simons
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg