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Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology 6/2011

01-08-2011

Working Memory Deficits and Social Problems in Children with ADHD

Auteurs: Michael J. Kofler, Mark D. Rapport, Jennifer Bolden, Dustin E. Sarver, Joseph S. Raiker, R. Matt Alderson

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 6/2011

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Abstract

Social problems are a prevalent feature of ADHD and reflect a major source of functional impairment for these children. The current study examined the impact of working memory deficits on parent- and teacher-reported social problems in a sample of children with ADHD and typically developing boys (N = 39). Bootstrapped, bias-corrected mediation analyses revealed that the impact of working memory deficits on social problems is primarily indirect. That is, impaired social interactions in children with ADHD reflect, to a significant extent, the behavioral outcome of being unable to maintain a focus of attention on information within working memory while simultaneously dividing attention among multiple, on-going events and social cues occurring within the environment. Central executive deficits impacted social problems through both inattentive and impulsive-hyperactive symptoms, whereas the subsidiary phonological and visuospatial storage/rehearsal systems demonstrated a more limited yet distinct relationship with children’s social problems.
Voetnoten
1
A third storage component—viz., the episodic buffer—has been proposed recently to explain the integration of information from multiple cognitive systems, but is currently considered a “conceptual tool” (Baddeley 2007 page 149) rather than a formal component of the model.
 
2
Precedence for using shared variance to statistically derive central executive and/or storage/rehearsal variables is found in Kane et al. (2004) and Swanson and Kim (2007).
 
3
Results of all analyses were unchanged with this child removed.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Working Memory Deficits and Social Problems in Children with ADHD
Auteurs
Michael J. Kofler
Mark D. Rapport
Jennifer Bolden
Dustin E. Sarver
Joseph S. Raiker
R. Matt Alderson
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 6/2011
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-011-9492-8