Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 6/2021

23-07-2021

Why some parents made firearms more accessible during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a national study

Auteurs: Rebeccah L. Sokol, Lea Marineau, Marc A. Zimmerman, Laney A. Rupp, Rebecca M. Cunningham, Patrick M. Carter

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 6/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess parents’ firearm storage behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic and characterize reasons why some parents made their firearms more accessible during this time. In June-July 2020, the study team conducted the FACTS National Survey—a cross-sectional, web-based, survey of 2,924 parents and their teens (ages14–18) regarding firearm-related practices. We weighted descriptive analyses to be nationally representative of parents of teens in the United States. We utilized qualitative thematic analysis to identify parents’ reasons for making firearms more accessible. Five percent of firearm-owning parents of teens reported making their firearms more accessible during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reasons why parents increased the ease of firearm access included: (1) Increased civil unrest and riots; (2) Threat of home invasion and/or crime victimization; (3) Fear of panic and the unknown; and (4) Easier access and greater protection, threat unspecified. Some parents—largely motivated by fear—chose to store firearms in a more accessible manner during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic to protect their family against possible external threats. Understanding the fear that motivates parents’ decisions regarding storage practices might aid interventions focused on harm reduction and safer storage.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Literatuur
go back to reference Armitage, R., & Nellums, L. B. (2020). Considering inequalities in the school closure response to COVID-19. The Lancet Global Health, 8, e644. CrossRef Armitage, R., & Nellums, L. B. (2020). Considering inequalities in the school closure response to COVID-19. The Lancet Global Health, 8, e644. CrossRef
go back to reference Azrael, D., Cohen, J., Salhi, C., & Miller, M. (2018). Firearm storage in gun-owning households with children: Results of a 2015 national survey. Journal of Urban Health, 95, 295–304. CrossRef Azrael, D., Cohen, J., Salhi, C., & Miller, M. (2018). Firearm storage in gun-owning households with children: Results of a 2015 national survey. Journal of Urban Health, 95, 295–304. CrossRef
go back to reference Bartsch, S. M., Ferguson, M. C., McKinnell, J. A., O’Shea, K. J., Wedlock, P. T., Siegmund, S. S., & Lee, B. Y. (2020). the potential health care costs and resource use associated with COVID-19 in the United States: A simulation estimate of the direct medical costs and health care resource use associated with COVID-19 infections in the United States. Health Affairs, 39, 927–935. CrossRef Bartsch, S. M., Ferguson, M. C., McKinnell, J. A., O’Shea, K. J., Wedlock, P. T., Siegmund, S. S., & Lee, B. Y. (2020). the potential health care costs and resource use associated with COVID-19 in the United States: A simulation estimate of the direct medical costs and health care resource use associated with COVID-19 infections in the United States. Health Affairs, 39, 927–935. CrossRef
go back to reference Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 38, 2753–2755. CrossRef Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 38, 2753–2755. CrossRef
go back to reference Bresler, J., & Beletsky, L. (2020). COVID-19, Incarceration, and the Criminal Legal System. 2020). Assessing Legal Responses to COVID-19. Boston: Public Health Law Watch. Bresler, J., & Beletsky, L. (2020). COVID-19, Incarceration, and the Criminal Legal System. 2020). Assessing Legal Responses to COVID-19. Boston: Public Health Law Watch.
go back to reference Coibion, O., Gorodnichenko, Y., & Weber, M. (2020). Labor markets during the covid-19 crisis: A preliminary view (No. 0898–2937). National Bureau of Economic Research. Coibion, O., Gorodnichenko, Y., & Weber, M. (2020). Labor markets during the covid-19 crisis: A preliminary view (No. 0898–2937). National Bureau of Economic Research.
go back to reference Conner, A., Azrael, D., & Miller, M. (2018). Public opinion about the relationship between firearm availability and suicide: Results from a national survey. Annals of Internal Medicine, 168, 153–155. CrossRef Conner, A., Azrael, D., & Miller, M. (2018). Public opinion about the relationship between firearm availability and suicide: Results from a national survey. Annals of Internal Medicine, 168, 153–155. CrossRef
go back to reference Cunningham, R. M., Walton, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2018). The major causes of death in children and adolescents in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 379, 2468–2475. CrossRef Cunningham, R. M., Walton, M. A., & Carter, P. M. (2018). The major causes of death in children and adolescents in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 379, 2468–2475. CrossRef
go back to reference Czeisler, M. É., Lane, R. I., Petrosky, E., Wiley, J. F., Christensen, A., Njai, R., Weaver, M. D., Robbins, R., Facer-Childs, E. R., & Barger, L. K. (2020). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69, 1049. CrossRef Czeisler, M. É., Lane, R. I., Petrosky, E., Wiley, J. F., Christensen, A., Njai, R., Weaver, M. D., Robbins, R., Facer-Childs, E. R., & Barger, L. K. (2020). Mental health, substance use, and suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic—United States, June 24–30, 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 69, 1049. CrossRef
go back to reference Dahlberg, L. L., Ikeda, R. M., & Kresnow, M. (2004). Guns in the home and risk of a violent death in the home: Findings from a national study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 160, 929–936. CrossRef Dahlberg, L. L., Ikeda, R. M., & Kresnow, M. (2004). Guns in the home and risk of a violent death in the home: Findings from a national study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 160, 929–936. CrossRef
go back to reference FACTS National Survey User Guide. (2020). Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens. FACTS National Survey User Guide. (2020). Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens.
go back to reference Galea, S., Merchant, R. M., & Lurie, N. (2020). The mental health consequences of COVID-19 and physical distancing: The need for prevention and early intervention. JAMA Internal Medicine, 180, 817–818. CrossRef Galea, S., Merchant, R. M., & Lurie, N. (2020). The mental health consequences of COVID-19 and physical distancing: The need for prevention and early intervention. JAMA Internal Medicine, 180, 817–818. CrossRef
go back to reference Gray, D. M., Anyane-Yeboa, A., Balzora, S., Issaka, R. B., & May, F. P. (2020). COVID-19 and the other pandemic: Populations made vulnerable by systemic inequity. Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 17, 520–522. CrossRef Gray, D. M., Anyane-Yeboa, A., Balzora, S., Issaka, R. B., & May, F. P. (2020). COVID-19 and the other pandemic: Populations made vulnerable by systemic inequity. Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 17, 520–522. CrossRef
go back to reference Grossman, D. C., Mueller, B. A., Riedy, C., Dowd, M. D., Villaveces, A., Prodzinski, J., Nakagawara, J., Howard, J., Thiersch, N., & Harruff, R. (2005). Gun storage practices and risk of youth suicide and unintentional firearm injuries. JAMA, 293, 707–714. CrossRef Grossman, D. C., Mueller, B. A., Riedy, C., Dowd, M. D., Villaveces, A., Prodzinski, J., Nakagawara, J., Howard, J., Thiersch, N., & Harruff, R. (2005). Gun storage practices and risk of youth suicide and unintentional firearm injuries. JAMA, 293, 707–714. CrossRef
go back to reference Hamilton, D., Lemeshow, S., Saleska, J. L., Brewer, B., & Strobino, K. (2018). Who owns guns and how do they keep them? The influence of household characteristics on firearms ownership and storage practices in the United States. Preventive Medicine, 116, 134–142. CrossRef Hamilton, D., Lemeshow, S., Saleska, J. L., Brewer, B., & Strobino, K. (2018). Who owns guns and how do they keep them? The influence of household characteristics on firearms ownership and storage practices in the United States. Preventive Medicine, 116, 134–142. CrossRef
go back to reference Holmes, E. A., Oconnor, R. C., Perry, V. H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C., Christensen, H., Silver, R. C., & Everall, I. (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: A Call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry, 76, 547–560. CrossRef Holmes, E. A., Oconnor, R. C., Perry, V. H., Tracey, I., Wessely, S., Arseneault, L., Ballard, C., Christensen, H., Silver, R. C., & Everall, I. (2020). Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: A Call for action for mental health science. The Lancet Psychiatry, 76, 547–560. CrossRef
go back to reference Kochanek, K., Murphy, S., Xu, J., & Arias, E. (2019). National vital statistics report: Deaths, final data for 2017 (Volume 68, Number 9). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Kochanek, K., Murphy, S., Xu, J., & Arias, E. (2019). National vital statistics report: Deaths, final data for 2017 (Volume 68, Number 9). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
go back to reference Lang, B. J., & Lang, M. (2020). Firearm Sales and the COVID-19 Pandemic. Available at SSRN 3593956. Lang, B. J., & Lang, M. (2020). Firearm Sales and the COVID-19 Pandemic. Available at SSRN 3593956.
go back to reference McCarthy, J. (2014). More than six in 10 Americans say guns make homes safer. Gallup. November, 7. McCarthy, J. (2014). More than six in 10 Americans say guns make homes safer. Gallup. November, 7.
go back to reference Miller, M., Azrael, D., & Hemenway, D. (2002). Firearm availability and unintentional firearm deaths, suicide, and homicide among 5–14 year olds. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 52, 267–275. CrossRef Miller, M., Azrael, D., & Hemenway, D. (2002). Firearm availability and unintentional firearm deaths, suicide, and homicide among 5–14 year olds. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 52, 267–275. CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, M., Azrael, D., Hemenway, D., & Vriniotis, M. (2005). Firearm storage practices and rates of unintentional firearm deaths in the United States. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 37, 661–667. CrossRef Miller, M., Azrael, D., Hemenway, D., & Vriniotis, M. (2005). Firearm storage practices and rates of unintentional firearm deaths in the United States. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 37, 661–667. CrossRef
go back to reference Monuteaux, M. C., Azrael, D., & Miller, M. (2019). Association of increased safe household firearm storage with firearm suicide and unintentional death among US youths. JAMA Pediatrics, 173, 657–662. CrossRef Monuteaux, M. C., Azrael, D., & Miller, M. (2019). Association of increased safe household firearm storage with firearm suicide and unintentional death among US youths. JAMA Pediatrics, 173, 657–662. CrossRef
go back to reference Pirtle, W. N. L. (2020). Racial capitalism: A fundamental cause of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic inequities in the United States. Health Education & Behavior. Pirtle, W. N. L. (2020). Racial capitalism: A fundamental cause of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic inequities in the United States. Health Education & Behavior.
go back to reference Richters, J., & Saltzman, W. (1990). Survey of exposure to community violence: Self report version. Rockville. Richters, J., & Saltzman, W. (1990). Survey of exposure to community violence: Self report version. Rockville.
go back to reference Schleimer, J. P., McCort, C. D., Pear, V. A., Shev, A., Tomsich, E., Asif-Sattar, R., Buggs, S., Laqueur, H. S., & Wintemute, G. J. (2020). Firearm purchasing and firearm violence in the first months of the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. MedRxiv. Schleimer, J. P., McCort, C. D., Pear, V. A., Shev, A., Tomsich, E., Asif-Sattar, R., Buggs, S., Laqueur, H. S., & Wintemute, G. J. (2020). Firearm purchasing and firearm violence in the first months of the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. MedRxiv.
go back to reference van Dorn, A., Cooney, R. E., & Sabin, M. L. (2020). COVID-19 exacerbating inequalities in the US. Lancet (London, England), 395, 1243. CrossRef van Dorn, A., Cooney, R. E., & Sabin, M. L. (2020). COVID-19 exacerbating inequalities in the US. Lancet (London, England), 395, 1243. CrossRef
go back to reference Weinberger, D. M., Chen, J., Cohen, T., Crawford, F. W., Mostashari, F., Olson, D., Pitzer, V. E., Reich, N. G., Russi, M., & Simonsen, L. (2020). Estimation of excess deaths associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, March to May 2020. JAMA Internal Medicine, 180, 1336–1344. CrossRef Weinberger, D. M., Chen, J., Cohen, T., Crawford, F. W., Mostashari, F., Olson, D., Pitzer, V. E., Reich, N. G., Russi, M., & Simonsen, L. (2020). Estimation of excess deaths associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, March to May 2020. JAMA Internal Medicine, 180, 1336–1344. CrossRef
go back to reference Wiktor, S. Z., Gallaher, M. M., Baron, R. C., Watson, M. E., & Sewell, C. M. (1994). Firearms in New Mexico. Western Journal of Medicine, 161, 137. PubMedCentral Wiktor, S. Z., Gallaher, M. M., Baron, R. C., Watson, M. E., & Sewell, C. M. (1994). Firearms in New Mexico. Western Journal of Medicine, 161, 137. PubMedCentral
Metagegevens
Titel
Why some parents made firearms more accessible during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a national study
Auteurs
Rebeccah L. Sokol
Lea Marineau
Marc A. Zimmerman
Laney A. Rupp
Rebecca M. Cunningham
Patrick M. Carter
Publicatiedatum
23-07-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-021-00243-9