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12-12-2015 | Uitgave 1/2016

Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 1/2016

Why are Religiousness and Spirituality Associated with Externalizing Psychopathology? A Literature Review

Tijdschrift:
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review > Uitgave 1/2016
Auteurs:
Christopher Holmes, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon

Abstract

This review explores the relation of religiousness and spirituality with externalizing psychopathology in adolescence given the heightened externalizing psychopathology during this developmental period. Utilizing a developmental psychopathology framework, previous literature is reviewed focusing on the diversity of pathways from religiousness and spirituality to externalizing psychopathology at multiple levels of analysis. Moreover, the pathways considered include both intraindividual factors (e.g., self-control, monitoring, delay discounting and time orientation, and neurobiological regulatory systems) and ecological factors (e.g., intergenerational transmission, parent–child relationships, and community relationships). These pathways are explored in light of theoretical viewpoints including social control theory, divine interaction theory, and the religious ecology model. Limitations of extant work are examined, including measurement and design issues, exploration of potential negative effects of religiousness and spirituality, and bias toward Western religions. Finally, future directions of research and clinical implications are discussed.

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