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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 12/2015

12-05-2015 | Empirical Research

Why and How to Promote Adolescents’ Prosocial Behaviors: Direct, Mediated and Moderated Effects of the CEPIDEA School-Based Program

Auteurs: Gian Vittorio Caprara, Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri, Antonio Zuffianò, Maria Gerbino, Concetta Pastorelli

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 12/2015

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Abstract

Prosocial behaviors are considered integral to intervention goals that seek to promote successful youth development. This study examines the effect of a school-based intervention program entirely designed to promote prosocial behaviors called Promoting Prosocial and Emotional Skills to Counteract Externalizing Problems in Adolescence (Italian acronym CEPIDEA). The CEPIDEA curriculum was incorporated into routine educational practices and included five major components that reflect the personal determinants of prosocial behavior during adolescence. The present study assessed 151 students (48.7 % female; M age  = 12.4) of the intervention school and 140 students (51.2 % female; M age  = 13.0) of the control school at three points. A multi-group latent curve analysis revealed that the intervention group, compared with the control group, showed an increase in prosocial behavior, interpersonal self-efficacy beliefs, and agreeableness along with a decrease in physical aggression above and beyond the normative developmental trend of the these variables. Participants of the intervention also obtained higher grades than the control group at the end of middle school. Moderation effects for prosocial behavior and agreeableness evidenced that those who benefited most from the intervention were those adolescents with lower normative development of prosocial behavior, low initial level of agreeableness, and high initial level of physical aggression. The results also showed that the increase of prosocial behaviors mediated the decline of verbal aggression in adolescents who had attended the intervention. These findings suggest that interventions aimed at promoting prosocial behaviors while having the potential to support positive outcomes may also counteract or redirect negative trajectories of functioning.
Voetnoten
1
In the present study, we used a broader measure of interpersonal self-efficacy that is not strictly limited to the empathic self-efficacy beliefs evaluated in Caprara et al. (2014).
 
2
The checklist was a two-page assessment tool in which the following was reported: (a) the level of achieving the different specific aims of the session; (b) the level of students’ involvement in the activities proposed; (c) strengths and criticisms observed in the implementation of the session; (d) specific responsibilities assumed by the members of the staff and the teacher; and (d) utility of timing and materials (see Luengo Kanacri et al. 2014a).
 
3
The original model-building process indicated by Muthén and Curran (1997) included five steps, in which the last one is the sensitivity analysis (i.e., the evaluation of comparability of the intervention and control groups). In our evaluation approach, we performed the sensitivity analysis in Step 3.
 
4
The one-unit increment of the first two factor loadings represented the 6-month interval between the pretest and the posttest, whereas the two-unit increment of the last factor loading represented the 12-month interval between the posttest and the follow-up.
 
5
In order to allow the nonlinear change model to be overidentified, we tested the plausibility of constraining the residual variances of the observed variables to be equal over time.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Why and How to Promote Adolescents’ Prosocial Behaviors: Direct, Mediated and Moderated Effects of the CEPIDEA School-Based Program
Auteurs
Gian Vittorio Caprara
Bernadette Paula Luengo Kanacri
Antonio Zuffianò
Maria Gerbino
Concetta Pastorelli
Publicatiedatum
12-05-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 12/2015
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0293-1