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06-01-2023 | Original Paper

Who Sticks with Meditation? Rates and Predictors of Persistence in a Population-based Sample in the USA

Auteurs: Sin U Lam, Kevin M. Riordan, Otto Simonsson, Richard J. Davidson, Simon B. Goldberg

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness

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Abstract 

Objectives

Despite the well-documented psychological benefits of meditation practice, limited research has examined factors associated with meditation practice persistence. Like other health behaviors (e.g., exercise), non-persistence may undermine the effectiveness of meditation.

Method

We examined rates and correlates of meditation persistence using a population-based sample (n = 953) in the USA. Persistence was operationalized in two ways: number of lifetime practice sessions (i.e., lifetime persistence) and current practice frequency (i.e., current persistence). Consistent with the National Health Interview Survey, we defined meditation as mindfulness meditation, mantra meditation, and spiritual meditation. We examined factors related to the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA), a theory that has been used to explain adherence to health behaviors.

Results

Almost half of the sample (49.3%) indicated lifetime exposure to meditation and a third (35.0%) indicated practice in the past year. Factors positively associated with persistence (lifetime and/or current) included having spoken with a meditation teacher, higher perceived effectiveness of meditation, higher meditation-positive subjective norms, lower perceived barriers, higher conscientiousness, higher well-being growth mindset, and retreat experience. Factors negatively associated with persistence included first exposure through various forms of technology and having a mental health motivation for practice. First exposure through a smartphone app and first exposure through friends and family were not associated with lifetime or current persistence. Findings were unchanged after controlling for demographics and applying a false discovery rate p-value adjustment.

Conclusions

These findings provide insights into factors that may promote persistence with meditation, which can guide the delivery of meditation training.

Preregistration

This study was preregistered at the Open Science Framework (https://​osf.​io/​4h86s).
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Metagegevens
Titel
Who Sticks with Meditation? Rates and Predictors of Persistence in a Population-based Sample in the USA
Auteurs
Sin U Lam
Kevin M. Riordan
Otto Simonsson
Richard J. Davidson
Simon B. Goldberg
Publicatiedatum
06-01-2023
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-02061-9