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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 4/2021

28-04-2021

Who Looks on the Bright Side? Expectations of Low-Income Parents with a Disruptive Young Child

Auteurs: Alexandra D. W. Sullivan, Kat L. Wright, Nicole Breslend, April Highlander, Rex Forehand, Deborah J. Jones

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 4/2021

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Abstract

Low-income parents are more likely to have a child with disruptive behaviors. Furthermore, these parents are likely to struggle with low expectations about the future, which can interfere with treatment response to even the most effective treatments. The purpose of this study was to explore correlates of low-income parents’ expectations, specifically hopelessness and optimism, in families with clinic-referred disruptive young children. Using baseline data from an intervention trial (Jones et al., 2021), we used a multi-informant approach to test whether parenting behaviors, child misbehavior, and parental daily stressors were related to parent hopelessness and optimism. Results based on the Everyday Stress Index indicated that only daily stressors, particularly those related to relationships and responsibilities, were related to parent feelings of hopelessness and optimism. Results were interpreted through transactional and ecological systems theories, particularly the Family Stress Model (Conger & Conger, 2002), as well as a low-income parent’s self-efficacy as a caregiver. Clinical implications are discussed.

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Voetnoten
1
Given our aim to better understand parent expectations as they relate to intervention for child disruptive behaviors, we excluded parents who were currently experiencing a depressive or psychotic episode, or who were actively engaging in substance use. The presence of depression, psychosis, or substance abuse in a parent may call for a differing treatment approach that prioritizes individual treatment for the parent (Forehand & Sullivan, 2017).
 
2
For this caregiver, observations identified atypically high levels of attends and rewards (>5 SDs above the mean) and atypically low numbers (i.e., zero) of questions and instructions during the parent-child interaction.
 
3
We excluded child and parent characteristics from Figure 1 as they were not primary constructs of interest.
 
4
Given the low factor loadings of two items on the Relationship/Responsibilities factor, we reran the model with the two lowest loading factors dropped (.29 & .30). Results were consistent with the model including the original items.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Who Looks on the Bright Side? Expectations of Low-Income Parents with a Disruptive Young Child
Auteurs
Alexandra D. W. Sullivan
Kat L. Wright
Nicole Breslend
April Highlander
Rex Forehand
Deborah J. Jones
Publicatiedatum
28-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 4/2021
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-021-09888-x