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01-03-2024 | Original Paper

Who benefits from autonomy-supportive parenting? Considering individual difference in adolescent emotional reactivity

Auteurs: Lan Chen, Gregory M. Fosco, Samantha L. Tornello

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 4/2024

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Abstract

Dramatic changes occur during adolescence, elevating vulnerability to mental health problems. This study investigated the differential effect of autonomy-supportive parenting on adolescent mental health outcomes and the moderating role of adolescent emotional reactivity. We hypothesized that autonomy-supportive parenting would be beneficial for adolescents’ mental health and that emotional reactivity would moderate this effect, such that low adolescent emotional reactivity plus high autonomy-supportive parenting would produce higher positive affect and flourishing and lower negative affect, depression, and anxiety. This study included 188 adolescents from two-caregiver families who completed surveys on autonomy-supportive parenting and emotional reactivity at baseline survey: positive affect, flourishing, negative affect, anxiety, and depression at baseline and 12-month follow-up assessments. Results indicated that higher levels of autonomy-supportive parenting were associated with increased flourishing and decreased negative affect and anxiety 12 months later. Interaction analysis revealed that for adolescents with low emotional reactivity, higher levels of autonomy-supportive parenting were associated with increases in positive affect and flourishing and decreases in negative affect and depression. For adolescents with high emotional reactivity, higher levels of autonomy-supportive parenting were associated with decreases in positive affect and flourishing. These findings underscore the importance of considering the role of adolescent emotional reactivity in understanding the effects of autonomy-supportive parenting on adolescent well-being, especially when personalizing parenting-focused interventions.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Who benefits from autonomy-supportive parenting? Considering individual difference in adolescent emotional reactivity
Auteurs
Lan Chen
Gregory M. Fosco
Samantha L. Tornello
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2024
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 4/2024
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-024-02807-0

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