Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 11/2018

11-08-2018 | Empirical Research

Who Becomes a Bullying Perpetrator After the Experience of Bullying Victimization? The Moderating Role of Self-esteem

Auteurs: Boungho Choi, Soowon Park

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 11/2018

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

It is well known that victims of bullying could become a bullying perpetrator later on. However, there are some cases where victims do not become bullies after being bullied. What constitutes the differences between the two groups, who show different response strategies despite the similar experiences of victimization, is the main question that the current study poses. Based on the threatened egotism theory, the current longitudinal study postulates that there could be possible moderating effects of self-esteem in the relationship between prior bullying victimization and subsequent bullying perpetration. The data was drawn from 3,660 Korean secondary students (51.5% male) in the Seoul Education Longitudinal Study for 2 waves (7th to 8th grades). The results from structural equation modeling indicated that there is a significant interaction effect between bullying victimization and self-esteem in the 7th grade, in prediction to bullying perpetration in the 8th grade, after controlling for the prior level of bullying victimization and perpetration experiences, demographic and background characteristics (i.e., gender and family income), students’ school-environmental factor (i.e., perceived seriousness of school bullying), individual factor (i.e., self-control) and family-environmental factor (i.e., parent–child relationship). Students with higher self-esteem were the most likely to engage in future bullying perpetration in response to bullying victimization, while the students with lower self-esteem were the least likely to engage in future bullying perpetration. Educators who examine adolescents’ social problems should pay closer attention to self-esteem, as well as their bullying and victimization experiences, in order to provide appropriate interventions.
Literatuur
go back to reference Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30(1), 47–88. CrossRef Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30(1), 47–88. CrossRef
go back to reference Armsden, G. C., McCauley, E., Greenberg, M. T., Burke, P. M., & Mitchell, J. R. (1990). Parent and peer attachment in early adolescent depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18, 683–697. CrossRef Armsden, G. C., McCauley, E., Greenberg, M. T., Burke, P. M., & Mitchell, J. R. (1990). Parent and peer attachment in early adolescent depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18, 683–697. CrossRef
go back to reference Arbuckle, J. L (1996). Full information estimation in the presence of incomplete data. In: In G. A. Marcoulides, R. E. Schumacker, (eds.) Advanced structural equationmodeling: Issues and techniques. (pp. 243–277). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Arbuckle, J. L (1996). Full information estimation in the presence of incomplete data. In: In G. A. Marcoulides, R. E. Schumacker, (eds.) Advanced structural equationmodeling: Issues and techniques. (pp. 243–277). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Averdijk, M., Van Genlder, J. L., Eisner, M., & Ribeaud, D. (2016). Violence begets violence … but how? A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender. Criminology, 54(2), 282–306. CrossRef Averdijk, M., Van Genlder, J. L., Eisner, M., & Ribeaud, D. (2016). Violence begets violence … but how? A decision-making perspective on the victim-offender. Criminology, 54(2), 282–306. CrossRef
go back to reference Bandalos, D. L., & Finney, S. J. (2001). Item parceling issues in structural equation modeling. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), New developments and techniques in structural equation modeling (pp. 269–296). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc. Bandalos, D. L., & Finney, S. J. (2001). Item parceling issues in structural equation modeling. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), New developments and techniques in structural equation modeling (pp. 269–296). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
go back to reference Barboza, G. E., Schiamberg, L. B., Oehmke, J., Korzeniewski, S. J., Post, L. A., & Heraux, C. G. (2009). Individual characteristics and the multiple contexts of adolescent bullying: an ecological perspective. Journal of Youth and adolescence, 38(1), 101–121. CrossRef Barboza, G. E., Schiamberg, L. B., Oehmke, J., Korzeniewski, S. J., Post, L. A., & Heraux, C. G. (2009). Individual characteristics and the multiple contexts of adolescent bullying: an ecological perspective. Journal of Youth and adolescence, 38(1), 101–121. CrossRef
go back to reference Barker, E. D., Arseneault, L., Brendgen, M., Fontaine, N., & Maughan, B. (2008). Joint development of bullying and victimization in adolescence: relations to delinquency and self-harm. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(9), 1030–1038. Barker, E. D., Arseneault, L., Brendgen, M., Fontaine, N., & Maughan, B. (2008). Joint development of bullying and victimization in adolescence: relations to delinquency and self-harm. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(9), 1030–1038.
go back to reference Baumeister, R. F., Smart, L., & Boden, J. M. (1996). Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem. Psychological Review, 103(1), 5–33. CrossRef Baumeister, R. F., Smart, L., & Boden, J. M. (1996). Relation of threatened egotism to violence and aggression: the dark side of high self-esteem. Psychological Review, 103(1), 5–33. CrossRef
go back to reference Boulton, M. J., Smith, P. K., & Cowie, H. (2010). Short-term longitudinal relationships between children’s peer victimization/bullying experiences and self-perceptions evidence for reciprocity. School Psychology International, 31(3), 296–311. CrossRef Boulton, M. J., Smith, P. K., & Cowie, H. (2010). Short-term longitudinal relationships between children’s peer victimization/bullying experiences and self-perceptions evidence for reciprocity. School Psychology International, 31(3), 296–311. CrossRef
go back to reference Brown, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Brown, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Bollen & J. S. Long (Eds.), Testing structural equation models (pp. 136–162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
go back to reference Camodeca, M., Goossens, F. A., Terwogt, M. M., & Schuengel, C. (2002). Bullying and victimization among school‐age children: stability and links to proactive and reactive aggression. Social Development, 11(3), 332–345. CrossRef Camodeca, M., Goossens, F. A., Terwogt, M. M., & Schuengel, C. (2002). Bullying and victimization among school‐age children: stability and links to proactive and reactive aggression. Social Development, 11(3), 332–345. CrossRef
go back to reference Cook, C. R., Williams, K. R., Guerra, N. G., Kim, T. E., & Sadek, S. (2010). Predictors of bullying and victimization in childhood and adolescence: a meta-analytic investigation. School Psychology Quarterly, 25(2), 65–83. CrossRef Cook, C. R., Williams, K. R., Guerra, N. G., Kim, T. E., & Sadek, S. (2010). Predictors of bullying and victimization in childhood and adolescence: a meta-analytic investigation. School Psychology Quarterly, 25(2), 65–83. CrossRef
go back to reference Cho, S., & Wooldredge, J. (2016). The link between juvenile offending and victimization: Sources of change over time in bullying victimization risk among South Korean adolescents. Children and Youth Services Review, 71, 119–129. CrossRef Cho, S., & Wooldredge, J. (2016). The link between juvenile offending and victimization: Sources of change over time in bullying victimization risk among South Korean adolescents. Children and Youth Services Review, 71, 119–129. CrossRef
go back to reference Greenberger, E., Chen, C., Dmitrieva, J., & Farruggia, S. P. (2003). Item-wording and the dimensionality of the Rosenberg self-esteem scale: do they matter? Personality and Individual differences, 35(6), 1241–1254. CrossRef Greenberger, E., Chen, C., Dmitrieva, J., & Farruggia, S. P. (2003). Item-wording and the dimensionality of the Rosenberg self-esteem scale: do they matter? Personality and Individual differences, 35(6), 1241–1254. CrossRef
go back to reference Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes on covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structual Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes on covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structual Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef
go back to reference Hunter, S. C., Boyle, J. M., & Warden, D. (2007). Perceptions and correlates of peer‐victimization and bullying. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77(4), 797–810. CrossRef Hunter, S. C., Boyle, J. M., & Warden, D. (2007). Perceptions and correlates of peer‐victimization and bullying. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77(4), 797–810. CrossRef
go back to reference Jennings, W. G., Piquero, A. R., & Reingle, J. M. (2012). On the overlap between victimization and offending: a review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17(1), 16–26. CrossRef Jennings, W. G., Piquero, A. R., & Reingle, J. M. (2012). On the overlap between victimization and offending: a review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 17(1), 16–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Jose, P. E., Kljakovic, M., Scheib, E., & Notter, O. (2012). The joint development of traditional bullying and victimization with cyber bullying and victimization in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22(2), 301–309. CrossRef Jose, P. E., Kljakovic, M., Scheib, E., & Notter, O. (2012). The joint development of traditional bullying and victimization with cyber bullying and victimization in adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22(2), 301–309. CrossRef
go back to reference Kamphaus, R. W., & Frick, P. J. (1996). Clinical assessment of child and adolescent personality and behavior. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Kamphaus, R. W., & Frick, P. J. (1996). Clinical assessment of child and adolescent personality and behavior. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
go back to reference Keith, T. Z. (2014). Multiple regression and beyond: an introduction to multiple regression and structural equation modeling. New York, NY: Routledge. CrossRef Keith, T. Z. (2014). Multiple regression and beyond: an introduction to multiple regression and structural equation modeling. New York, NY: Routledge. CrossRef
go back to reference Kort-Butler, L. A. (2010). Experienced and vicarious victimization: do social support and self-esteem prevent delinquent responses? Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 496–505. CrossRef Kort-Butler, L. A. (2010). Experienced and vicarious victimization: do social support and self-esteem prevent delinquent responses? Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 496–505. CrossRef
go back to reference Kokkinos, C. M., & Kipritsi, E. (2012). The relationship between bullying, victimization, trait emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and empathy among preadolescents. Social Psychology of Education, 15(1), 41–58. CrossRef Kokkinos, C. M., & Kipritsi, E. (2012). The relationship between bullying, victimization, trait emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and empathy among preadolescents. Social Psychology of Education, 15(1), 41–58. CrossRef
go back to reference Laible, D. J., Carlo, G., & Roesch, S. C. (2004). Pathways to self-esteem in late adolescence: the role of parent and peer attachment, empathy, and social behaviours. Journal of adolescence, 27(6), 703–716. CrossRef Laible, D. J., Carlo, G., & Roesch, S. C. (2004). Pathways to self-esteem in late adolescence: the role of parent and peer attachment, empathy, and social behaviours. Journal of adolescence, 27(6), 703–716. CrossRef
go back to reference Marsh, H. W., Parada, R. H., Craven, G., & Finger, L. (2004). In the looking glass: a reciprocal effects model elucidating the complex nature of bullying, psychological determinants and the central role of self-concept. In C. E. Sanders & G. D. Phye (Eds.), Bullying implications for the classroom (pp. 63–135). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press. CrossRef Marsh, H. W., Parada, R. H., Craven, G., & Finger, L. (2004). In the looking glass: a reciprocal effects model elucidating the complex nature of bullying, psychological determinants and the central role of self-concept. In C. E. Sanders & G. D. Phye (Eds.), Bullying implications for the classroom (pp. 63–135). San Diego, CA: Elsevier Academic Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Marsh, H. W., Wen, Z., & Hau, K. T. (2004). Structural equation models of latent interactions: evaluation of alternative estimation strategies and indicator construction. Psychological Methods, 9(3), 275–300. CrossRef Marsh, H. W., Wen, Z., & Hau, K. T. (2004). Structural equation models of latent interactions: evaluation of alternative estimation strategies and indicator construction. Psychological Methods, 9(3), 275–300. CrossRef
go back to reference Nansel, T. R., Haynie, D. L., & Simonsmorton, B. G. (2003). The association of bullying and victimization with middle school adjustment. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 19(2), 45–61. CrossRef Nansel, T. R., Haynie, D. L., & Simonsmorton, B. G. (2003). The association of bullying and victimization with middle school adjustment. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 19(2), 45–61. CrossRef
go back to reference Nickerson, A, Mele, D., & Osborne-Oliver, K. M. (2010). Parent–child relationships and bullying. In: S. R. Jimerson, S. M. Swearer, D. L. Espelage, (eds.) Handbook of bullying in schools:An international perspective . (pp. 187–197). New York, NY: Routledge. Nickerson, A, Mele, D., & Osborne-Oliver, K. M. (2010). Parent–child relationships and bullying. In: S. R. Jimerson, S. M. Swearer, D. L. Espelage, (eds.) Handbook of bullying in schools:An international perspective . (pp. 187–197). New York, NY: Routledge.
go back to reference Olweus, D. (2007). The Olweus bullying questionnaire. Center City, MN: Hazelden. Olweus, D. (2007). The Olweus bullying questionnaire. Center City, MN: Hazelden.
go back to reference Olweus, D. (2013). School bullying: development and some important challenges. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9, 751–780. CrossRef Olweus, D. (2013). School bullying: development and some important challenges. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9, 751–780. CrossRef
go back to reference Pitts, S. C., West, S. G., & Tein, J. Y. (1996). Longitudinal measurement models in evaluation research: examining stability and change. Evaluation and Program Planning, 19(4), 333–350. CrossRef Pitts, S. C., West, S. G., & Tein, J. Y. (1996). Longitudinal measurement models in evaluation research: examining stability and change. Evaluation and Program Planning, 19(4), 333–350. CrossRef
go back to reference Pratt, T. C., & Cullen, F. T. (2000). The empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime: a meta-analysis. Criminology, 38, 931–964. CrossRef Pratt, T. C., & Cullen, F. T. (2000). The empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime: a meta-analysis. Criminology, 38, 931–964. CrossRef
go back to reference Rodkin, P. C., Ryan, A. M., Jamison, R., & Wilson, T. (2013). Social goals, social behavior, and social status in middle childhood. Developmental Psychology, 49(6), 1139. CrossRef Rodkin, P. C., Ryan, A. M., Jamison, R., & Wilson, T. (2013). Social goals, social behavior, and social status in middle childhood. Developmental Psychology, 49(6), 1139. CrossRef
go back to reference Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. CrossRef Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Salmivalli, C. (2001). Feeling good about oneself, being bad to others? Remarks on self-esteem, hostility, and aggressive behavior. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6(4), 375–393. CrossRef Salmivalli, C. (2001). Feeling good about oneself, being bad to others? Remarks on self-esteem, hostility, and aggressive behavior. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 6(4), 375–393. CrossRef
go back to reference Schneider, D. J., & Turkat, D. (1975). Self‐presentation following success or failure: defensive self‐esteem models. Journal of Personality, 43(1), 127–135. CrossRef Schneider, D. J., & Turkat, D. (1975). Self‐presentation following success or failure: defensive self‐esteem models. Journal of Personality, 43(1), 127–135. CrossRef
go back to reference Schwartz, D. (2000). Subtypes of victims and aggressors in children’s peer groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28(2), 181–192. CrossRef Schwartz, D. (2000). Subtypes of victims and aggressors in children’s peer groups. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 28(2), 181–192. CrossRef
go back to reference Schwartz, D., Proctor, L. J., & Chien, D. H. (2001). The aggressive victim of bullying: emotional and behavioral dysregulation as a pathway to victimization by peers. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 147–174). New York/London: The Guilford Press. Schwartz, D., Proctor, L. J., & Chien, D. H. (2001). The aggressive victim of bullying: emotional and behavioral dysregulation as a pathway to victimization by peers. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school The plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 147–174). New York/London: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Seals, D., & Young, J. (2003). Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Adolescence, 38(152), 735–747. PubMed Seals, D., & Young, J. (2003). Bullying and victimization: prevalence and relationship to gender, grade level, ethnicity, self-esteem, and depression. Adolescence, 38(152), 735–747. PubMed
go back to reference Solberg, M. E., Olweus, D., & Endresen, I. M. (2007). Bullies and victims at school: are they the same pupils? British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77(2), 441–464. CrossRef Solberg, M. E., Olweus, D., & Endresen, I. M. (2007). Bullies and victims at school: are they the same pupils? British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77(2), 441–464. CrossRef
go back to reference Tsaousis, I. (2016). The relationship of self-esteem to bullying perpetration and peer victimization among schoolchildren and adolescents: a meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 31, 186–199. CrossRef Tsaousis, I. (2016). The relationship of self-esteem to bullying perpetration and peer victimization among schoolchildren and adolescents: a meta-analytic review. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 31, 186–199. CrossRef
go back to reference Vaillancourt, T., Hymel, S., & McDougall, P. (2003). Bullying is power: implications for school-based intervention strategies. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 19(2), 157–176. CrossRef Vaillancourt, T., Hymel, S., & McDougall, P. (2003). Bullying is power: implications for school-based intervention strategies. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 19(2), 157–176. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Who Becomes a Bullying Perpetrator After the Experience of Bullying Victimization? The Moderating Role of Self-esteem
Auteurs
Boungho Choi
Soowon Park
Publicatiedatum
11-08-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 11/2018
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0913-7

Andere artikelen Uitgave 11/2018

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 11/2018 Naar de uitgave