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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 4/2020

31-03-2020 | Brief Report

When are Worry and Rumination Negatively Associated with Resting Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia? It Depends: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Reappraisal

Auteurs: Andre J. Plate, Emily J. Dunn, Kara Christensen, Amelia Aldao

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 4/2020

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Abstract

Recent research has highlighted the importance of testing interactions between adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies when examining their associations with mental health. However, there has been little work on the interaction between adaptive strategies such as cognitive reappraisal and two forms of repetitive negative thinking (RNT)—worry and rumination. Furthermore, prior research has exclusively relied on self-report measures to assess mental health as the primary outcome and more research is needed to understand the psychophysiological correlates of emotion regulation. To address these limitations, we tested the interaction between cognitive reappraisal and RNT when predicting resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia, which measures heart rate variability across the respiratory cycle and is conceptualized as a transdiagnostic biomarker for psychopathology and emotion regulation capacities. We also predicted depression symptoms as a secondary outcome in an attempt to replicate prior research. In a sample of 233 undergraduates, we found that RNT had a negative association with resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia, but only among participants who reported low levels of cognitive reappraisal use. The effect of RNT on depressive symptoms was not moderated by cognitive reappraisal use. Overall, these results suggest that worry and rumination might have the most detrimental links with physiological functioning when people do not frequently use cognitive reappraisal to regulate affect. This study also underscores the necessity of utilizing psychophysiological measures when modeling interactions between regulatory strategies.
Voetnoten
1
Percentages exceed 100% because participants were allowed to identify with more than one ethnicity, if applicable.
 
2
A similar pattern of results was observed when worry and rumination were entered as individual predictors of resting RSA in separate regression models. Therefore, similar interactive effects were observed when worry and rumination were tested separately or as a composite measure of RNT.
 
Literatuur
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go back to reference Borkovec, T. D., Alcaine, O., & Behar, E. (2004). Avoidance theory of worry and generalized anxiety disorder. In R. G. Heimberg, C. L. Turk, & D. S. Mennin (Eds.), Generalized anxiety disorder: Advances in research and practice (pp. 77–108). New York: Guilford Press. Borkovec, T. D., Alcaine, O., & Behar, E. (2004). Avoidance theory of worry and generalized anxiety disorder. In R. G. Heimberg, C. L. Turk, & D. S. Mennin (Eds.), Generalized anxiety disorder: Advances in research and practice (pp. 77–108). New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Publications Inc. Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Publications Inc.
go back to reference Plate, A. J., Aldao, A., Quintero, J. M., & Mennin, D. S. (2016). Interactions between reappraisal and emotional nonacceptance in psychopathology: Examining disability and depression symptoms in generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research,40(6), 733–746. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-016-9793-x.CrossRef Plate, A. J., Aldao, A., Quintero, J. M., & Mennin, D. S. (2016). Interactions between reappraisal and emotional nonacceptance in psychopathology: Examining disability and depression symptoms in generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research,40(6), 733–746. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10608-016-9793-x.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
When are Worry and Rumination Negatively Associated with Resting Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia? It Depends: The Moderating Role of Cognitive Reappraisal
Auteurs
Andre J. Plate
Emily J. Dunn
Kara Christensen
Amelia Aldao
Publicatiedatum
31-03-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 4/2020
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10099-z

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