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09-11-2019 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 4/2020

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 4/2020

What Predicts Pre-adolescent Compliance with Family Rules? A Longitudinal Analysis of Parental Discipline, Procedural Justice, and Legitimacy Evaluations

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 4/2020
Auteurs:
Kendra J. Thomas, Herbert Rodrigues, Renan T. de Oliveira, Anthony A. Mangino
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Abstract

During adolescence, individuals make judgements on the legitimacy of authorities to make and enforce rules and they differentiate between various types of rules. This study tracked a socially and racially diverse sample (47% White) of 800 Brazilians for three years, ages 11–13 (50% female), allowing for variation between issues and individuals. The strongest predictors of compliance were adolescents’ beliefs that parents were legitimate authorities. Other significant predictors were authorities’ procedural justice and disciplinary practices. Legitimacy attributions partially mediated the relationship between procedural justice and compliance. Compliance and legitimacy varied across issues. Across time, parenting variables diminished in predictive strength while legitimacy attributions increased. Procedural justice practices may partially establish parental legitimacy, while disciplinary practices are less effective and perhaps counter-productive.

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