Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2007

01-03-2007 | Original Paper

What Facilitates Social Engagement in Preschool Children with Autism?

Auteurs: Dawn C. Wimpory, R. Peter Hobson, Susan Nash

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2007

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

We studied the association between an adult’s behavior and episodes of social engagement (ESEs) in young children with autism during play-based assessment. ESEs were defined as events in which a child looked toward the adult’s face and simultaneously showed an additional form of communicative behavior. The adult’s behavior before each ESE, and before time-sampled control periods, was rated using Coding Active Sociability in Preschoolers with Autism (CASPA). As predicted, adult musical/motoric activity, communications that followed the child’s focus of attention, scaffolding through social routines, imitations of the child, and adult repetitions were significantly more prevalent before ESEs, but cognitive assessment activities, adult inactivity, and “ignoring” were significantly less prevalent. We consider the implications for understanding the developmental psychopathology of autism.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Washington DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Baldwin, D. A. (1991). Infants’ contribution to the achievement of joint reference. Child Development, 62, 875–890. PubMedCrossRef Baldwin, D. A. (1991). Infants’ contribution to the achievement of joint reference. Child Development, 62, 875–890. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bartak, L., & Rutter, M. (1973). Special educational treatment of autistic children: A comparative study—I. Design of study and characteristics of units. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 14, 161–179. PubMedCrossRef Bartak, L., & Rutter, M. (1973). Special educational treatment of autistic children: A comparative study—I. Design of study and characteristics of units. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 14, 161–179. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bosch, G. (1970). Infantile autism (D. Jordan & I. Jordan, Trans.). New York: Springer Verlag. Bosch, G. (1970). Infantile autism (D. Jordan & I. Jordan, Trans.). New York: Springer Verlag.
go back to reference Bruner, J. S. (1983). Child’s talk: Learning to use language. Oxford Paperbacks. Bruner, J. S. (1983). Child’s talk: Learning to use language. Oxford Paperbacks.
go back to reference Buitelaar, J., van Engeland, H., de Koegel, K., de Vries, H., & van Hooff, J. (1991). Differences in the structure of social behaviour of autistic children and non-autistic retarded controls. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 32, 995–1015. Buitelaar, J., van Engeland, H., de Koegel, K., de Vries, H., & van Hooff, J. (1991). Differences in the structure of social behaviour of autistic children and non-autistic retarded controls. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 32, 995–1015.
go back to reference Camaioni, L., & Laicardi, C. (1985). Early social games and the acquisition of language. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 3, 31–39. Camaioni, L., & Laicardi, C. (1985). Early social games and the acquisition of language. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 3, 31–39.
go back to reference Charman, T., Swettenham, J., Baron-Cohen, S., Cox, A., Baird, G., & Drew, A. (1997). Infants with autism: An investigation of empathy, pretend play, joint attention, and imitation. Developmental Psychology, 33, 781–789. PubMedCrossRef Charman, T., Swettenham, J., Baron-Cohen, S., Cox, A., Baird, G., & Drew, A. (1997). Infants with autism: An investigation of empathy, pretend play, joint attention, and imitation. Developmental Psychology, 33, 781–789. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Christie, P., Newson, E., Newson, J., & Prevezer, W. (1992). An interactive approach to language and communication or non-speaking children. In D. A. Lane, & A. Miller (Eds). Child and adolescent therapy: A handbook (pp 67–88). Buckingham: Open University Press. Christie, P., Newson, E., Newson, J., & Prevezer, W. (1992). An interactive approach to language and communication or non-speaking children. In D. A. Lane, & A. Miller (Eds). Child and adolescent therapy: A handbook (pp 67–88). Buckingham: Open University Press.
go back to reference Clark, P., & Rutter, M. (1981). Autistic children’s response to structure and to interpersonal demands. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 11, 201–217. PubMedCrossRef Clark, P., & Rutter, M. (1981). Autistic children’s response to structure and to interpersonal demands. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 11, 201–217. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dawson, G., & Adams, A. (1984). Imitation and social responsiveness in autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 12, 209–225. PubMedCrossRef Dawson, G., & Adams, A. (1984). Imitation and social responsiveness in autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 12, 209–225. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dawson, G., & Galpert, L. (1986). A developmental model for facilitating the social behaviour of autistic children. In E. Schopler, & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Social behaviour in autism. New York: Plenum. Dawson, G., & Galpert, L. (1986). A developmental model for facilitating the social behaviour of autistic children. In E. Schopler, & G. B. Mesibov (Eds.), Social behaviour in autism. New York: Plenum.
go back to reference Dawson, G., Hill, D., Spencer, A., Galpert, L., & Watson, L. (1990). Affective exchanges between young autistic children and their mothers. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18, 335–345. PubMedCrossRef Dawson, G., Hill, D., Spencer, A., Galpert, L., & Watson, L. (1990). Affective exchanges between young autistic children and their mothers. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 18, 335–345. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Dawson, G., & Lewy, A. (1989). Arousal, attention, and the socioemotional impairments of individuals with autism. In G. Dawson (Ed.), Autism: Nature, diagnosis and treatment. Guilford Press. Dawson, G., & Lewy, A. (1989). Arousal, attention, and the socioemotional impairments of individuals with autism. In G. Dawson (Ed.), Autism: Nature, diagnosis and treatment. Guilford Press.
go back to reference Dawson, G., Meltzoff, A. N., Osterling, J., Rinaldi, J., & Brown, E. (1998). Children with autism fail to orient to naturally occurring social stimuli. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , 28, 479–485. PubMedCrossRef Dawson, G., Meltzoff, A. N., Osterling, J., Rinaldi, J., & Brown, E. (1998). Children with autism fail to orient to naturally occurring social stimuli. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders , 28, 479–485. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Doussard-Roosevelt, J. A., Joe, C. M., Bazhenova, O. V., & Porges, S. (2003). Mother–child interaction in autistic and non-autistic children: Characteristics of maternal approach behaviors and child social responses. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 277–295. PubMedCrossRef Doussard-Roosevelt, J. A., Joe, C. M., Bazhenova, O. V., & Porges, S. (2003). Mother–child interaction in autistic and non-autistic children: Characteristics of maternal approach behaviors and child social responses. Development and Psychopathology, 15, 277–295. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Escalona, A., Field, T., Nadel, J., & Lundy, B. (2002). Brief report: Imitation effects on children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 141–144. PubMedCrossRef Escalona, A., Field, T., Nadel, J., & Lundy, B. (2002). Brief report: Imitation effects on children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 141–144. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Field, T., Field, T., Sanders, C., & Nadel, J. (2001). Children with autism display more social behaviors after repeated imitation sessions. Autism, 5, 317–323. PubMedCrossRef Field, T., Field, T., Sanders, C., & Nadel, J. (2001). Children with autism display more social behaviors after repeated imitation sessions. Autism, 5, 317–323. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Field, T. M., Woodson, R., Cohen, D., Greenberg, R., Garcia, R., & Collins, K. (1983). Discrimination and imitation of facial expressions by term and preterm neonates. Infant Behavior and Development, 6, 485–489. CrossRef Field, T. M., Woodson, R., Cohen, D., Greenberg, R., Garcia, R., & Collins, K. (1983). Discrimination and imitation of facial expressions by term and preterm neonates. Infant Behavior and Development, 6, 485–489. CrossRef
go back to reference Girolametto, L. E. (1988). Improving the social-conversational skills of delayed children: An intervention study. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 53, 156–167. PubMed Girolametto, L. E. (1988). Improving the social-conversational skills of delayed children: An intervention study. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 53, 156–167. PubMed
go back to reference Griffiths, R. (1984). The abilities of young children. The Test Agency: Bucks. Griffiths, R. (1984). The abilities of young children. The Test Agency: Bucks.
go back to reference Gutstein, S. (2004). Preliminary evaluation of the Relationship Development Intervention program. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (in press). Gutstein, S. (2004). Preliminary evaluation of the Relationship Development Intervention program. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders (in press).
go back to reference Gutstein, S. E., & Sheely, R. K. (2002). Relationship Development Intervention with young children: Social and emotional development activities for Asperger Syndrome, autism, PDD and NLD. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley. Gutstein, S. E., & Sheely, R. K. (2002). Relationship Development Intervention with young children: Social and emotional development activities for Asperger Syndrome, autism, PDD and NLD. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley.
go back to reference Heal, M., & Wigram, T. (1993). Musical therapy in health and education. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Heal, M., & Wigram, T. (1993). Musical therapy in health and education. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
go back to reference Hobson, R. P. (1989). Beyond cognition: A theory of autism. In G. Dawson (Ed.) Autism: Nature, diagnosis, and treatment (pp. 22–48). New York: Guilford. Hobson, R. P. (1989). Beyond cognition: A theory of autism. In G. Dawson (Ed.) Autism: Nature, diagnosis, and treatment (pp. 22–48). New York: Guilford.
go back to reference Hobson, R. P. (1993a). Autism and the development of mind. Hove, UK: Erlbaum. Hobson, R. P. (1993a). Autism and the development of mind. Hove, UK: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Hobson, R. P. (1993b). The emotional origins of social understanding. Philosophical Psychology, 6, 227–249. CrossRef Hobson, R. P. (1993b). The emotional origins of social understanding. Philosophical Psychology, 6, 227–249. CrossRef
go back to reference Hobson, R. P. (2002). The cradle of thought. London: Macmillan, and Oxford University Press, New York. Hobson, R. P. (2002). The cradle of thought. London: Macmillan, and Oxford University Press, New York.
go back to reference Hobson, R. P., & Lee, A. (1998). Hello and goodbye: A study of social engagement in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28, 117–126. PubMedCrossRef Hobson, R. P., & Lee, A. (1998). Hello and goodbye: A study of social engagement in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28, 117–126. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hobson, R. P., & Lee, A. (1999). Imitation and identification in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 649–659. PubMedCrossRef Hobson, R. P., & Lee, A. (1999). Imitation and identification in autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40, 649–659. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250. Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
go back to reference Kasari, C., Sigman, M., Mundy, P., & Yirmiya, N. (1990). Affective sharing in the context of joint attention interactions of normal, autistic and mentally retarded children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 87–100. PubMedCrossRef Kasari, C., Sigman, M., Mundy, P., & Yirmiya, N. (1990). Affective sharing in the context of joint attention interactions of normal, autistic and mentally retarded children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 87–100. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kasari, C., Sigman, M., & Yirmiya, N. (1993). Focused and social attention of autistic children in interactions with familiar and unfamiliar adults: A comparison of autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 403–414. Kasari, C., Sigman, M., & Yirmiya, N. (1993). Focused and social attention of autistic children in interactions with familiar and unfamiliar adults: A comparison of autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 403–414.
go back to reference Koegel, R. L., Dyer, K., & Bell, L. K. (1987). The influence of child-preferred activities on autistic children’s social behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20, 243–252. PubMedCrossRef Koegel, R. L., Dyer, K., & Bell, L. K. (1987). The influence of child-preferred activities on autistic children’s social behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20, 243–252. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Landry, S. H., & Loveland, K. A. (1989). The effect of social context on the functional communication skills of autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 283–299. PubMedCrossRef Landry, S. H., & Loveland, K. A. (1989). The effect of social context on the functional communication skills of autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 19, 283–299. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lewy, A., & Dawson, G. (1992). Social stimulation and joint attention in young autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20, 555–566. PubMedCrossRef Lewy, A., & Dawson, G. (1992). Social stimulation and joint attention in young autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20, 555–566. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C. (1995). Follow-up of two-year-olds referred for possible autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1365–1382. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C. (1995). Follow-up of two-year-olds referred for possible autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1365–1382. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., & Magill-Evans, J. (1995). Peer interactions of autistic children and adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 611–626. Lord, C., & Magill-Evans, J. (1995). Peer interactions of autistic children and adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 7, 611–626.
go back to reference Loveland, K. A., Landry, S. H., Hughes, S. O., Hall, S. K., & McEvoy, R. E. (1988). Speech acts and the pragmatic deficits of autism. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 31, 593–604. PubMed Loveland, K. A., Landry, S. H., Hughes, S. O., Hall, S. K., & McEvoy, R. E. (1988). Speech acts and the pragmatic deficits of autism. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 31, 593–604. PubMed
go back to reference McEvoy, M. A., Nordquist, V. M., Twardosz, S., Heckaman, K. A., Wehby, J. H., & Denny, R. K. (1988). Promoting autistic children’s peer interaction in an integrated early childhood setting using affection activities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 193–200. PubMedCrossRef McEvoy, M. A., Nordquist, V. M., Twardosz, S., Heckaman, K. A., Wehby, J. H., & Denny, R. K. (1988). Promoting autistic children’s peer interaction in an integrated early childhood setting using affection activities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21, 193–200. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mirenda, P. L., Donnellan, A. M., & Yoder, D. E. (1983). Gaze behavior: A new look at an old problem. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 13, 397–409. PubMedCrossRef Mirenda, P. L., Donnellan, A. M., & Yoder, D. E. (1983). Gaze behavior: A new look at an old problem. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 13, 397–409. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mundy, P., Sigman, M., Ungerer, J., & Sherman, T. (1986). Defining the social deficits of autism: The contribution of nonverbal communication measures. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27, 657–669. PubMedCrossRef Mundy, P., Sigman, M., Ungerer, J., & Sherman, T. (1986). Defining the social deficits of autism: The contribution of nonverbal communication measures. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27, 657–669. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nadel, J., Guerini, C., Peze, A., & Rivet, C. (1999). The evolving nature of imitation as a format for communication. In J. Nadel, & G. Butterworth (Eds.), Imitation in infancy (pp 209–234). New York: CUP. Nadel, J., Guerini, C., Peze, A., & Rivet, C. (1999). The evolving nature of imitation as a format for communication. In J. Nadel, & G. Butterworth (Eds.), Imitation in infancy (pp 209–234). New York: CUP.
go back to reference Newson, E. (1984). The social development of the young autistic child. In Autism-its nature, implications and consequences. London: National Autistic Society. Newson, E. (1984). The social development of the young autistic child. In Autism-its nature, implications and consequences. London: National Autistic Society.
go back to reference Newson, J. (1974). Towards a theory of infant understanding. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 27, 251–257. Newson, J. (1974). Towards a theory of infant understanding. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 27, 251–257.
go back to reference Newson, J., & Newson, E. (1975). Intersubjectivity and the transmission of culture: On the social origins of symbolic functioning. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 28, 437–446. Newson, J., & Newson, E. (1975). Intersubjectivity and the transmission of culture: On the social origins of symbolic functioning. Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 28, 437–446.
go back to reference Newson, J., & Newson, E. (1979). Toys and playthings in development and remediation. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Newson, J., & Newson, E. (1979). Toys and playthings in development and remediation. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
go back to reference Phillips, W., Gomez, J.-C., Baron-Cohen, S., Laa, V., & Riviére, A. (1995). Treating people as objects, agents, or “subjects”: How young children with or without autism make requests. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1383–1398. PubMedCrossRef Phillips, W., Gomez, J.-C., Baron-Cohen, S., Laa, V., & Riviére, A. (1995). Treating people as objects, agents, or “subjects”: How young children with or without autism make requests. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 1383–1398. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ratner, N., & Bruner, J. S. (1978). Games, social exchange and the acquisition of language. Journal of Child Language, 5, 391–401. PubMed Ratner, N., & Bruner, J. S. (1978). Games, social exchange and the acquisition of language. Journal of Child Language, 5, 391–401. PubMed
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., & Pennington, B. F. (1991). A theoretical approach to the deficits in infantile autism. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 137–162. CrossRef Rogers, S. J., & Pennington, B. F. (1991). A theoretical approach to the deficits in infantile autism. Development and Psychopathology, 3, 137–162. CrossRef
go back to reference Schopler, E., Reichler, R., & Renner, B. R. (1986). The Childhood Autism Scale (CARS) for diagnostic screening and classification of autism. New York: Irvington Publishers. Schopler, E., Reichler, R., & Renner, B. R. (1986). The Childhood Autism Scale (CARS) for diagnostic screening and classification of autism. New York: Irvington Publishers.
go back to reference Sigman, M. D., Kasari, C., Kwon, J. H., & Yirmiya, N. (1992). Responses to the negative emotions of others by autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children. Child Development, 63, 796–807. PubMedCrossRef Sigman, M. D., Kasari, C., Kwon, J. H., & Yirmiya, N. (1992). Responses to the negative emotions of others by autistic, mentally retarded, and normal children. Child Development, 63, 796–807. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sigman, M., Mundy, P., Sherman, T., & Ungerer, J. (1986). Social interactions of autistic, mentally retarded and normal children with their caregivers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27, 647–656. PubMedCrossRef Sigman, M., Mundy, P., Sherman, T., & Ungerer, J. (1986). Social interactions of autistic, mentally retarded and normal children with their caregivers. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 27, 647–656. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Siller, M., & Sigman, M. (2002). The behaviors of parents of children with autism predict the subsequent development of their children’s communication. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 77–89. PubMedCrossRef Siller, M., & Sigman, M. (2002). The behaviors of parents of children with autism predict the subsequent development of their children’s communication. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 77–89. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Snow, M. E., Hertzig, M. E., & Shapiro T. (1987). Expression of emotion in autistic children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 836–838. PubMed Snow, M. E., Hertzig, M. E., & Shapiro T. (1987). Expression of emotion in autistic children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 836–838. PubMed
go back to reference Stern, D. N. (1985). The interpersonal world of the infant. New York: Basic Books. Stern, D. N. (1985). The interpersonal world of the infant. New York: Basic Books.
go back to reference Stone, W. L., & Caro-Martinez, L. M. (1990). Naturalistic observations of spontaneous communication in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 437–453. PubMedCrossRef Stone, W. L., & Caro-Martinez, L. M. (1990). Naturalistic observations of spontaneous communication in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 437–453. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stone, W. L., Hoffman, E. L., Lewis, S. E., & Ousley, O. Y. (1994). Early recognition of autism: Parental reports vs clinical observation. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 148, 174–179. PubMed Stone, W. L., Hoffman, E. L., Lewis, S. E., & Ousley, O. Y. (1994). Early recognition of autism: Parental reports vs clinical observation. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 148, 174–179. PubMed
go back to reference Tiegerman, E., & Primavera, L. (1984). Imitating the autistic child: Facilitating communicative gaze behavior. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 14, 27–38. PubMedCrossRef Tiegerman, E., & Primavera, L. (1984). Imitating the autistic child: Facilitating communicative gaze behavior. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 14, 27–38. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tomasello, M., & Farrar, J. (1986). Joint attention and early language. Child Development, 57, 1454–1463. PubMedCrossRef Tomasello, M., & Farrar, J. (1986). Joint attention and early language. Child Development, 57, 1454–1463. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Trevarthen, C. (1979). Communication and cooperation in early infancy: A description of primary intersubjectivity. In M. Bullowa (Ed.) Before speech (pp 321–347). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Trevarthen, C. (1979). Communication and cooperation in early infancy: A description of primary intersubjectivity. In M. Bullowa (Ed.) Before speech (pp 321–347). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Watson, L., Lord, C., Schaffer, B., & Schopler, E. (1989). Teaching spontaneous communication to autistic and developmentally handicapped children. New York: Irvington. Watson, L., Lord, C., Schaffer, B., & Schopler, E. (1989). Teaching spontaneous communication to autistic and developmentally handicapped children. New York: Irvington.
go back to reference Wetherby, A. M., & Prizant, B. M. (1999). Enhancing language and communication development in autism: Assessment and intervention guidelines. In D. B. Zager (Ed.), Autism: Identification, education, and treatment (2nd ed.), pp. 141–174. Wetherby, A. M., & Prizant, B. M. (1999). Enhancing language and communication development in autism: Assessment and intervention guidelines. In D. B. Zager (Ed.), Autism: Identification, education, and treatment (2nd ed.), pp. 141–174.
go back to reference Wimpory, D. C. (1995). Social engagement in preschool children with autism. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK. Wimpory, D. C. (1995). Social engagement in preschool children with autism. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, UK.
go back to reference Wimpory, D. C., Chadwick, P., & Nash, S. (1995) Brief report: musical interaction therapy for children with autism: An evaluative case study with two year follow-up. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 541–552. PubMedCrossRef Wimpory, D. C., Chadwick, P., & Nash, S. (1995) Brief report: musical interaction therapy for children with autism: An evaluative case study with two year follow-up. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 541–552. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wimpory, D., Hobson, R. P., Williams, J. M. G., & Nash, S. (2000). Are infants with autism socially engaged? A study of recent retrospective parental reports. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 525–536. PubMedCrossRef Wimpory, D., Hobson, R. P., Williams, J. M. G., & Nash, S. (2000). Are infants with autism socially engaged? A study of recent retrospective parental reports. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 525–536. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wimpory, D., & Nash. S. (1999). Musical interaction play therapy. Child Language, Teaching and Therapy, 15, 17–28. CrossRef Wimpory, D., & Nash. S. (1999). Musical interaction play therapy. Child Language, Teaching and Therapy, 15, 17–28. CrossRef
go back to reference Wimpory, D., Nicholas, B., & Nash, S. (2002). Social timing, clock genes and autism: A new hypothesis. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 46, 352–358. PubMedCrossRef Wimpory, D., Nicholas, B., & Nash, S. (2002). Social timing, clock genes and autism: A new hypothesis. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 46, 352–358. PubMedCrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
What Facilitates Social Engagement in Preschool Children with Autism?
Auteurs
Dawn C. Wimpory
R. Peter Hobson
Susan Nash
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0187-x

Andere artikelen Uitgave 3/2007

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2007 Naar de uitgave