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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2017

12-01-2017 | Original Paper

What Difference Does It Make? Implicit, Explicit and Complex Social Cognition in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Auteurs: Ulrich M. Schaller, Reinhold Rauh

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2017

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Abstract

We tested social cognition abilities of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and neurotypically developed peers (NTD). A multi-faceted test-battery including facial emotion categorization (FEC), classical false belief tasks (FBT), and complex social cognition (SC), yielded significantly lower accuracy rates for FEC and complex SC tasks in ASD, but no significant differences in performance concerning FBT. A significant correlation between age and performance in a FEC task and in a complex task was found only in ASD. We propose that dynamic and/or fragmented FEC tasks can elicit deficits in implicit processing of facial emotion more efficiently. The difficulties of ASD in solving complex SC tasks can be ascribed to deficits in the acquisition and application of social schemata.
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Metagegevens
Titel
What Difference Does It Make? Implicit, Explicit and Complex Social Cognition in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Auteurs
Ulrich M. Schaller
Reinhold Rauh
Publicatiedatum
12-01-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-016-3008-x