Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Washington, DC, 2005. This project was supported in part by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development grant HD048664 awarded to the second author.
Although there is evidence that verbal victimization in childhood may be a nonspecific risk factor for a variety of disorders, there may be mediational pathways that are specific to each disorder. In this study, we hypothesized that disorder-specific cognitions would mediate the relation between reports of childhood verbal victimization and undergraduates’ current symptoms of depression and eating disorders. In addition, we hypothesized that a specific type of verbal victimization, weight-related teasing, would be more strongly related to the presence of dysfunctional eating cognitions than depressive cognitions. Both hypotheses were supported, providing preliminary evidence for the hypothesized disorder-specific mediational pathways.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Abramson, L. Y., Alloy, L. B., Hankin, B. L., Haeffel, G. J., MacCoon, D. G., & Gibb, B. E. (2002). Cognitive vulnerability-stress models of depression in a self-regulatory and psychobiological context. In I. H. Gotlib, C. L. Hammen (Eds.), Handbook of depression (pp. 268–294). New York: Guilford.
Abramson, L. Y., Metalsky, G. I., & Alloy, L. B. (1989). Hopelessness depression: A theory-based subtype of depression. Psychological Review, 96, 358−372. CrossRef
Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., Rose, D. T., Robinson, M. S., Kim, R. S., & Lapkin, J. B. (2000). The Temple-Wisconsin cognitive vulnerability to depression project: Lifetime history of Axis I psychopathology in individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 109, 403–418. PubMedCrossRef
Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Safford, S. M., & Gibb, B. E. (2005). The Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression Project: Current findings and future directions. In L. B. Alloy, J. H. Riskind (Eds.), Cognitive vulnerability to emotional disorders (pp. 33–61). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Arbuckle, J. L. (2003). Amos 5 [Computer software]. Chicago: Smallwaters.
Beck, A. T., Steer, R. A., & Brown, G. K. (1996). Beck Depression Inventory Manual (2nd ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Brouwers, M. (1988). Depressive thought content among female college students with bulimia. Journal of Counseling an (2003) Development, 66, 425–428.
Cooper, M. J. (2005a). Cognitive theory in anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: Progress, development and future directions. Clinical Psychology Review, 25, 511–531. CrossRef
Cooper, M. J. (2005b). A developmental vulnerability-stress model of eating disorders: A cognitive approach. In B. L. Hankin, J. R. Z. Abela, (Eds.), Development of psychopathology: A vulnerability-stress perspective (pp. 328–354). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage.
Cooper, P. J., Taylor, M. J., Cooper, Z., & Fairburn, C. G. (1987). The development and validation of the body shape questionnaire. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 6, 485–494. CrossRef
Craig, W. M. (1998). The relationship among bullying, victimization, depression, anxiety, and aggression in elementary school children. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 123–130. CrossRef
Efron, B., & Tibshirani, R. (1986). Bootstrap methods for standard errors, confidence intervals, and other measures of statistical accuracy. Statistical Science, 1, 54–77. CrossRef
Eisenberg, M. E., Neumark-Sztainer, D., & Story, M. (2003). Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157, 733–738. CrossRef
Fairburn, C. G., Cooper, Z., & Shafran, R. (2003). Cognitive behaviour therapy for eating disorders: A “transdiagnostic” theory and treatment. Behaviour Therapy and Research, 41, 509–528. CrossRef
Fairburn, C. G., Shafran, R., & Cooper, Z. (1998). A cognitive behavioural theory of anorexia nervosa. Behaviour Therapy and Research, 37, 1–13. CrossRef
Garber, J., & Flynn, C. (1998). Origins of the depressive cognitive style. In D. K. Routh, R. J. DeRubeis (Eds.), The science of clinical psychology : Accomplishments and future directions (pp. 53–93). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Garner, D. M. (1991). Eating Disorder Inventory—2 professional manual. Odessa, Florida: Psychological Assessment Resources.
Gibb, B. E., Abramson, L. Y., & Alloy, L. B. (2004). Emotional maltreatment from parents, verbal peer victimization, and cognitive vulnerability to depression. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 1–21. CrossRef
Gibb, B. E., & Alloy, L. B. (2006). A prospective test of the hopelessness theory of depression in children. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35, 264–274.
Gibb, B. E., Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., & Marx, B. P. (2003). Childhood maltreatment and maltreatment-specific inferences: A test of Rose and Abramson’s (1992) extension of the hopelessness theory. Cognition and Emotion, 17, 917–931. CrossRef
Gibb, B. E., Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Rose, D. T., Whitehouse, W. G., Donovan, P., Hogan, M. E. et al. (2001). History of childhood maltreatment, negative cognitive styles, and episodes of depression in adulthood. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 425–446. CrossRef
Gibb, B. E., Chelminski, I., & Zimmerman, M. (2005). Childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse and diagnoses of depressive and anxiety disorders in adult psychiatric outpatients. Manuscript submitted for publication.
Gibb, B. E., & Coles, M. E. (2005). Cognitive vulnerability-stress models of psychopathology: A developmental perspective. In B. L. Hankin, J. R. Z. Abela (Eds.), Development of psychopathology: A vulnerability-stress perspective (pp. 104–135). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Gleason, J. H., Alexander, A. M., & Somers, C. L. (2000). Later adolescents’ reactions to three types of childhood teasing: Relations with self-esteem and body image. Social Behaviors and Personality, 28, 471–480. CrossRef
Haines, B. A., Metalksy, G. I., Cardamone, A. L., & Joiner, T. (1999). Interpersonal and cognitive pathways into the origins of attributional style: A developmental perspective. In T. Joiner, J. C. Coyne (Eds.), The interactional nature of depression. (pp. 65–92). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Hankin, B. L. (in press). Childhood maltreatment and psychopathology: Prospective tests of attachment, cognitive vulnerability, and stress as mediating processes. Cognitive Therapy and Research.
Hankin, B. L., Abramson, L. Y., Miller, N., & Haeffel, G. J. (2004). Cognitive vulnerability-stress theories of depression: Examining affective specificity in the prediction of depression versus anxiety in three prospective studies. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 309–345. CrossRef
Hayden-Wade, H. A., Stein, R. I., Saelens, B. E., Zabinski, M., Ghaderi, A., & Wilfley, D. E. (2005). Prevalence, characteristics, and correlates of teasing experiences among overweight children versus non-overweight peers. Obesity Research, 13, 1381–1392. PubMed
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1–55. CrossRef
Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Latner, J. D., & Stunkard, A. J. (2003). Getting worse: The stigmatization of obese children. Obesity Research, 11, 452–456. PubMed
Lieberman, M., Gauvin, L., Bukowski, W. M., & White, D. R. (2001). Interpersonal influence & disordered eating behaviors in adolescent girls: The role of peer modeling, social reinforcement & body-related teasing. Eating Behaviors, 3, 215–236. CrossRef
Little, R. J. A., & Rubin, D. B. (1987). Statistical analysis with missing data. New York: Wiley.
Lundgren, J. D., Anderson, D. A., Thompson, J. K., Shapiro, J. R., & Paulosky, C. A. (2004). Perception of teasing in underweight persons: A modification of the perception of teasing scale. Eating and Weight Disorders, 9, 139–146. PubMed
National Eating Disorders Association. (2002). Health consequences of eating disorders. Retrieved July 11, 2005 from http://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org/p.asp?WebPage_ID = 320&Profile_ID = 41143.
National Institute of Mental Health. (2001). Eating disorders: Facts about eating disorders and the search for solutions. Retrieved November 4, 2004 from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/eatingdisorders.cfm.
Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (2001). Gender differences in depression. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 173–176. CrossRef
Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1, 385–401. CrossRef
Rose, D. T., & Abramson, L. Y. (1992). Developmental predictors of depressive cognitive style: Research and theory. In D. Cicchetti, S. L. Toth (Eds.), Rochester symposium on developmental psychopathology. (Vol .IV, pp. 323–349). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
Rosen, J. C., Jones, A., Ramirez, E., & Waxman, S. (1995). Body Shape Questionnaire: Studies of validity and reliability. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 20, 315–319. CrossRef
Roth, D. A., Coles, M. E., & Heimberg, R. G. (2002). The relationship between memories for childhood teasing and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Anxiety Disorders, 16, 149–164. CrossRef
Santor, D. A., Zuroff, D. C., Ramsay, J. O., Cervantes, P., & Palacios, J. (1995). Examining scale discriminability in the BDI and CES-D as a function of depressive severity. Psychological Assessment, 7, 131–139. CrossRef
Spangler, D. L., & Stice, E. (2001). Validation of the beliefs about appearance scale. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 813–827. CrossRef
Storch, E. A., Roth, D. A., Coles, M. E., Heimberg, R. G., Bravata, E. A., & Moser, J. (2004). The measurement and impact of childhood teasing in a sample of young adults. Anxiety Disorders, 18, 681–694. CrossRef
Thompson, J. K., Coovert, M. D., Richards, K. J., Johnson, S., & Cattarin, J. (1995). Development of body image, eating disturbance, and general psychological functioning in female adolescents: Covariance structure modeling and longitudinal investigations. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, 221–236. PubMedCrossRef
van Strien, T., Frijters, J. E. R., Bergers, G. P. A., & Defares, P. B. (1986). The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) for assessment of restrained, emotional, and external eating behavior. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 5, 295–315. CrossRef
Wertheim, E. H., Koerner, J., & Paxton, S. J. (2001). Longitudinal predictors of restrictive eating and bulimic tendencies in three different age groups of adolescent girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 30, 69–81. CrossRef
- Weight-related Teasing, Dysfunctional Cognitions, and Symptoms of Depression and Eating Disturbances
Jessica S. Benas
Brandon E. Gibb
- Springer US