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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 6/2016

26-10-2015

Warm Parenting and Effortful Control in Toddlerhood: Independent and Interactive Predictors of School-Age Externalizing Behavior

Auteurs: Julia D. Reuben, Daniel S. Shaw, Jenae M. Neiderhiser, Misaki N. Natsuaki, David Reiss, Leslie D. Leve

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 6/2016

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Abstract

Externalizing symptoms, such as aggression, impulsivity, and inattention, represent the most common forms of childhood maladjustment (Campbell et al. Development and Psychopathology, 12, 467–488, 2000). Several dimensions of parenting behavior, including overreactive and warm parenting, have been linked to children’s conduct problems. However, the majority of these studies involve biologically-related family members, thereby limiting understanding of the role of genetic and/or environmental underpinnings of parenting on child psychopathology. This study extends previous research by exploring associations between overreactive and warm parenting during toddlerhood and school-age externalizing problems, as well as the potential moderating effects of child effortful control (EC) on such associations using a longitudinal adoption design. The sample consisted of 225 adoption-linked families (adoptive parents, adopted child [124 male and 101 female] and birth parent[s]), thereby allowing for a more precise estimate of environmental influences on the association between parenting and child externalizing problems. Adoptive mothers’ warm parenting at 27 months predicted lower levels of child externalizing problems at ages 6 and 7. Child EC moderated this association in relation to teacher reports of school-age externalizing problems. Findings corroborate prior research with biological families that was not designed to unpack genetic and environmental influences on associations between parenting and child externalizing problems during childhood, highlighting the important role of parental warmth as an environmental influence.

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Voetnoten
1
A prior paper used a 3-item version (Leve et al. 2013); a 2-item version was used here due to reviewer feedback and improved reliability
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Warm Parenting and Effortful Control in Toddlerhood: Independent and Interactive Predictors of School-Age Externalizing Behavior
Auteurs
Julia D. Reuben
Daniel S. Shaw
Jenae M. Neiderhiser
Misaki N. Natsuaki
David Reiss
Leslie D. Leve
Publicatiedatum
26-10-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 6/2016
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-015-0096-6