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2022 | OriginalPaper | Hoofdstuk

17. Voeding

Auteurs: Dr. ir. M. Tieland, MSc J. van den Helder, MSc N. van der Spek, M. Benali, Dr. ir. J. D. Schoufour

Gepubliceerd in: Geriatrie in de fysiotherapie en kinesitherapie

Uitgeverij: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum

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Samenvatting

De vergrijzing neemt toe en een van de belangrijkste zorguitdagingen die daarmee gepaard gaat, is de toenemende prevalentie en incidentie van fysieke en cognitieve beperkingen van oudere volwassenen. Deze fysieke beperkingen hebben grote invloed op de zelfredzaamheid en vergroten de kans op ziekten, vallen en institutionalisering. De belangrijkste oorzaken zijn onder andere sarcopenie, ondervoeding, osteoporose, neurologische aandoeningen en metabole ziekten zoals obesitas en diabetes type 2. Voeding speelt een essentiële rol in het voorkomen en behandelen van deze leeftijdgerelateerde aandoeningen. Voedingsstoffen kunnen op zichzelf invloed hebben op gezondheid of ziekte, maar ook het belang van voedingspatronen en daarbij behorende voedingskeuzes wordt de laatste jaren steeds meer onderzocht. Tevens is er een duidelijke interactie tussen voeding en beweging in de preventie en behandeling van oudere volwassen. Zo is de invloed van adequate eiwitinname bevestigd op krachttraining bij kwetsbare senioren. De laatste jaren is de interdisciplinaire samenwerking tussen de fysiotherapeut/kinesitherapeut en diëtist toegenomen. Deze samenwerking lijkt juist bij de populatie oudere volwassen waardevol en behoeft daarom meer aandacht bij geriatrische professionals. Zeker gezien het synergetische effect op verschillende gezondheidsuitkomsten.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Voeding
Auteurs
Dr. ir. M. Tieland
MSc J. van den Helder
MSc N. van der Spek
M. Benali
Dr. ir. J. D. Schoufour
Copyright
2022
Uitgeverij
Bohn Stafleu van Loghum
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-368-2783-6_17