Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 2/2009

01-03-2009 | Original Article

Visuospatial attention and redundancy gain

Auteurs: Jeff Miller, Daniela Beutinger, Rolf Ulrich

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 2/2009

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Two experiments investigated the effect of visuospatial attention on redundancy gain in simple reaction time tasks. In each trial participants were given a central arrow cue indicating where a stimulus would most likely be presented (i.e., upper or lower half of the display in Experiment 1; left or right half of the display in Experiment 2). Then, a single stimulus or two redundant stimuli could be presented in either expected or unexpected locations. Replicating previous findings, responses were faster when stimuli appeared in expected rather than unexpected locations, and they were also faster when two redundant stimuli were presented than when only one was. Critically, redundancy gain was statistically equivalent for stimuli in expected and unexpected locations, suggesting that the effect of redundancy gain arises after the perceptual processes influenced by the allocation of visuospatial attention.
Voetnoten
1
Mordkoff, Miller, and Roch (1996) have argued, however, that response force could have been influenced by the number of stimuli rather than by the number of targets, though both factors are necessarily confounded in simple RT tasks. Mordkoff et al. used choice and go/no-go tasks to separate the two factors and found evidence for the notion that response force is modulated by the number of stimuli rather than by the number of targets. Because we are primarily concerned with localizing the RSE in simple RT tasks, however, we will not consider this issue further.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference Barr, M. S., & Corballis, M. C. (2003). Redundancy gain in the acallosal brain. Neuropsychology, 17, 213–220. PubMedCrossRef Barr, M. S., & Corballis, M. C. (2003). Redundancy gain in the acallosal brain. Neuropsychology, 17, 213–220. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Coles, M. G. H. (1989). Modern mind-brain reading: Psychophysiology, physiology, and cognition. Psychophysiology, 26, 251–269. PubMedCrossRef Coles, M. G. H. (1989). Modern mind-brain reading: Psychophysiology, physiology, and cognition. Psychophysiology, 26, 251–269. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Colonius, H. (1988). Modeling the redundant signals effect by specifying the hazard function. Perception and Psychophysics, 43, 604–606. PubMed Colonius, H. (1988). Modeling the redundant signals effect by specifying the hazard function. Perception and Psychophysics, 43, 604–606. PubMed
go back to reference Corballis, M. C. (1998). Interhemispheric neural summation in the absence of the corpus callosum. Brain, 121, 1795–1807. PubMedCrossRef Corballis, M. C. (1998). Interhemispheric neural summation in the absence of the corpus callosum. Brain, 121, 1795–1807. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Corballis, M. C. (2002). Hemispheric interactions in simple reaction time. Neuropsychologia, 40, 423–434. PubMedCrossRef Corballis, M. C. (2002). Hemispheric interactions in simple reaction time. Neuropsychologia, 40, 423–434. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Desimone, R., Chelazzi, L., Miller, E. K., & Duncan, J. (1995). Neuronal mechanisms of visual attention. In T. V. Papathomas & C. Chubb (Eds.), Early vision and beyond (pp. 219–226). Cambridge: MIT Press. Desimone, R., Chelazzi, L., Miller, E. K., & Duncan, J. (1995). Neuronal mechanisms of visual attention. In T. V. Papathomas & C. Chubb (Eds.), Early vision and beyond (pp. 219–226). Cambridge: MIT Press.
go back to reference Diederich, A. (1992). Intersensory facilitation: Race, superposition, and diffusion models for reaction time to multiple stimuli. Frankfurt: Peter Lang. Diederich, A. (1992). Intersensory facilitation: Race, superposition, and diffusion models for reaction time to multiple stimuli. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
go back to reference Diederich, A. (1995). Intersensory facilitation of reaction time: Evaluation of counter and diffusion coactivation models. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 39, 197–215. CrossRef Diederich, A. (1995). Intersensory facilitation of reaction time: Evaluation of counter and diffusion coactivation models. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 39, 197–215. CrossRef
go back to reference Diederich, A., & Colonius, H. (1987). Intersensory facilitation in the motor component? A reaction time analysis. Psychological Research, 49, 23–29. CrossRef Diederich, A., & Colonius, H. (1987). Intersensory facilitation in the motor component? A reaction time analysis. Psychological Research, 49, 23–29. CrossRef
go back to reference Diederich, A., & Colonius, H. (1991). A further test of the superposition model for the redundant signals effect in bimodal detection. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 83–86. Diederich, A., & Colonius, H. (1991). A further test of the superposition model for the redundant signals effect in bimodal detection. Perception & Psychophysics, 50, 83–86.
go back to reference Donders, F. C. (1868/1969). Over de snelheid van psychische processen. [On the speed of mental processes.] (W. G. Koster, Trans.). Attention and performance II (pp. 412–431). Amsterdam: North-Holland. (Original work published 1868) In W. G. Koster (Ed.), Attention and performance II (pp. 412–431). Amsterdam: North Holland. Donders, F. C. (1868/1969). Over de snelheid van psychische processen. [On the speed of mental processes.] (W. G. Koster, Trans.). Attention and performance II (pp. 412–431). Amsterdam: North-Holland. (Original work published 1868) In W. G. Koster (Ed.), Attention and performance II (pp. 412–431). Amsterdam: North Holland.
go back to reference Eimer, M. (1998). Mechanisms of visuospatial attention: Evidence from event-related potentials. Visual Cognition, 5, 257–286. CrossRef Eimer, M. (1998). Mechanisms of visuospatial attention: Evidence from event-related potentials. Visual Cognition, 5, 257–286. CrossRef
go back to reference Giray, M., & Ulrich, R. (1993). Motor coactivation revealed by response force in divided and focused attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19, 1278–1291. PubMedCrossRef Giray, M., & Ulrich, R. (1993). Motor coactivation revealed by response force in divided and focused attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19, 1278–1291. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gondan, M., Niederhaus, B., Rösler, F., & Röder, B. (2005). Multisensory processing in the redundant target effect: A behavioral and event-related potential study. Perception and Psychophysics, 67, 713–726. PubMed Gondan, M., Niederhaus, B., Rösler, F., & Röder, B. (2005). Multisensory processing in the redundant target effect: A behavioral and event-related potential study. Perception and Psychophysics, 67, 713–726. PubMed
go back to reference Gondan, M., & Röder, B. (2006). A new method for detecting interactions between the senses in event-related potentials. Brain Research, 1073–1074, 389–397. PubMedCrossRef Gondan, M., & Röder, B. (2006). A new method for detecting interactions between the senses in event-related potentials. Brain Research, 1073–1074, 389–397. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grice, G. R., & Canham, L. (1990). Redundancy phenomena are affected by response requirements. Perception & Psychophysics, 48, 209–213. Grice, G. R., & Canham, L. (1990). Redundancy phenomena are affected by response requirements. Perception & Psychophysics, 48, 209–213.
go back to reference Hein, E., Rolke, B., & Ulrich, R. (2006). Visual attention and temporal discrimination: Differential effects of automatic and voluntary cueing. Visual Cognition, 13, 29–50. CrossRef Hein, E., Rolke, B., & Ulrich, R. (2006). Visual attention and temporal discrimination: Differential effects of automatic and voluntary cueing. Visual Cognition, 13, 29–50. CrossRef
go back to reference Hughes, H. C., Reuter-Lorenz, P. A., Nozawa, G., & Fendrich, R. (1994). Visual-auditory interactions in sensorimotor processing: Saccades versus manual responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20, 131–153. PubMedCrossRef Hughes, H. C., Reuter-Lorenz, P. A., Nozawa, G., & Fendrich, R. (1994). Visual-auditory interactions in sensorimotor processing: Saccades versus manual responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20, 131–153. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Iacoboni, M., Ptito, A., Weekes, N. Y., & Zaidel, E. (2000). Parallel visuomotor processing in the split brain: Cortico-subcortical interactions. Brain, 123, 759–769. PubMedCrossRef Iacoboni, M., Ptito, A., Weekes, N. Y., & Zaidel, E. (2000). Parallel visuomotor processing in the split brain: Cortico-subcortical interactions. Brain, 123, 759–769. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Iacoboni, M., & Zaidel, E. (2003). Interhemispheric visuo-motor integration in humans: The effect of redundant targets. European Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 1981–1986. PubMedCrossRef Iacoboni, M., & Zaidel, E. (2003). Interhemispheric visuo-motor integration in humans: The effect of redundant targets. European Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 1981–1986. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Klein, R. M. (1994). Perceptual-motor expectancies interact with covert visual orienting under conditions of endogenous but not exogenous control. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48, 167–181. PubMedCrossRef Klein, R. M. (1994). Perceptual-motor expectancies interact with covert visual orienting under conditions of endogenous but not exogenous control. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48, 167–181. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Luce, R. D. (1986). Response times: Their role in inferring elementary mental organization. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Luce, R. D. (1986). Response times: Their role in inferring elementary mental organization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Mangun, G. R., Hillyard, S. A., & Luck, S. J. (1992). Electrocortical substrates of visual selective attention. In D. E. Meyer & S. Kornblum (Eds.), Attention and performance XIV. Synergies in experimental psychology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive neuroscience (pp. 219–243). Cambridge: MIT Press. Mangun, G. R., Hillyard, S. A., & Luck, S. J. (1992). Electrocortical substrates of visual selective attention. In D. E. Meyer & S. Kornblum (Eds.), Attention and performance XIV. Synergies in experimental psychology, artificial intelligence, and cognitive neuroscience (pp. 219–243). Cambridge: MIT Press.
go back to reference Meyer, D. E., Osman, A. M., Irwin, D. E., & Yantis, S. (1988). Modern mental chronometry. Biological Psychology, 26, 3–67. PubMedCrossRef Meyer, D. E., Osman, A. M., Irwin, D. E., & Yantis, S. (1988). Modern mental chronometry. Biological Psychology, 26, 3–67. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O. (1982). Divided attention: Evidence for coactivation with redundant signals. Cognitive Psychology, 14, 247–279. PubMedCrossRef Miller, J. O. (1982). Divided attention: Evidence for coactivation with redundant signals. Cognitive Psychology, 14, 247–279. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O. (1991). Channel interaction and the redundant targets effect in bimodal divided attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 17, 160–169. CrossRef Miller, J. O. (1991). Channel interaction and the redundant targets effect in bimodal divided attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 17, 160–169. CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O. (2004). Exaggerated redundancy gain in the split brain: A hemispheric coactivation account. Cognitive Psychology, 49, 118–154. PubMedCrossRef Miller, J. O. (2004). Exaggerated redundancy gain in the split brain: A hemispheric coactivation account. Cognitive Psychology, 49, 118–154. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O. (2007). Contralateral and ipsilateral motor activation in visual simple reaction time: A test of the hemispheric coactivation model. Experimental Brain Research, 176, 539–558. CrossRef Miller, J. O. (2007). Contralateral and ipsilateral motor activation in visual simple reaction time: A test of the hemispheric coactivation model. Experimental Brain Research, 176, 539–558. CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O., & Alderton, M. (2006). Backward response-level crosstalk in the psychological refractory period paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 32, 149–165. CrossRef Miller, J. O., & Alderton, M. (2006). Backward response-level crosstalk in the psychological refractory period paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 32, 149–165. CrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O., Kühlwein, E., & Ulrich, R. (2004). Effects of redundant visual stimuli on temporal order judgments. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 563–573. Miller, J. O., Kühlwein, E., & Ulrich, R. (2004). Effects of redundant visual stimuli on temporal order judgments. Perception & Psychophysics, 66, 563–573.
go back to reference Miller, J. O., & Schwarz, W. (2006). Dissociations between reaction times and temporal order judgments: A diffusion model approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 394–412. PubMedCrossRef Miller, J. O., & Schwarz, W. (2006). Dissociations between reaction times and temporal order judgments: A diffusion model approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 394–412. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O., & Ulrich, R. (2003). Simple reaction time and statistical facilitation: A parallel grains model. Cognitive Psychology, 46, 101–151. PubMedCrossRef Miller, J. O., & Ulrich, R. (2003). Simple reaction time and statistical facilitation: A parallel grains model. Cognitive Psychology, 46, 101–151. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Miller, J. O., Ulrich, R., & Lamarre, Y. (2001). Locus of the redundant-signals effect in bimodal divided attention: A neurophysiological analysis. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 555–562. Miller, J. O., Ulrich, R., & Lamarre, Y. (2001). Locus of the redundant-signals effect in bimodal divided attention: A neurophysiological analysis. Perception & Psychophysics, 63, 555–562.
go back to reference Miniussi, C., Girelli, M., & Marzi, C. A. (1998). Neural site of the redundant target effect: Electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 10, 216–230. PubMedCrossRef Miniussi, C., Girelli, M., & Marzi, C. A. (1998). Neural site of the redundant target effect: Electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 10, 216–230. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Molholm, S., Ritter, W., Murray, M. M., Javitt, D. C., Schroeder, C. E., & Foxe, J. J. (2002). Multisensory auditory-visual interactions during early sensory processing in humans: A high-density electrical mapping study. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 115–128. PubMedCrossRef Molholm, S., Ritter, W., Murray, M. M., Javitt, D. C., Schroeder, C. E., & Foxe, J. J. (2002). Multisensory auditory-visual interactions during early sensory processing in humans: A high-density electrical mapping study. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 115–128. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mordkoff, J. T., & Miller, J. O. (1993). Redundancy gains and coactivation with two different targets: The problem of target preferences and the effects of display frequency. Perception and Psychophysics, 53, 527–535. PubMed Mordkoff, J. T., & Miller, J. O. (1993). Redundancy gains and coactivation with two different targets: The problem of target preferences and the effects of display frequency. Perception and Psychophysics, 53, 527–535. PubMed
go back to reference Mordkoff, J. T., Miller, J. O., & Roch, A. C. (1996). Absence of coactivation in the motor component: Evidence from psychophysiological measures of target detection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 25–41. PubMedCrossRef Mordkoff, J. T., Miller, J. O., & Roch, A. C. (1996). Absence of coactivation in the motor component: Evidence from psychophysiological measures of target detection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 22, 25–41. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mordkoff, J. T., & Yantis, S. (1991). An interactive race model of divided attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 17, 520–538. PubMedCrossRef Mordkoff, J. T., & Yantis, S. (1991). An interactive race model of divided attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 17, 520–538. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mordkoff, J. T., & Yantis, S. (1993). Dividing attention between color and shape: Evidence of coactivation. Perception and Psychophysics, 53, 357–366. PubMed Mordkoff, J. T., & Yantis, S. (1993). Dividing attention between color and shape: Evidence of coactivation. Perception and Psychophysics, 53, 357–366. PubMed
go back to reference Mullin, P. A., Egeth, H. E., & Mordkoff, J. T. (1988). Redundant-target detection and processing capacity: The problem of positional preferences. Perception and Psychophysics, 43, 607–610. PubMed Mullin, P. A., Egeth, H. E., & Mordkoff, J. T. (1988). Redundant-target detection and processing capacity: The problem of positional preferences. Perception and Psychophysics, 43, 607–610. PubMed
go back to reference Murray, M. M., Foxe, J. J., Higgins, B. A., Javitt, D. C., & Schroeder, C. E. (2001). Visuo-spatial neural response interactions in early cortical processing during a simple reaction time task: A high-density electrical mapping study. Neuropsychologia, 39, 828–844. PubMedCrossRef Murray, M. M., Foxe, J. J., Higgins, B. A., Javitt, D. C., & Schroeder, C. E. (2001). Visuo-spatial neural response interactions in early cortical processing during a simple reaction time task: A high-density electrical mapping study. Neuropsychologia, 39, 828–844. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Näätänen, R. (1988). Implications of ERP data for psychological theories of attention. Biological Psychology, 26, 117–163. PubMedCrossRef Näätänen, R. (1988). Implications of ERP data for psychological theories of attention. Biological Psychology, 26, 117–163. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Neumann, O., & Niepel, M. (2004). Timing of perception and perception of time. In C. Kaernbach, E. Schröger, & H. Müller (Eds.), Psychophysics beyond sensation: Laws and invariants of human cognition (pp. 245–269). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum. Neumann, O., & Niepel, M. (2004). Timing of perception and perception of time. In C. Kaernbach, E. Schröger, & H. Müller (Eds.), Psychophysics beyond sensation: Laws and invariants of human cognition (pp. 245–269). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.
go back to reference Oldfield, R. C. (1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9, 97–113. PubMedCrossRef Oldfield, R. C. (1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9, 97–113. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Plat, F. M., Praamstra, P., & Horstink, M. W. I. M. (2000). Redundant-signals effects on reaction time, response force, and movement-related potentials in Parkinson’s disease. Experimental Brain Research, 130, 533–539. CrossRef Plat, F. M., Praamstra, P., & Horstink, M. W. I. M. (2000). Redundant-signals effects on reaction time, response force, and movement-related potentials in Parkinson’s disease. Experimental Brain Research, 130, 533–539. CrossRef
go back to reference Posner, M. I., Snyder, C., & Davidson, B. (1980). Attention and the detection of signals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 109, 160–174. CrossRef Posner, M. I., Snyder, C., & Davidson, B. (1980). Attention and the detection of signals. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 109, 160–174. CrossRef
go back to reference Raab, D. H. (1962). Statistical facilitation of simple reaction times. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 24, 574–590. PubMed Raab, D. H. (1962). Statistical facilitation of simple reaction times. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 24, 574–590. PubMed
go back to reference Reuter-Lorenz, P. A., Nozawa, G., Gazzaniga, M. S., & Hughes, H. C. (1995). Fate of neglected targets: A chronometric analysis of redundant target effects in the bisected brain. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 211–230. PubMedCrossRef Reuter-Lorenz, P. A., Nozawa, G., Gazzaniga, M. S., & Hughes, H. C. (1995). Fate of neglected targets: A chronometric analysis of redundant target effects in the bisected brain. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21, 211–230. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Savazzi, S., & Marzi, C. A. (2004). The superior colliculus subserves interhemispheric neural summation in both normals and patients with a total section or agenesis of the corpus callosum. Neuropsychologia, 42, 1608–1618. PubMedCrossRef Savazzi, S., & Marzi, C. A. (2004). The superior colliculus subserves interhemispheric neural summation in both normals and patients with a total section or agenesis of the corpus callosum. Neuropsychologia, 42, 1608–1618. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schröger, E., & Widmann, A. (1998). Speeded responses to audiovisual signal changes result from bimodal integration. Psychophysiology, 35, 755–759. PubMedCrossRef Schröger, E., & Widmann, A. (1998). Speeded responses to audiovisual signal changes result from bimodal integration. Psychophysiology, 35, 755–759. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schröter, H., Ulrich, R., & Miller, J. O. (2007). Effects of redundant auditory stimuli on reaction time. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 14, 39–44. PubMed Schröter, H., Ulrich, R., & Miller, J. O. (2007). Effects of redundant auditory stimuli on reaction time. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 14, 39–44. PubMed
go back to reference Schulte, T., Chen, S. H. A., Müller-Oehring, E. M., Adalsteinsson, E., Pfefferbaum, A., & Sullivan, E. V. (2006). fMRI evidence for individual differences in premotor modulation of extrastriatal visual–perceptual processing of redundant targets. NeuroImage, 30, 973–982. PubMedCrossRef Schulte, T., Chen, S. H. A., Müller-Oehring, E. M., Adalsteinsson, E., Pfefferbaum, A., & Sullivan, E. V. (2006). fMRI evidence for individual differences in premotor modulation of extrastriatal visual–perceptual processing of redundant targets. NeuroImage, 30, 973–982. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schwarz, W. (1989). A new model to explain the redundant-signals effect. Perception and Psychophysics, 46, 498–500. PubMed Schwarz, W. (1989). A new model to explain the redundant-signals effect. Perception and Psychophysics, 46, 498–500. PubMed
go back to reference Schwarz, W. (1994). Diffusion, superposition, and the redundant-targets effect. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 38, 504–520. CrossRef Schwarz, W. (1994). Diffusion, superposition, and the redundant-targets effect. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 38, 504–520. CrossRef
go back to reference Schwarz, W. (2006). On the relation between the redundant signals effect and temporal order judgments: Parametric data and a new model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 558–573. PubMedCrossRef Schwarz, W. (2006). On the relation between the redundant signals effect and temporal order judgments: Parametric data and a new model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 32, 558–573. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schwarz, W., & Ischebeck, A. (1994). Coactivation and statistical facilitation in the detection of lines. Perception, 23, 157–168. PubMedCrossRef Schwarz, W., & Ischebeck, A. (1994). Coactivation and statistical facilitation in the detection of lines. Perception, 23, 157–168. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Teder-Sälejärvi, W. A., McDonald, J. J., Di Russo, F. D., & Hillyard, S. A. (2002). An analysis of audio-visual crossmodal integration by means of event-related potential (ERP) recordings. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 106–114. PubMedCrossRef Teder-Sälejärvi, W. A., McDonald, J. J., Di Russo, F. D., & Hillyard, S. A. (2002). An analysis of audio-visual crossmodal integration by means of event-related potential (ERP) recordings. Cognitive Brain Research, 14, 106–114. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Theeuwes, J. (1994). The effects of location cuing on redundant-target processing. Psychological Research, 57, 15–19. PubMedCrossRef Theeuwes, J. (1994). The effects of location cuing on redundant-target processing. Psychological Research, 57, 15–19. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Todd, J. W. (1912). Reaction to multiple stimuli. Archives of Psychology, 25, 1–65. Todd, J. W. (1912). Reaction to multiple stimuli. Archives of Psychology, 25, 1–65.
go back to reference Townsend, J. T., & Nozawa, G. (1988). Strong evidence for parallel processing with simple dot stimuli. Presentation at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, 29th, Chicago, November. Townsend, J. T., & Nozawa, G. (1988). Strong evidence for parallel processing with simple dot stimuli. Presentation at the annual meeting of the Psychonomic Society, 29th, Chicago, November.
go back to reference Townsend, J. T., & Nozawa, G. (1995). Spatio-temporal properties of elementary perception: An investigation of parallel, serial, and coactive theories. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 39, 321–359. CrossRef Townsend, J. T., & Nozawa, G. (1995). Spatio-temporal properties of elementary perception: An investigation of parallel, serial, and coactive theories. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 39, 321–359. CrossRef
go back to reference Townsend, J. T., & Nozawa, G. (1997). Serial exhaustive models can violate the race model inequality: Implications for architecture and capacity. Psychological Review, 104, 595–602. CrossRef Townsend, J. T., & Nozawa, G. (1997). Serial exhaustive models can violate the race model inequality: Implications for architecture and capacity. Psychological Review, 104, 595–602. CrossRef
go back to reference Turatto, M., & Betta, E. (2006). Redundant visual signals boost saccade execution. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 13, 928–932. PubMed Turatto, M., & Betta, E. (2006). Redundant visual signals boost saccade execution. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 13, 928–932. PubMed
go back to reference Ulrich, R., & Miller, J. O. (1997). Tests of race models for reaction time in experiments with asynchronous redundant signals. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 41, 367–381. PubMedCrossRef Ulrich, R., & Miller, J. O. (1997). Tests of race models for reaction time in experiments with asynchronous redundant signals. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 41, 367–381. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ulrich, R., Miller, J. O., & Schröter, H. (2007). Testing the race model inequality: An algorithm and computer programs. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 291–302. PubMed Ulrich, R., Miller, J. O., & Schröter, H. (2007). Testing the race model inequality: An algorithm and computer programs. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 291–302. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Visuospatial attention and redundancy gain
Auteurs
Jeff Miller
Daniela Beutinger
Rolf Ulrich
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer-Verlag
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 2/2009
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-008-0212-0