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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2008

01-03-2008 | Original Paper

Visuo-spatial Processing in Autism—Testing the Predictions of Extreme Male Brain Theory

Auteurs: Christine M. Falter, Kate C. Plaisted, Greg Davis

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2008

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Abstract

It has been hypothesised that autism is an extreme version of the male brain, caused by high levels of prenatal testosterone (Baron-Cohen 1999). To test this proposal, associations were assessed between three visuo-spatial tasks and prenatal testosterone, indexed in second-to-fourth digit length ratios (2D:4D). The study included children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, ASD (= 28), and chronological as well as mental age matched typically-developing children (= 31). While the group with ASD outperformed the control group at Mental Rotation and Figure-Disembedding, these group differences were not related to differences in prenatal testosterone level. Previous findings of an association between Targeting and 2D:4D were replicated in typically-developing children and children with ASD. The implications of these results for the extreme male brain (EMB) theory of autism are discussed.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Visuo-spatial Processing in Autism—Testing the Predictions of Extreme Male Brain Theory
Auteurs
Christine M. Falter
Kate C. Plaisted
Greg Davis
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2008
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-007-0419-8