Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2014

01-12-2014 | Original Paper

Visuo-Spatial Performance in Autism: A Meta-analysis

Auteurs: Anne Muth, Johannes Hönekopp, Christine M. Falter

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2014

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Visuo-spatial skills are believed to be enhanced in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This meta-analysis tests the current state of evidence for Figure Disembedding, Block Design, Mental Rotation and Navon tasks in ASD and neurotypicals. Block Design (d = 0.32) and Figure Disembedding (d = 0.26) showed superior performance for ASD with large heterogeneity that is unaccounted for. No clear differences were found for Mental Rotation. ASD samples showed a stronger local processing preference for Navon tasks (d = 0.35); less clear evidence for performance differences of a similar magnitude emerged. We discuss the meta-analysis results together with other findings relating to visuo-spatial processing and three cognitive theories of ASD: Weak Central Coherence, Enhanced Perceptual Functioning and Extreme Male Brain theory.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Text Revision. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
go back to reference Barbeau, E. B., Soulieres, I., Dawson, M., Zeffiro, T. A., & Mottron, L. (2013). The level and nature of autistic intelligence III: Inspection time. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122(1), 295–301. doi: 10.​1037/​a0029984. PubMedCrossRef Barbeau, E. B., Soulieres, I., Dawson, M., Zeffiro, T. A., & Mottron, L. (2013). The level and nature of autistic intelligence III: Inspection time. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122(1), 295–301. doi: 10.​1037/​a0029984. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S. (1999). The extreme male-brain theory of autism. In H. Tager-Flusberg & H. Tager-Flusberg (Eds.), Neurodevelopmental disorders (pp. 401–429). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Baron-Cohen, S. (1999). The extreme male-brain theory of autism. In H. Tager-Flusberg & H. Tager-Flusberg (Eds.), Neurodevelopmental disorders (pp. 401–429). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
go back to reference Beacher, F. C., Radulescu, E., Minati, L., Baron-Cohen, S., Lombardo, M. V., Lai, M., & Critchley, H. D. (2012). Sex differences and autism: Brain function during verbal fluency and mental rotation. Plos ONE, 7(6). doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0038355. Beacher, F. C., Radulescu, E., Minati, L., Baron-Cohen, S., Lombardo, M. V., Lai, M., & Critchley, H. D. (2012). Sex differences and autism: Brain function during verbal fluency and mental rotation. Plos ONE, 7(6). doi: 10.​1371/​journal.​pone.​0038355.
go back to reference Bölte, S., Holtmann, M., Poustka, F., Scheurich, A., & Schmidt, L. (2007). Gestalt perception and local–global processing in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1493–1504. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0231-x. PubMedCrossRef Bölte, S., Holtmann, M., Poustka, F., Scheurich, A., & Schmidt, L. (2007). Gestalt perception and local–global processing in high-functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1493–1504. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0231-x. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bölte, S., Hubl, D., Dierks, T., Holtmann, M., & Poustka, F. (2008). An fMRI-study of locally oriented perception in autism: Altered early visual processing of the block design test. Journal of Neural Transmission (Vienna, Austria: 1996), 115(3), 545–552. CrossRef Bölte, S., Hubl, D., Dierks, T., Holtmann, M., & Poustka, F. (2008). An fMRI-study of locally oriented perception in autism: Altered early visual processing of the block design test. Journal of Neural Transmission (Vienna, Austria: 1996), 115(3), 545–552. CrossRef
go back to reference Borenstein, M., Hedges, L., Higgins, J., & Rothstein, H. (2005). Comprehensive meta analysis (Version 2.2) [software]. Englewood, NJ: Biostat. Borenstein, M., Hedges, L., Higgins, J., & Rothstein, H. (2005). Comprehensive meta analysis (Version 2.2) [software]. Englewood, NJ: Biostat.
go back to reference Brosnan, M. J., Gwilliam, L. R., & Walker, I. (2012). Brief report: The relationship between visual acuity, the embedded figures test and systemizing in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(11), 2491–2497. PubMedCrossRef Brosnan, M. J., Gwilliam, L. R., & Walker, I. (2012). Brief report: The relationship between visual acuity, the embedded figures test and systemizing in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42(11), 2491–2497. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Burnette, C., Mundy, P., Meyer, J., Sutton, S., Vaughan, A., & Charak, D. (2005). Weak central coherence and its relations to theory of mind and anxiety in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(1), 63–73. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-004-1035-5. PubMedCrossRef Burnette, C., Mundy, P., Meyer, J., Sutton, S., Vaughan, A., & Charak, D. (2005). Weak central coherence and its relations to theory of mind and anxiety in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(1), 63–73. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-004-1035-5. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Caron, M., Mottron, L., Rainville, C., & Chouinard, S. (2004). Do high functioning persons with autism present superior spatial abilities? Neuropsychologia, 42(4), 467–481. PubMedCrossRef Caron, M., Mottron, L., Rainville, C., & Chouinard, S. (2004). Do high functioning persons with autism present superior spatial abilities? Neuropsychologia, 42(4), 467–481. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Damarla, S. R., Keller, T. A., Kana, R. K., Cherkassky, V. L., Williams, D. L., Minshew, N. J., et al. (2010). Cortical underconnectivity coupled with preserved visuospatial cognition in autism: Evidence from an fMRI study of an embedded figures task. Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research, 3(5), 273–279. CrossRef Damarla, S. R., Keller, T. A., Kana, R. K., Cherkassky, V. L., Williams, D. L., Minshew, N. J., et al. (2010). Cortical underconnectivity coupled with preserved visuospatial cognition in autism: Evidence from an fMRI study of an embedded figures task. Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research, 3(5), 273–279. CrossRef
go back to reference de Jonge, M. V., Kemner, C., & van Engeland, H. (2006). Superior disembedding performance of high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders and their parents: The need for subtle measures. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(5), 677–683. PubMedCrossRef de Jonge, M. V., Kemner, C., & van Engeland, H. (2006). Superior disembedding performance of high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders and their parents: The need for subtle measures. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(5), 677–683. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Drake, J. E. (2013). Is superior local processing in the visuospatial domain a function of drawing talent rather than autism spectrum disorder? Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts, 7(2), 203–209. doi: 10.​1037/​a0030636. CrossRef Drake, J. E. (2013). Is superior local processing in the visuospatial domain a function of drawing talent rather than autism spectrum disorder? Psychology of Aesthetics Creativity and the Arts, 7(2), 203–209. doi: 10.​1037/​a0030636. CrossRef
go back to reference Edgin, J. O., & Pennington, B. F. (2005). Spatial cognition in autism spectrum disorders: Superior, impaired, or just intact? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(6), 729–745. PubMedCrossRef Edgin, J. O., & Pennington, B. F. (2005). Spatial cognition in autism spectrum disorders: Superior, impaired, or just intact? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35(6), 729–745. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Falter, C. M., Plaisted, K. C., & Davis, G. (2008). Visuo-spatial processing in autism—Testing the predictions of extreme male brain theory. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), 507–515. PubMedCrossRef Falter, C. M., Plaisted, K. C., & Davis, G. (2008). Visuo-spatial processing in autism—Testing the predictions of extreme male brain theory. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(3), 507–515. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hamilton, A. F., Brindley, R., & Frith, U. (2009). Visual perspective taking impairment in children with autistic spectrum disorder. Cognition, 113(1), 37–44. PubMedCrossRef Hamilton, A. F., Brindley, R., & Frith, U. (2009). Visual perspective taking impairment in children with autistic spectrum disorder. Cognition, 113(1), 37–44. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Happé, F., & Frith, U. (2006). The weak coherence account: Detail-focused cognitive style in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(1), 5–25. PubMedCrossRef Happé, F., & Frith, U. (2006). The weak coherence account: Detail-focused cognitive style in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(1), 5–25. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hines, M. (2004). Brain gender. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Hines, M. (2004). Brain gender. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Hönekopp, J. (2012). Digit ratio 2D:4D in relation to autism spectrum disorders, empathizing, and systemizing: A quantitative review. Autism Research, 5, 221–230. PubMedCrossRef Hönekopp, J. (2012). Digit ratio 2D:4D in relation to autism spectrum disorders, empathizing, and systemizing: A quantitative review. Autism Research, 5, 221–230. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ishida, R., & Kamio, Y. (2009). Perceptual distortions of visual illusions in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Psychologia, 52, 175–187. CrossRef Ishida, R., & Kamio, Y. (2009). Perceptual distortions of visual illusions in children with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Psychologia, 52, 175–187. CrossRef
go back to reference Jarrold, C., Gilchrist, I. D., & Bender, A. (2005). Embedded figures detection in autism and typical development: Preliminary evidence of a double dissociation in relationships with visual search. Developmental Science, 8(4), 344–351. PubMedCrossRef Jarrold, C., Gilchrist, I. D., & Bender, A. (2005). Embedded figures detection in autism and typical development: Preliminary evidence of a double dissociation in relationships with visual search. Developmental Science, 8(4), 344–351. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kaland, N., Mortensen, E. L., & Smith, L. (2007). Disembedding performance in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 11(1), 81–92. CrossRef Kaland, N., Mortensen, E. L., & Smith, L. (2007). Disembedding performance in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 11(1), 81–92. CrossRef
go back to reference Katagiri, M., Kasai, T., Kamio, Y., & Murohashi, H. (2013). Individuals with Asperger’s disorder exhibit difficulty in switching attention from a local level to a global level. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(2), 395–403. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-012-1578-9. PubMedCrossRef Katagiri, M., Kasai, T., Kamio, Y., & Murohashi, H. (2013). Individuals with Asperger’s disorder exhibit difficulty in switching attention from a local level to a global level. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43(2), 395–403. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-012-1578-9. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lee, P. S., Foss-Feig, J., Henderson, J. G., Kenworthy, L. E., Gilotty, L., Gaillard, W. D., et al. (2007). Atypical neural substrates of embedded figures task performance in children with autism spectrum disorder. NeuroImage, 38, 184–193. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Lee, P. S., Foss-Feig, J., Henderson, J. G., Kenworthy, L. E., Gilotty, L., Gaillard, W. D., et al. (2007). Atypical neural substrates of embedded figures task performance in children with autism spectrum disorder. NeuroImage, 38, 184–193. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Malisza, K. L., Clancy, C., Shiloff, D., Foreman, D., Holden, J., Jones, C., et al. (2011). Functional evaluation of hidden figures object analysis in children with autistic disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 13–22. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-010-1013-z. PubMedCrossRef Malisza, K. L., Clancy, C., Shiloff, D., Foreman, D., Holden, J., Jones, C., et al. (2011). Functional evaluation of hidden figures object analysis in children with autistic disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 13–22. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-010-1013-z. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Manjaly, Z. M., Bruning, N., Neufang, S., Stephan, K. E., Brieber, S., Marshall, J. C., et al. (2007). Neurophysiological correlates of relatively enhanced local visual search in autistic adolescents. NeuroImage, 35(1), 283–291. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Manjaly, Z. M., Bruning, N., Neufang, S., Stephan, K. E., Brieber, S., Marshall, J. C., et al. (2007). Neurophysiological correlates of relatively enhanced local visual search in autistic adolescents. NeuroImage, 35(1), 283–291. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Manning, J. T., Kilduff, L. P., & Trivers, R. (2013). Digit ratio (2D:4D) in Klinefelter’s syndrome. Andrology, 1, 94–99. PubMedCrossRef Manning, J. T., Kilduff, L. P., & Trivers, R. (2013). Digit ratio (2D:4D) in Klinefelter’s syndrome. Andrology, 1, 94–99. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McGrath, J., Johnson, K., Ecker, C., O’Hanlon, E., Gill, M., Gallagher, L., et al. (2012). Atypical visuospatial processing in autism: Insights from functional connectivity analysis. Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research, 5(5), 314–330. CrossRef McGrath, J., Johnson, K., Ecker, C., O’Hanlon, E., Gill, M., Gallagher, L., et al. (2012). Atypical visuospatial processing in autism: Insights from functional connectivity analysis. Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research, 5(5), 314–330. CrossRef
go back to reference Mottron, L., & Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In Charman. Burack & Zelazo. Yirmiya (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 131–148). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Mottron, L., & Burack, J. (2001). Enhanced perceptual functioning in the development of autism. In Charman. Burack & Zelazo. Yirmiya (Eds.), The development of autism: Perspectives from theory and research (pp. 131–148). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
go back to reference Mottron, L., Burack, J., Stauder, J., & Robaey, P. (1999). Perceptual processing among high-functioning persons with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(2), 203–211. doi: 10.​1017/​S002196309800333​3. CrossRef Mottron, L., Burack, J., Stauder, J., & Robaey, P. (1999). Perceptual processing among high-functioning persons with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 40(2), 203–211. doi: 10.​1017/​S002196309800333​3. CrossRef
go back to reference Mottron, L., Dawson, M., Soulières, I., Hubert, B., & Burack, J. (2006). Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: An update, and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(1), 27–43. PubMedCrossRef Mottron, L., Dawson, M., Soulières, I., Hubert, B., & Burack, J. (2006). Enhanced perceptual functioning in autism: An update, and eight principles of autistic perception. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(1), 27–43. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32(7), 1081–1105. PubMedCrossRef Ozonoff, S., Pennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 32(7), 1081–1105. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Palmer, A. R. (2000). Quasireplication and the contract of error: Lessons from sex ratios, heritabilities, and fluctuating asymmetry. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, 441–480. CrossRef Palmer, A. R. (2000). Quasireplication and the contract of error: Lessons from sex ratios, heritabilities, and fluctuating asymmetry. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, 441–480. CrossRef
go back to reference Pellicano, E., Maybery, M., Durkin, K., & Maley, A. (2006). Multiple cognitive capabilities/deficits in children with an autism spectrum disorder: ‘Weak’ central coherence and its relationship to theory of mind and executive control. Development and Psychopathology, 18(1), 77–98. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940606005​6. PubMedCrossRef Pellicano, E., Maybery, M., Durkin, K., & Maley, A. (2006). Multiple cognitive capabilities/deficits in children with an autism spectrum disorder: ‘Weak’ central coherence and its relationship to theory of mind and executive control. Development and Psychopathology, 18(1), 77–98. doi: 10.​1017/​S095457940606005​6. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Plaisted, K. C., O’Riordan, M., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1998). Enhanced visual search for a conjunctive target in autism: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39(5), 777–783. PubMedCrossRef Plaisted, K. C., O’Riordan, M., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1998). Enhanced visual search for a conjunctive target in autism: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39(5), 777–783. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Plaisted, K. C., Swettenham, J., & Rees, L. (1999). Children with autism show local precedence in a divided attention task and global precedence in a selective attention task. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(5), 733–742. doi: 10.​1111/​1469-7610.​00489. PubMedCrossRef Plaisted, K. C., Swettenham, J., & Rees, L. (1999). Children with autism show local precedence in a divided attention task and global precedence in a selective attention task. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40(5), 733–742. doi: 10.​1111/​1469-7610.​00489. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Planche, P., & Lemonnier, E. (2011). Le pic d’habileté aux tâches visuospatiales chez les autistes de haut niveau désigne-t-il vraiment un déficit du traitement global? (Does the islet of ability on visuospatial tasks in children with high-functioning autism really indicate a deficit in global processing?). L’Encéphale, 37, 10–17. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​encep.​2010.​03.​007. PubMedCrossRef Planche, P., & Lemonnier, E. (2011). Le pic d’habileté aux tâches visuospatiales chez les autistes de haut niveau désigne-t-il vraiment un déficit du traitement global? (Does the islet of ability on visuospatial tasks in children with high-functioning autism really indicate a deficit in global processing?). L’Encéphale, 37, 10–17. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​encep.​2010.​03.​007. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Pring, L., Ryder, N., Crane, L., & Hermelin, B. (2010). Local and global processing in savant artists with autism. Perception, 39(8), 1094–1103. PubMedCrossRef Pring, L., Ryder, N., Crane, L., & Hermelin, B. (2010). Local and global processing in savant artists with autism. Perception, 39(8), 1094–1103. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Raudenbush, S. W. (1994). Random effects models. In H. Cooper & L. V. Hedges (Eds.), The handbook of research synthesis (pp. 301–322). New York: Russel Sage Foundation. Raudenbush, S. W. (1994). Random effects models. In H. Cooper & L. V. Hedges (Eds.), The handbook of research synthesis (pp. 301–322). New York: Russel Sage Foundation.
go back to reference Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J., Moss, S., Brereton, A., & Tonge, B. (2000). A typical interference of local detail on global processing in high-functioning autism and Asperger’s disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41(6), 769–778. doi: 10.​1017/​S002196309900596​X. CrossRef Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J., Moss, S., Brereton, A., & Tonge, B. (2000). A typical interference of local detail on global processing in high-functioning autism and Asperger’s disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 41(6), 769–778. doi: 10.​1017/​S002196309900596​X. CrossRef
go back to reference Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (2001). Susceptibility to illusions and performance on visuospatial tasks in individuals with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42(4), 539–549. PubMedCrossRef Ropar, D., & Mitchell, P. (2001). Susceptibility to illusions and performance on visuospatial tasks in individuals with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42(4), 539–549. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Scheurich, A., Fellgiebel, A., Müller, M. J., Poustka, F., & Bölte, S. (2010). Erfasst der FBT lokale visuelle Informationsverarbeitung bei Autismus-Spektrum-Störungen? Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 38(2), 103–110. doi: 10.​1024/​1422-4917/​a000017. PubMedCrossRef Scheurich, A., Fellgiebel, A., Müller, M. J., Poustka, F., & Bölte, S. (2010). Erfasst der FBT lokale visuelle Informationsverarbeitung bei Autismus-Spektrum-Störungen? Zeitschrift für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, 38(2), 103–110. doi: 10.​1024/​1422-4917/​a000017. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schlooz, W. M., Hulstijn, W., van den Broek, P. A., van der Pijll, A. M., Gabreëls, F., van der Gaag, R. J., et al. (2006). Fragmented visuospatial processing in children with pervasive developmental disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(8), 1025–1037. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0140. PubMedCrossRef Schlooz, W. M., Hulstijn, W., van den Broek, P. A., van der Pijll, A. M., Gabreëls, F., van der Gaag, R. J., et al. (2006). Fragmented visuospatial processing in children with pervasive developmental disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(8), 1025–1037. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-006-0140. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1983). An islet of ability in autistic children: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 24(4), 613–620. PubMedCrossRef Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1983). An islet of ability in autistic children: A research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 24(4), 613–620. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1993). Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the Block Design task? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34(8), 1351–1364. PubMedCrossRef Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1993). Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the Block Design task? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34(8), 1351–1364. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Shepard, R. N., & Metzler, J. (1971). Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects. Science, 171, 701–703. PubMedCrossRef Shepard, R. N., & Metzler, J. (1971). Mental rotation of three-dimensional objects. Science, 171, 701–703. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Silk, T. J., Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J. L., Tonge, B., Egan, G., & O’Boyle, M. (2006). Visuospatial processing and the function of prefrontal-parietal networks in autism spectrum disorders: A functional MRI study. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(8), 1440–1443. PubMedCrossRef Silk, T. J., Rinehart, N., Bradshaw, J. L., Tonge, B., Egan, G., & O’Boyle, M. (2006). Visuospatial processing and the function of prefrontal-parietal networks in autism spectrum disorders: A functional MRI study. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 163(8), 1440–1443. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Simmons, D. R., Robertson, A. E., McKay, L. S., Toal, E., McAleer, P., & Pollick, F. E. (2009). Vision in autism spectrum disorders. Vision Research, 49(22), 2705–2739. PubMedCrossRef Simmons, D. R., Robertson, A. E., McKay, L. S., Toal, E., McAleer, P., & Pollick, F. E. (2009). Vision in autism spectrum disorders. Vision Research, 49(22), 2705–2739. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Soulieres, I., Zeffiro, T. A., Girard, M. L., & Mottron, L. (2011). Enhanced mental image mapping in autism. Neuropsychologia, 49(5), 848–857. PubMedCrossRef Soulieres, I., Zeffiro, T. A., Girard, M. L., & Mottron, L. (2011). Enhanced mental image mapping in autism. Neuropsychologia, 49(5), 848–857. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spek, A. A., Scholte, E. M., & Van Berckelaer-Onnes, I. A. (2011). Local information processing in adults with high functioning autism and asperger syndrome: The usefulness of neuropsychological tests and self-reports. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(7), 859–869. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-010-1106-8. Spek, A. A., Scholte, E. M., & Van Berckelaer-Onnes, I. A. (2011). Local information processing in adults with high functioning autism and asperger syndrome: The usefulness of neuropsychological tests and self-reports. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(7), 859–869. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-010-1106-8.
go back to reference Taylor, L. J., Maybery, M. T., Grayndler, L., & Whitehouse, A. J. O. (2013). Evidence for distinct cognitive profiles in autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-013-1847-2. Taylor, L. J., Maybery, M. T., Grayndler, L., & Whitehouse, A. J. O. (2013). Evidence for distinct cognitive profiles in autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. doi: 10.​1007/​s10803-013-1847-2.
go back to reference van Lang, D. J., Bouma, A., Sytema, S., Kraijer, D. W., & Minderaa, R. B. (2006). A comparison of central coherence skills between adolescents with an intellectual disability with and without comorbid autism spectrum disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 27, 217–226. PubMedCrossRef van Lang, D. J., Bouma, A., Sytema, S., Kraijer, D. W., & Minderaa, R. B. (2006). A comparison of central coherence skills between adolescents with an intellectual disability with and without comorbid autism spectrum disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 27, 217–226. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wang, L., Mottron, L., Peng, D., Berthiaume, C., & Dawson, M. (2007). Local bias and local-to-global interference without global deficit: A robust finding in autism under various conditions of attention, exposure time, and visual angle. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 24(5), 550–574. doi: 10.​1080/​1354680070141709​6. PubMedCrossRef Wang, L., Mottron, L., Peng, D., Berthiaume, C., & Dawson, M. (2007). Local bias and local-to-global interference without global deficit: A robust finding in autism under various conditions of attention, exposure time, and visual angle. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 24(5), 550–574. doi: 10.​1080/​1354680070141709​6. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1974). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children—Revised. New York: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1974). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children—Revised. New York: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1981). Wechsler adult intelligence scales—Revised. New York: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1981). Wechsler adult intelligence scales—Revised. New York: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference White, S. J., & Saldana, D. (2011). Performance of children with autism on the embedded figures test: A closer look at a popular task. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(11), 1565–1572. PubMedCrossRef White, S. J., & Saldana, D. (2011). Performance of children with autism on the embedded figures test: A closer look at a popular task. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41(11), 1565–1572. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the embedded figures test. California: Consulting Psychologists Press. Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the embedded figures test. California: Consulting Psychologists Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Visuo-Spatial Performance in Autism: A Meta-analysis
Auteurs
Anne Muth
Johannes Hönekopp
Christine M. Falter
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2188-5