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Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 8/2021

10-11-2020 | Original Article

Visual statistical learning in children and adults: evidence from probability cueing

Auteurs: Yingying Yang, Qiongya Song

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 8/2021

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Abstract

In visual statistical learning (VSL), one can extract and exhibit memory for the statistical regularities of target locations in an incidental manner. The current study examined the development of VSL using the probability cueing paradigm with salient perceptual cues. We also investigated the elicited attention gradient phenomenon in VSL. In a visual search task, the target first appeared more often in one quadrant (i.e., rich) than the other quadrants (i.e., sparse). Then, the participants rotated the screen by 90° and the targets appeared in the four quadrants with equal probabilities. Each quadrant had a unique background color and was, hence, associated with salient perceptual cues. 1st–4th graders and adults participated. All participants showed probability cueing effects to a similar extent. We observed an attention gradient phenomenon, as all participants responded slower to the sparse quadrant that was distant from, rather than the ones that were adjacent to the rich quadrant. In the testing phase, all age groups showed persistent attentional biases based on both egocentric and allocentric perspectives. These findings showed that probability cueing effects may develop early, that perceptual cues can bias attention guidance during VSL for both children and adults, and that VSL can elicit a spaced-based attention gradient phenomenon for children and adults.
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If we use the critical t value of 3.182 (df = 3, since there are 4 epochs), only 7 subjects’ results were significant.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Visual statistical learning in children and adults: evidence from probability cueing
Auteurs
Yingying Yang
Qiongya Song
Publicatiedatum
10-11-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 8/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01445-7