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01-11-2014 | Original Paper | Uitgave 11/2014

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 11/2014

Visual Search and Emotion: How Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Scan Emotional Scenes

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 11/2014
Auteurs:
Lisa Maccari, Augusto Pasini, Emanuela Caroli, Caterina Rosa, Andrea Marotta, Diana Martella, Luis J. Fuentes, Maria Casagrande

Abstract

This study assessed visual search abilities, tested through the flicker task, in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Twenty-two children diagnosed with ASD and 22 matched typically developing (TD) children were told to detect changes in objects of central interest or objects of marginal interest (MI) embedded in either emotion-laden (positive or negative) or neutral real-world pictures. The results showed that emotion-laden pictures equally interfered with performance of both ASD and TD children, slowing down reaction times compared with neutral pictures. Children with ASD were faster than TD children, particularly in detecting changes in MI objects, the most difficult condition. However, their performance was less accurate than performance of TD children just when the pictures were negative. These findings suggest that children with ASD have better visual search abilities than TD children only when the search is particularly difficult and requires strong serial search strategies. The emotional–social impairment that is usually considered as a typical feature of ASD seems to be limited to processing of negative emotional information.

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