Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2022

04-05-2021 | Original Paper

Visual Detection and Decoding Skills of Aerial Photography by Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Auteurs: Hadas Marciano, Eynat Gal, Ruth Kimchi, Darren Hedley, Yael Goldfarb, Yoram S. Bonneh

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2022

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Despite challenges in social communication skills people with ASD often display strengths in visual processing. Aerial photography analysis is an occupation reliant on strong visual processing skills that matches this unique profile. We investigated basic-vision and “real-life” visual tasks in 20 cognitively-able young adults with ASD and 20 typically-developed (TD) “gamers”. Basic-vision tests included Visual-Search, Embedded-Figures, and Vigilance; “real-life” tests included aerial-photograph detection and identification. Groups performed equally well, and did not differ significantly on any tasks. The study demonstrates strong visual skills in people with ASD in basic and “real-life” settings, and supports the idea that they may be well suited for employment in occupations that demand high visual perception skills such as aerial photography analysis.
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Pub. CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5). American Psychiatric Pub. CrossRef
go back to reference Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: A practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, 57(1), 289–300 Benjamini, Y., & Hochberg, Y. (1995). Controlling the false discovery rate: A practical and powerful approach to multiple testing. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, 57(1), 289–300
go back to reference Bury, S. M., Hedley, D., Uljarević, M., & Gal, E. (2020). The autism advantage at work: A critical and systematic review of current evidence. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 105, 103750 CrossRef Bury, S. M., Hedley, D., Uljarević, M., & Gal, E. (2020). The autism advantage at work: A critical and systematic review of current evidence. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 105, 103750 CrossRef
go back to reference Green, S., & Bevalier, D. (2003). Action video game modifies visual selective attention. Nature, 423(May), 534–537 CrossRef Green, S., & Bevalier, D. (2003). Action video game modifies visual selective attention. Nature, 423(May), 534–537 CrossRef
go back to reference Howlin, P., Goode, S., Hutton, J., & Rutter, M. (2004). Adult outcome for children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 45(2), 212–229 CrossRef Howlin, P., Goode, S., Hutton, J., & Rutter, M. (2004). Adult outcome for children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 45(2), 212–229 CrossRef
go back to reference Jolliffe, T., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1997). Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 38(5), 527–534 CrossRef Jolliffe, T., & Baron-Cohen, S. (1997). Are people with autism and Asperger syndrome faster than normal on the Embedded Figures Test? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 38(5), 527–534 CrossRef
go back to reference Kirchner, J. C., & Dziobek, I. (2014). Toward the successful employment of adults with autism: A first analysis of special interests and factors deemed important for vocational performance. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, 2(2), 77–85. https://​doi.​org/​10.​21307/​sjcapp-2014-011 Kirchner, J. C., & Dziobek, I. (2014). Toward the successful employment of adults with autism: A first analysis of special interests and factors deemed important for vocational performance. Scandinavian Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, 2(2), 77–85. https://​doi.​org/​10.​21307/​sjcapp-2014-011
go back to reference Luria, G., Kahana, A., Goldenberg, J., & Noam, Y. (2019). Contextual moderators for leadership potential based on trait activation theory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40(8), 899–911 CrossRef Luria, G., Kahana, A., Goldenberg, J., & Noam, Y. (2019). Contextual moderators for leadership potential based on trait activation theory. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 40(8), 899–911 CrossRef
go back to reference Milne, E., Swettenham, J., Hansen, P., Campbell, R., Jeffries, H., & Plaisted, K. (2002). High motion coherence thresholds in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 43(2), 255–263 CrossRef Milne, E., Swettenham, J., Hansen, P., Campbell, R., Jeffries, H., & Plaisted, K. (2002). High motion coherence thresholds in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 43(2), 255–263 CrossRef
go back to reference Mottron, L., Belleville, S., & Menard, E. (1999). Local bias in autistic subjects as evidenced by graphic tasks: Perceptual hierarchization or working memory deficit? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 40(5), 743–755 CrossRef Mottron, L., Belleville, S., & Menard, E. (1999). Local bias in autistic subjects as evidenced by graphic tasks: Perceptual hierarchization or working memory deficit? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 40(5), 743–755 CrossRef
go back to reference Müller, E., Schuler, A., Burton, B. A., & Yates, G. B. (2003). Meeting the vocational support needs of individuals with Asperger Syndrome and other autism spectrum disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 18(3), 163–175 Müller, E., Schuler, A., Burton, B. A., & Yates, G. B. (2003). Meeting the vocational support needs of individuals with Asperger Syndrome and other autism spectrum disabilities. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 18(3), 163–175
go back to reference National Center for O*NET Development. (2020). Geographic Information Systems Technicians (O*Net Report No. 15–1199.05). National Center for O*NET Development. (2020). Geographic Information Systems Technicians (O*Net Report No. 15–1199.05).
go back to reference O’Riordan, M. A., Plaisted, K. C., Driver, J., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2001). Superior visual search in autism. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 27(3), 719–730. O’Riordan, M. A., Plaisted, K. C., Driver, J., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2001). Superior visual search in autism. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 27(3), 719–730.
go back to reference Raven, J., & Raven, J. (2003). Raven Progressive Matrices. In Handbook of Nonverbal Assessment (pp. 223–237). Raven, J., & Raven, J. (2003). Raven Progressive Matrices. In Handbook of Nonverbal Assessment (pp. 223–237).
go back to reference Roux, A. M., Shattuck, P. T., Rava, J. E., Julianna, A., & Kristy, A. (2015). PA: Life course outcomes research program. Transition into Young Adulthood. Philadelphia. Roux, A. M., Shattuck, P. T., Rava, J. E., Julianna, A., & Kristy, A. (2015). PA: Life course outcomes research program. Transition into Young Adulthood. Philadelphia.
go back to reference Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1993). Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the block design task? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 34(8), 1351–1364 CrossRef Shah, A., & Frith, U. (1993). Why do autistic individuals show superior performance on the block design task? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 34(8), 1351–1364 CrossRef
go back to reference Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the embedded figures tests. Consulting Psychologists Press. Witkin, H. A., Oltman, P. K., Raskin, E., & Karp, S. (1971). A manual for the embedded figures tests. Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Wolfe, J. M. (1998). What can 1 million trials tell us about visual search? Psychological Science, 9(1), 33–39 CrossRef Wolfe, J. M. (1998). What can 1 million trials tell us about visual search? Psychological Science, 9(1), 33–39 CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Visual Detection and Decoding Skills of Aerial Photography by Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Auteurs
Hadas Marciano
Eynat Gal
Ruth Kimchi
Darren Hedley
Yael Goldfarb
Yoram S. Bonneh
Publicatiedatum
04-05-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2022
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05039-z