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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 1/2016

27-02-2015 | Empirical Research

Visible School Security Measures and Student Academic Performance, Attendance, and Postsecondary Aspirations

Auteurs: Emily E. Tanner-Smith, Benjamin W. Fisher

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 1/2016

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Abstract

Many U.S. schools use visible security measures (security cameras, metal detectors, security personnel) in an effort to keep schools safe and promote adolescents’ academic success. This study examined how different patterns of visible security utilization were associated with U.S. middle and high school students’ academic performance, attendance, and postsecondary educational aspirations. The data for this study came from two large national surveys—the School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (N = 38,707 students; 51 % male, 77 % White, MAge = 14.72) and the School Survey on Crime and Safety (N = 10,340 schools; average student composition of 50 % male, 57 % White). The results provided no evidence that visible security measures had consistent beneficial effects on adolescents’ academic outcomes; some security utilization patterns had modest detrimental effects on adolescents’ academic outcomes, particularly the heavy surveillance patterns observed in a small subset of high schools serving predominantly low socioeconomic students. The findings of this study provide no evidence that visible security measures have any sizeable effects on academic performance, attendance, or postsecondary aspirations among U.S. middle and high school students.
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Voetnoten
1
Although it is possible for the same adolescent to have been interviewed across multiple data collection periods, the national sampling frame of the SCS surveys means the probability of such overlap is small and the de-identified nature of the data makes it impossible to discern whether the same students were surveyed in multiple years.
 
2
Although the SSOCS surveys include Common Core of Data identification numbers that allow linkage of SSOCS respondents (i.e., schools) longitudinally over time, the national sampling frame of the SSOCS surveys means that the probability is quite small for any overlap of schools across survey years.
 
3
Indeed, this quasi-experimental design can minimize the impact of selection bias and confounding even more than simply using the baseline covariates as statistical controls in the regression models. This latter approach would not account for variability in the magnitude or direction of the effects of those covariates across the different security utilization patterns.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Visible School Security Measures and Student Academic Performance, Attendance, and Postsecondary Aspirations
Auteurs
Emily E. Tanner-Smith
Benjamin W. Fisher
Publicatiedatum
27-02-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 1/2016
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-015-0265-5

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