Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2017

28-10-2016 | Original Article

Violence, Trauma, Mental Health, and Substance Use Among Homeless Youth Juggalos

Auteurs: Robin Petering, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, David Dent, Eric Rice

Gepubliceerd in: Child Psychiatry & Human Development | Uitgave 4/2017

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Insane Clown Posse is a musical duo whose fans are known as Juggalos. Many homeless youths (HY) identify as Juggalos, most likely because the group’s music embraces poverty and being an outsider in mainstream society. Juggalos are stereotyped as being violent, undereducated, poor, racist, crime-committing youth, and in 2011 the FBI officially labeled Juggalos as a gang. However, little is known about the intersection of HY and Juggalos. A convenience sample of Los Angeles-area, drop-in service-seeking HY completed a self-administered questionnaire (N = 495). In the sample, 15 % of HY identified as Juggalos. Juggalo-identifying youth were more likely to have experienced childhood trauma, including physical and sexual abuse and witnessing community violence. Multivariable models revealed that identifying as a Juggalo was associated with increased odds of recent methamphetamine use, ecstasy use, chronic marijuana use, and prescription drug misuse. Juggalos were also more likely to experience suicidal ideation, attempt suicide, recently engage in interpersonal violence, become injured during a fight, and have unprotected sex. In conclusion, Juggalos constitute a unique subpopulation of HY. Implications for Juggalo-specific trauma-informed services, rather than punitive, are discussed as well as the potential for future research regarding resiliency associated with Juggalo identification.
Literatuur
2.
go back to reference Ringwalt CL, Greene JM, Robertson MJ (1998) Familial backgrounds and risk behaviors of youth with thrownaway experiences. J Adolesc 21:241–252 CrossRefPubMed Ringwalt CL, Greene JM, Robertson MJ (1998) Familial backgrounds and risk behaviors of youth with thrownaway experiences. J Adolesc 21:241–252 CrossRefPubMed
5.
go back to reference Petering R (2014) Violence experiences, mental health, and substance use of homeless youth Juggalos. In 142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15–19, 2014). APHA. Petering R (2014) Violence experiences, mental health, and substance use of homeless youth Juggalos. In 142nd APHA Annual Meeting and Exposition (November 15–19, 2014). APHA.
8.
go back to reference Federal Bureau of Investigation (2011) 2011 National gang threat assessment: emerging trends. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington Federal Bureau of Investigation (2011) 2011 National gang threat assessment: emerging trends. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington
10.
go back to reference Bruce J, Echlin H (2003) ICP: behind the paint. Psychopathic Records, Detroit Bruce J, Echlin H (2003) ICP: behind the paint. Psychopathic Records, Detroit
11.
go back to reference Rabin N (2013) You don’t know me but you don’t like me: Phish, Insane Clown Posse, and my misadventures with two of music’s most maligned tribes. Scribner, New York Rabin N (2013) You don’t know me but you don’t like me: Phish, Insane Clown Posse, and my misadventures with two of music’s most maligned tribes. Scribner, New York
12.
go back to reference Wolfe SM, Toro PA, McCaskill PA (1999) A comparison of homeless and matched housed adolescents on family environment variables. J Res Adolesc 9:53–66 CrossRef Wolfe SM, Toro PA, McCaskill PA (1999) A comparison of homeless and matched housed adolescents on family environment variables. J Res Adolesc 9:53–66 CrossRef
13.
go back to reference Milburn NG, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Rice E, Mallet S, Rosenthal D (2006) Cross-national variations in behavioral profiles among homeless youth. Am J Community Psychol 37:21–27 CrossRef Milburn NG, Rotheram-Borus MJ, Rice E, Mallet S, Rosenthal D (2006) Cross-national variations in behavioral profiles among homeless youth. Am J Community Psychol 37:21–27 CrossRef
14.
go back to reference Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR (1999) Nowhere to grow: homeless and runaway adolescents and their families. Transaction, New York Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR (1999) Nowhere to grow: homeless and runaway adolescents and their families. Transaction, New York
15.
go back to reference Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR, Ackley KA (1997) Abusive family backgrounds and later victimization among runaway and homeless adolescents. J Res Adolesc 7:375–392 CrossRef Whitbeck LB, Hoyt DR, Ackley KA (1997) Abusive family backgrounds and later victimization among runaway and homeless adolescents. J Res Adolesc 7:375–392 CrossRef
16.
go back to reference Zide MR, Cherry AL (1992) A typology of runaway youths: an empirically based definition. Child Adolesc Soc Work J 9:155–168 CrossRef Zide MR, Cherry AL (1992) A typology of runaway youths: an empirically based definition. Child Adolesc Soc Work J 9:155–168 CrossRef
17.
go back to reference Keeshin BR, Campbell K (2011) Screening homeless youth for histories of abuse: prevalence, enduring effects, and interest in treatment. Child Abuse Negl 35:401–407 CrossRefPubMed Keeshin BR, Campbell K (2011) Screening homeless youth for histories of abuse: prevalence, enduring effects, and interest in treatment. Child Abuse Negl 35:401–407 CrossRefPubMed
18.
go back to reference McCaskill PA, Toro PA, Wolfe SM (1998) Homeless and matched housed adolescents: a comparative study of psychopathology. J Clin Child Psychol 27:306–319 CrossRefPubMed McCaskill PA, Toro PA, Wolfe SM (1998) Homeless and matched housed adolescents: a comparative study of psychopathology. J Clin Child Psychol 27:306–319 CrossRefPubMed
19.
go back to reference Toro PA, Goldstein MS (2000) Outcomes among homeless and matched housed homeless adolescents: a longitudinal comparison. Presentation at the 108th annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC Toro PA, Goldstein MS (2000) Outcomes among homeless and matched housed homeless adolescents: a longitudinal comparison. Presentation at the 108th annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC
20.
go back to reference Rice E (2010) The positive role of social networks and social networking technology in the condom-using behaviors of homeless young people. Public Health Rep 125:588 Rice E (2010) The positive role of social networks and social networking technology in the condom-using behaviors of homeless young people. Public Health Rep 125:588
21.
go back to reference Pynoos R, Rodriguez N, Steinberg A, Stuber M, Frederick C (1998) The University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA-PTSD RI). UCLA Trauma Psychiatry Program, Los Angeles Pynoos R, Rodriguez N, Steinberg A, Stuber M, Frederick C (1998) The University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA-PTSD RI). UCLA Trauma Psychiatry Program, Los Angeles
23.
go back to reference Kohout FJ, Berkman LF, Evans DA, Cornoni-Huntley J (1993) Two shorter forms of the CES-D depression symptoms index. J Aging Health 5:179–193 CrossRefPubMed Kohout FJ, Berkman LF, Evans DA, Cornoni-Huntley J (1993) Two shorter forms of the CES-D depression symptoms index. J Aging Health 5:179–193 CrossRefPubMed
24.
go back to reference Brener ND, Collins JL, Kann L, Warren CW, Williams BI (1995) Reliability of the youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 141:575–580 CrossRefPubMed Brener ND, Collins JL, Kann L, Warren CW, Williams BI (1995) Reliability of the youth risk behavior survey questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 141:575–580 CrossRefPubMed
26.
go back to reference SAS Institute (2014) Base SAS 9.4 procedures guide: statistical procedures. SAS Institute, Cary SAS Institute (2014) Base SAS 9.4 procedures guide: statistical procedures. SAS Institute, Cary
27.
go back to reference Milburn, NG, Rice, E, Rotheram-Borus, MJ, Mallett, S, Rosenthal, D, Batterham, P, May, SJ, Witkin, A, Duan, N (2009) Adolescents exiting homelessness over two years: the risk amplification and abatement model. J Res Adolesc 19(4):762–785 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Milburn, NG, Rice, E, Rotheram-Borus, MJ, Mallett, S, Rosenthal, D, Batterham, P, May, SJ, Witkin, A, Duan, N (2009) Adolescents exiting homelessness over two years: the risk amplification and abatement model. J Res Adolesc 19(4):762–785 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Metagegevens
Titel
Violence, Trauma, Mental Health, and Substance Use Among Homeless Youth Juggalos
Auteurs
Robin Petering
Harmony Rhoades
Hailey Winetrobe
David Dent
Eric Rice
Publicatiedatum
28-10-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Child Psychiatry & Human Development / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 0009-398X
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3327
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-016-0689-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2017

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 4/2017 Naar de uitgave