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01-04-2014 | Original Paper | Uitgave 4/2014

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2014

Video Feedforward for Rapid Learning of a Picture-Based Communication System

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 4/2014
Auteurs:
Jemma Smith, Linda Hand, Peter W. Dowrick
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The empirical research was conducted in partial fulfillment of a master’s thesis by the first author with supervision by the other two authors.

Abstract

This study examined the efficacy of video self modeling (VSM) using feedforward, to teach various goals of a picture exchange communication system (PECS). The participants were two boys with autism and one man with Down syndrome. All three participants were non-verbal with no current functional system of communication; the two children had long histories of PECS failure. A series of replications, with different length baselines, was used to examine whether video self modeling could replace the PECS method of teaching to achieve the same goals. All three participants showed rapid learning of their target behavior when introduced to their self modeling videos, and effects generalized without the need for further intervention. We conclude that VSM, using feedforward, can provide a fast, simple way of teaching the use of a picture-based communication system without the need for prompts or intensive operant conditioning. VSM may provide an accessible, easy-to-use alternative to common methods of teaching augmentative and alternative communication systems.

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