Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2009

01-04-2009 | Original Paper

Verbal Peaks and Visual Valleys in Theory of Mind Ability in Williams Syndrome

Auteurs: Andreia Santos, Christine Deruelle

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2009

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Research on theory of mind (TOM) has provided a major contribution to the understanding of developmental disorders characterized by atypical social behaviour. Yet, there is still little consensus relative to TOM abilities in Williams syndrome (WS). This study used visual and verbal tasks to investigate attribution of intentions in individuals with WS relative to mental age-matched typically developing individuals. Results showed that individuals with WS perform as accurately as controls on the verbal but not on the visual task. Such modality differences did not affect WS group’s performance on a control condition not requiring TOM neither were found for the control group. These results suggest the existence of a verbal peak and a visual valley in TOM ability in WS.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Baron-Cohen, S., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Cohen, D. J. (2000). Understanding other minds (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. Baron-Cohen, S., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Cohen, D. J. (2000). Understanding other minds (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Bellugi, U., Lichtenberger, L., Jones, W., Lai, Z., & George, M. (2000). I. The neurocognitve profile of Williams syndrome: A complex pattern of strengths and weaknesses. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(Suppl. 1), 7–29. doi: 10.​1162/​089892900561959. PubMedCrossRef Bellugi, U., Lichtenberger, L., Jones, W., Lai, Z., & George, M. (2000). I. The neurocognitve profile of Williams syndrome: A complex pattern of strengths and weaknesses. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(Suppl. 1), 7–29. doi: 10.​1162/​089892900561959. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bora, E., Eryavuz, A., Kayahan, B., Sungu, G., & Veznedaroglu, B. (2006). Social functioning, theory of mind and neurocognition in outpatients with schizophrenia; mental state decoding may be a better predictor of social functioning than mental state reasoning. Psychiatry Research, 145(2–3), 95–103. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​psychres.​2005.​11.​003. PubMedCrossRef Bora, E., Eryavuz, A., Kayahan, B., Sungu, G., & Veznedaroglu, B. (2006). Social functioning, theory of mind and neurocognition in outpatients with schizophrenia; mental state decoding may be a better predictor of social functioning than mental state reasoning. Psychiatry Research, 145(2–3), 95–103. doi: 10.​1016/​j.​psychres.​2005.​11.​003. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference de Villiers, J. (2000). Language and theory of mind: What are the developmental relationships. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience (2nd ed., pp. 124–149). Oxford: Oxford University Press. de Villiers, J. (2000). Language and theory of mind: What are the developmental relationships. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience (2nd ed., pp. 124–149). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Greer, M. K., Brown, F. R., Pai, G. S., Choudry, S. H., & Klein, A. J. (1997). Cognitive, adaptive, and behavioral characteristics of Williams syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 74, 521–525. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19970919)74:5<521::AID-AJMG13>3.0.CO;2-E. PubMedCrossRef Greer, M. K., Brown, F. R., Pai, G. S., Choudry, S. H., & Klein, A. J. (1997). Cognitive, adaptive, and behavioral characteristics of Williams syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 74, 521–525. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19970919)74:5<521::AID-AJMG13>3.0.CO;2-E. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Korenberg, J. R., Chen, X. N., Hirota, H., Lai, Z., Bellugi, U., Burian, D., et al. (2000). IV. Genome structure and cognitive map of Williams syndrome. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(Suppl. 1), 89–107. doi: 10.​1162/​089892900562002. PubMedCrossRef Korenberg, J. R., Chen, X. N., Hirota, H., Lai, Z., Bellugi, U., Burian, D., et al. (2000). IV. Genome structure and cognitive map of Williams syndrome. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(Suppl. 1), 89–107. doi: 10.​1162/​089892900562002. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Laing, E., Butterworth, G., Ansari, D., Gsödl, M., Longhi, E., Panagiotaki, G., et al. (2002). Atypical development of language and social communication in toddlers with Williams syndrome. Developmental Science, 5, 233–246. doi: 10.​1111/​1467-7687.​00225. CrossRef Laing, E., Butterworth, G., Ansari, D., Gsödl, M., Longhi, E., Panagiotaki, G., et al. (2002). Atypical development of language and social communication in toddlers with Williams syndrome. Developmental Science, 5, 233–246. doi: 10.​1111/​1467-7687.​00225. CrossRef
go back to reference Perner, J. (1991). Understanding the representational mind. Cambridge: MIT Press. Perner, J. (1991). Understanding the representational mind. Cambridge: MIT Press.
go back to reference Premack, D. G., & Woodruff, G. (1978). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1, 515–526. CrossRef Premack, D. G., & Woodruff, G. (1978). Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind? The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1, 515–526. CrossRef
go back to reference Preus, M. (1984). The Williams syndrome: Objective definition and diagnosis. Clinical Genetics, 25(5), 422–428. PubMedCrossRef Preus, M. (1984). The Williams syndrome: Objective definition and diagnosis. Clinical Genetics, 25(5), 422–428. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sullivan, K., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (1999). Second-order belief attribution in Williams syndrome: Intact or impaired? American Journal of Mental Retardation, 104(6), 523–532. doi:10.1352/0895-8017(1999)104<0523:SBAIWS>2.0.CO;2. PubMedCrossRef Sullivan, K., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (1999). Second-order belief attribution in Williams syndrome: Intact or impaired? American Journal of Mental Retardation, 104(6), 523–532. doi:10.1352/0895-8017(1999)104<0523:SBAIWS>2.0.CO;2. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H. (2000). Language and understanding minds: Connections in autism. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience (Vol. 2, pp. 124–149). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Tager-Flusberg, H. (2000). Language and understanding minds: Connections in autism. In S. Baron-Cohen, H. Tager-Flusberg, & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience (Vol. 2, pp. 124–149). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Tager-Flusberg, H., Plesa Skewerer, D., & Joseph, R. M. (2006). Model syndromes for investigating social cognitive and affective neuroscience: A comparison of autism and Williams syndrome. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1(3), 175–182. doi: 10.​1093/​scan/​nsl035. PubMedCrossRef Tager-Flusberg, H., Plesa Skewerer, D., & Joseph, R. M. (2006). Model syndromes for investigating social cognitive and affective neuroscience: A comparison of autism and Williams syndrome. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1(3), 175–182. doi: 10.​1093/​scan/​nsl035. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1996). Manual for intelligence scale for children (3rd ed.). New York: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1996). Manual for intelligence scale for children (3rd ed.). New York: The Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler adult intelligence scale (3rd ed.). New York: The Psychological Corporation. Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler adult intelligence scale (3rd ed.). New York: The Psychological Corporation.
Metagegevens
Titel
Verbal Peaks and Visual Valleys in Theory of Mind Ability in Williams Syndrome
Auteurs
Andreia Santos
Christine Deruelle
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2009
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2009
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-008-0669-0

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2009

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2009 Naar de uitgave

Acknowledgment

Acknowledgment