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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 6/2005

01-12-2005

Verbal and Spatial Working Memory in Autism

Auteurs: Diane L. Williams, Gerald Goldstein, Patricia A. Carpenter, Nancy J. Minshew

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 6/2005

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Abstract

Verbal and spatial working memory were examined in high-functioning children, adolescents, and adults with autism compared to age and cognitive-matched controls. No deficit was found in verbal working memory in the individuals with autism using an N-back letter task and standardized measures. The distinction between the N-back task and others used previously to infer a working memory deficit in autism is that this task does not involve a complex cognitive demand. Deficits were found in spatial working memory. Understanding the basis for the dissociation between intact verbal working memory and impaired spatial working memory and the breakdown that occurs in verbal working memory as information processing demands are increased will likely provide valuable insights into the neural basis of autism.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Verbal and Spatial Working Memory in Autism
Auteurs
Diane L. Williams
Gerald Goldstein
Patricia A. Carpenter
Nancy J. Minshew
Publicatiedatum
01-12-2005
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 6/2005
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-005-0021-x

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Acknowledgement