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10-11-2020 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 3/2021

Mindfulness 3/2021

Validation of the Fears of Compassion Scale in a Chinese Cultural Context

Mindfulness > Uitgave 3/2021
Mingchun Guo, Jingyun Wang, Jamin Day, James N. Kirby
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The online version contains supplementary material available at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-020-01534-z.

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This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Fears of Compassion Scales (FCS) in a Chinese cultural context.


Six hundred eighty-four undergraduate students from a university in Fujian Province completed a set of questionnaires including the FCS, Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and Self-acceptance Questionnaire (SAQ). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Exploratory Structural Equation (ESEM) and other statistic approaches were conducted to investigate the psychometric properties of the FCS.


The three models of one-factor structure for each subscale of the FCS and the final model of the three-factor structure with 31 items showed good fit to the data. Seven items of the FCS did not show adequate psychometric characteristics and were thus removed from the scale. Moreover, fears of compassion (for others, from others, and for self) were positively correlated with depression, anxiety, and stress, and were negatively associated with self-acceptance and self-evaluation as expected.


The FCS had good internal reliability, acceptable factorial validity, and satisfactory criterion-related validity in a Chinese sample. This study provides relatively strong support for the FCS as a promising instrument for use in future research and practice with Chinese populations.

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