Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study validated the factor structure of the Parent Readiness for Change Scale (PRFCS) using a clinical sample of parents presenting for assessment and treatment because of their children’s disruptive behaviors to an urban children’s mental health program in Canada. Parents or guardians of 138 children (21.7 % female) aged six to twelve completed the PRFCS as part of their clinical assessment. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to identify the factor structure of the PRFCS and its potential utility in this clinical population. Construct validity was tested by examining parental readiness in relation to children’s internalizing/externalizing problems, parenting behavior, and treatment participation. The original factor structure was replicated, suggesting three factors: Precontemplation, Contemplation, and Action. A second-order factor reflecting overall Readiness was observed that encompassed all three of these factors. A truncated version of the scale that included only a subset of items was determined to offer the best fit to data. Parents reporting higher levels of readiness had children with more emotional/behavior problems, reported higher levels of inconsistent discipline, and missed fewer treatment sessions. The PRFCS appears to be applicable to a clinical sample of children with disruptive behavior problems, and is associated with meaningful child- and parent-level constructs that are relevant in the context of clinical service delivery. Further research to develop clinical cut-offs may be useful in order for this promising theoretically-grounded measure to be effectively used as a screening tool to assist with treatment selection.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bollen, K. A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables: Wiley (New York).
Brestan, E. V., Ondersma, S. J., Simpson, S. M., & Gurwitch, R. H. (1999). Application of stage of change theory to parenting behavior: Validating the Parent Readiness for Change Scale. Poster presented at the 7th Florida Conference on Child Health Psychology, Gainesville, FL.
Brestan, E. V., Ondersma, S. J., Simpson, S. M., & Gurwitch, R. (1999). Application of stage of change theory to parenting behavior: Validating the parent readiness to change scale. Paper presented at the Florida Conference on Child Health Psychology.
Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research: The Guilford Press.
Budd, R. J., & Rollnick, S. (1996). The structure of the readiness to change questionnaire: a test of Prochaska & DiClemente’s transtheoretical model. British Journal of Health Psychology, 1(4), 365–376. CrossRef
Chen, F. F., West, S. G., & Sousa, K. H. (2006). A comparison of bifactor and second-order models of quality of life. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41(2), 189–225. CrossRef
Cheung, G. W., & Rensvold, R. B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9(2), 233–255. CrossRef
DeVellis, R. F. (2011). Scale development: Theory and applications (Vol. 26): Sage.
DiClemente, C. C., & Prochaska, J. O. (1998). Toward a comprehensive, transtheoretical model of change: Stages of change and addictive behaviors.
Frankel, F., & Simmons, J. Q., III. (1992). Parent behavioral training: why and when some parents drop out. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 21(4), 322–330. CrossRef
Gavita, O., & Joyce, M. (2008). A review of the effectiveness of group cognitively enhanced behavioral based parent programs designed for reducing disruptive behavior in children. Journal of Cognitive and Behavioral Psychotherapies, 8(2), 185–199.
Goodman, R., Meltzer, H., & Bailey, V. (1998). The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: a pilot study on the validity of the self-report version. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 7(3), 125–130. CrossRef
Goodman, R., Ford, T., Simmons, H., Gatward, R., & Meltzer, H. (2003). Using the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) to screen for child psychiatric disorders in a community sample. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177, 534–539. CrossRef
Hu, L., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(1), 1–55. CrossRef
Kazdin, A. E. (2000). Perceived barriers to treatment participation and treatment acceptability among antisocial children and their families. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 9(2), 157–174. CrossRef
Kazdin, A. E. (2011). Evidence-based treatment research: advances, limitations, and next steps. American Psychologist, 685–698.
Kazdin, A. E., & Wassell, G. (1998). Treatment completion and therapeutic change among children referred for outpatient therapy. Professional Psychology Research and Practice, 29(4), 332. CrossRef
Kazdin, A. E., Mazurick, J. L., & Siegel, T. C. (1994). Treatment outcome among children with externalizing disorder who terminate prematurely versus those who complete psychotherapy. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 33(4), 549–557. CrossRef
Kazdin, A. E., Holland, L., & Crowley, M. (1997). Family experience of barriers to treatment and premature termination from child thrapy. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65(453–463).
Littell, J. H., & Girvin, H. (2005a). Caregivers’ readiness for change: predictive validity in a child welfare sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29, 59–80. CrossRef
Littell, J. H., & Girvin, H. (2005b). Caregivers’ readiness for change: predictive validity in a child welfare sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 29(1), 59–80. CrossRef
Markie-Dadds, C., & Sanders, M. (2006). Self-directed triple P (positive parenting program) for mothers with children at-risk of developing conduct problems. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 34, 259–275. CrossRef
McConnaughy, E. A., Prochaska, J. O., & Velicer, W. F. (1983). Stages of change in psychotherapy: measurement and sample profiles. Psychotherapy Theory Research & Practice, 20(3), 368. CrossRef
McConnaughy, E. A., DiClemente, C. C., Prochaska, J. O., & Velicier, W. F. (1989). Stages of change in psychotherapy: a follow-up report. Psychotherapy, 26, 494–503. CrossRef
Muthén, B., & Muthén, L. (2010). Mplus (Version 6). Los Angeles, CA: Author.
Niec, L. N., Barnett, M. L., Triemstra, K., & Solomon, D. (2013). Differences in mothers’ and fathers’ readiness for parent training. in preparation.
Prochaska, J. O., & DiClemente, C. C. (1992). Stages of change in the modification of problem behaviors. In M. Herson, R. Eisler, & P. M. Miller (Eds.), Progress in behavior modification (Vol. 28, pp. 184–218). New York: Academic.
Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (2001). A scaled difference chi-square test statistic for moment structure analysis. Psychometrika, 66(4), 507–514. CrossRef
Satterfield, W. A., Buelow, S. A., Lyddon, W. J., & Johnson, J. (1995). Client stages of change and expectations about counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42(4), 476. CrossRef
Shelton, K. K., Frick, P. J., & Wootton, J. (1996). Assessment of parenting practices in families of elementary school-age children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25(3), 317–329. CrossRef
Shepard, S., Armstrong, L. M., Silver, R. B., Berger, R., & Seifer, R. (2012). Embedding the family check-up and evidence-based parenting programmes in Head Start to increase parent engagement and reduce conduct problems in young children. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 5(3), 194–207. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Spoth, R., & Redmond, C. (1995). Parent motivation to enroll in parenting skills programs: a model of family context and health belief predictors. Journal of Family Psychology, 9(3), 294–310. CrossRef
Stone, L., Otten, R., Engels, R. C., Vermulst, A. A., & Janssens, J. M. (2010). Psychometric properties of the parent and teacher versions of teh strengths and difficulties questionnaire for 4–12 year olds: a review. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 13, 254–274. CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMed
Thompson, B., & Daniel, L. G. (1996). Factor analytic evidence for the construct validity of scores: a historical overview and some guidelines. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 56(2), 197–208. CrossRef
Waschbusch, D. A., Sparkes, S. J., & Northern Partners In Action for Children and Youth. (2003). Rating scale assessment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms: is there a normal distribution and does it matter? Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 21, 261–281. CrossRef
Williford, A. P., Graves, K. N., Shelton, T. L., & Woods, J. E. (2009). Contextual risk and parental attributions of children’s behavior as factors that influence the acceptability of empirically supported treatments. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 4(3), 226–237. CrossRef
- Validation of a Measure of Parental Readiness for Treatment in a Clinical Sample of Children with Disruptive Behavior
Brendan F. Andrade
- Springer US
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505