Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

23-03-2020

Validating the Factor Structure of the Hindi Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale

Auteurs: Prachi Bhatnagar, Meenakshi Shukla, Rakesh Pandey

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment | Uitgave 2/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) assesses emotion regulation among adults and adolescents, in healthy as well as clinical populations. However, its factor structure is a widely debated issue. Although earlier studies replicated the original six-factor structure, they pointed out psychometrically poor items in the DERS. The issue is further complicated by the findings of recent studies reporting a five- or even a four-factor structure of the DERS. Further, several studies have questioned the validity of the Awareness dimension of DERS and suggested excluding this dimension. Against this backdrop, the present study attempts to examine the factor structure of the Hindi version of the DERS (DERS-H) on 434 healthy participants (303 females, 131 males) of middle socio-economic status. Findings of the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) did not support either of the one-, six- or five-factor solutions. After excluding five psychometrically poor items (poor loadings and higher standardized residuals), the CFA though yielded a satisfactory fit for first-order six-factor model, the second-order model did not fit well. However, after removing the Awareness dimension, the first-order as well as the second-order modified five-factor models provided apt fits to the data. This modified DERS-H (and its five sub-domains) showed satisfactory reliability and validity as well as factor structure invariance across gender and age. The findings suggest that the modified DERS-H is a psychometrically sound tool (with stable factor structure) to measure the second-order construct of emotion regulation difficulties as well as its five first-order subdomains, particularly in the Indian cultural context.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Adrian, M., Zeman, J., Erdley, C., Lisa, L., Homan, K., & Sim, L. (2009). Social contextual links to emotion regulation in an adolescent psychiatric inpatient population: Do gender and symptomatology matter? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(11), 1428–1436.PubMed Adrian, M., Zeman, J., Erdley, C., Lisa, L., Homan, K., & Sim, L. (2009). Social contextual links to emotion regulation in an adolescent psychiatric inpatient population: Do gender and symptomatology matter? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(11), 1428–1436.PubMed
go back to reference Baker, R., Thomas, S., Thomas, P. W., Gower, P., Santonastaso, M., & Whittlesea, A. (2010). The emotional processing scale: Scale refinement and abridgement (EPS-25). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68(1), 83–88.PubMed Baker, R., Thomas, S., Thomas, P. W., Gower, P., Santonastaso, M., & Whittlesea, A. (2010). The emotional processing scale: Scale refinement and abridgement (EPS-25). Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68(1), 83–88.PubMed
go back to reference Bamonti, P. M., Heisel, M. J., Topciu, R. A., Franus, N., Talbot, N. L., & Duberstein, P. R. (2010). Association of alexithymia and depression symptom severity in adults aged 50 years and older. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(1), 51–56.PubMedPubMedCentral Bamonti, P. M., Heisel, M. J., Topciu, R. A., Franus, N., Talbot, N. L., & Duberstein, P. R. (2010). Association of alexithymia and depression symptom severity in adults aged 50 years and older. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 18(1), 51–56.PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(3), 185–216. Brislin, R. W. (1970). Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(3), 185–216.
go back to reference Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied sciences. New York: The Guilford Press. Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied sciences. New York: The Guilford Press.
go back to reference Bunford, N., Evans, S. W., Becker, S. P., & Langberg, J. M. (2015). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and social skills in youth: A moderated mediation model of emotion dysregulation and depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43(2), 283–296.PubMedPubMedCentral Bunford, N., Evans, S. W., Becker, S. P., & Langberg, J. M. (2015). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and social skills in youth: A moderated mediation model of emotion dysregulation and depression. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43(2), 283–296.PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Bunford, N., Dawson, A. E., Evans, S. W., Ray, A. R., Langberg, J. M., Owens, J. S., et al. (2018a). The difficulties in emotion regulation scale–parent report: A psychometric investigation examining adolescents with and without ADHD. Assessment, 1073191118792307. Bunford, N., Dawson, A. E., Evans, S. W., Ray, A. R., Langberg, J. M., Owens, J. S., et al. (2018a). The difficulties in emotion regulation scale–parent report: A psychometric investigation examining adolescents with and without ADHD. Assessment, 1073191118792307.
go back to reference Bunford, N., Evans, S. W., & Langberg, J. M. (2018b). Emotion dysregulation is associated with social impairment among young adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 22(1), 66–82.PubMed Bunford, N., Evans, S. W., & Langberg, J. M. (2018b). Emotion dysregulation is associated with social impairment among young adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 22(1), 66–82.PubMed
go back to reference Campbell-Sills, L., Barlow, D. H., Brown, T. A., & Hofmann, S. (2006). Acceptability and suppression of negative emotion in anxiety and mood disorders. Emotion, 6, 587–595.PubMed Campbell-Sills, L., Barlow, D. H., Brown, T. A., & Hofmann, S. (2006). Acceptability and suppression of negative emotion in anxiety and mood disorders. Emotion, 6, 587–595.PubMed
go back to reference Cho, Y., & Hong, S. (2013). The new factor structure of the Korean version of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (K-DERS) incorporating method factor. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 46(3), 192–201. Cho, Y., & Hong, S. (2013). The new factor structure of the Korean version of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (K-DERS) incorporating method factor. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 46(3), 192–201.
go back to reference Coutinho, J., Ribeiro, E., Ferreirinha, R., & Dias, P. (2010). The Portuguese version of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale and its relationship with psychopathological symptoms. Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica, 37(4), 145–151. Coutinho, J., Ribeiro, E., Ferreirinha, R., & Dias, P. (2010). The Portuguese version of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale and its relationship with psychopathological symptoms. Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica, 37(4), 145–151.
go back to reference Ehring, T., & Quack, D. (2010). Emotion regulation difficulties in trauma survivors: The role of trauma type and PTSD symptom severity. Behavior Therapy, 41(4), 587–598.PubMed Ehring, T., & Quack, D. (2010). Emotion regulation difficulties in trauma survivors: The role of trauma type and PTSD symptom severity. Behavior Therapy, 41(4), 587–598.PubMed
go back to reference Ehring, T., Fischer, S., Schnülle, J., Bösterling, A., & Tuschen-Caffier, B. (2008). Characteristics of emotion regulation in recovered depressed versus never depressed individuals. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(7), 1574–1584. Ehring, T., Fischer, S., Schnülle, J., Bösterling, A., & Tuschen-Caffier, B. (2008). Characteristics of emotion regulation in recovered depressed versus never depressed individuals. Personality and Individual Differences, 44(7), 1574–1584.
go back to reference Fowler, J. C., Charak, R., Elhai, J. D., Allen, J. G., Frueh, B. C., & Oldham, J. M. (2014). Construct validity and factor structure of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale among adults with severe mental illness. Journal of psychiatric research, 58, 175–180. Fowler, J. C., Charak, R., Elhai, J. D., Allen, J. G., Frueh, B. C., & Oldham, J. M. (2014). Construct validity and factor structure of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale among adults with severe mental illness. Journal of psychiatric research, 58, 175–180.
go back to reference Fox, H. C., Axelrod, S. R., Paliwal, P., Sleeper, J., & Sinha, R. (2007). Difficulties in emotion regulation and impulse control during cocaine abstinence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 89(2–3), 298–301.PubMed Fox, H. C., Axelrod, S. R., Paliwal, P., Sleeper, J., & Sinha, R. (2007). Difficulties in emotion regulation and impulse control during cocaine abstinence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 89(2–3), 298–301.PubMed
go back to reference Giromini, L., Velotti, P., de Campora, G., Bonalume, L., & Cesare Zavattini, G. (2012). Cultural adaptation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Reliability and validity of an Italian version. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(9), 989–1007.PubMed Giromini, L., Velotti, P., de Campora, G., Bonalume, L., & Cesare Zavattini, G. (2012). Cultural adaptation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Reliability and validity of an Italian version. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68(9), 989–1007.PubMed
go back to reference Goldberg, D. P., & Hillier, V. F. (1979). A scaled version of the general health questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 9(1), 139–145. Goldberg, D. P., & Hillier, V. F. (1979). A scaled version of the general health questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 9(1), 139–145.
go back to reference Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54. Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: Development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 41–54.
go back to reference Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2008). The relationship between emotion dysregulation and deliberate self-harm among female undergraduate students at an urban commuter university. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 37(1), 14–25.PubMed Gratz, K. L., & Roemer, L. (2008). The relationship between emotion dysregulation and deliberate self-harm among female undergraduate students at an urban commuter university. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 37(1), 14–25.PubMed
go back to reference Gratz, K. L., Rosenthal, M. Z., Tull, M. T., Lejuez, C. W., & Gunderson, J. G. (2006). An experimental investigation of emotion dysregulation in borderline personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 850–855.PubMed Gratz, K. L., Rosenthal, M. Z., Tull, M. T., Lejuez, C. W., & Gunderson, J. G. (2006). An experimental investigation of emotion dysregulation in borderline personality disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115, 850–855.PubMed
go back to reference Gratz, K. L., Paulson, A., Jakupcak, M., & Tull, M. T. (2009). Exploring the relationship between childhood maltreatment and intimate partner abuse: Gender differences in the mediating role of emotion dysregulation. Violence and Victims, 1(24), 68–82. Gratz, K. L., Paulson, A., Jakupcak, M., & Tull, M. T. (2009). Exploring the relationship between childhood maltreatment and intimate partner abuse: Gender differences in the mediating role of emotion dysregulation. Violence and Victims, 1(24), 68–82.
go back to reference Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348–362.PubMed Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348–362.PubMed
go back to reference Hinkin, T. R. (1995). A review of scale development practices in the study of organizations. Journal of Management, 21(5), 967–988. Hinkin, T. R. (1995). A review of scale development practices in the study of organizations. Journal of Management, 21(5), 967–988.
go back to reference Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structure equation modeling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60. Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structure equation modeling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60.
go back to reference Khairnar, M. R., Wadgave, U., & Shimpi, P. V. (2016). Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification for 2016. Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, 14(4), 469–470. Khairnar, M. R., Wadgave, U., & Shimpi, P. V. (2016). Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification for 2016. Journal of Indian Association of Public Health Dentistry, 14(4), 469–470.
go back to reference Kökönyei, G., Urbán, R., Reinhardt, M., Józan, A., & Demetrovics, Z. (2014). The difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Factor structure in chronic pain patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(6), 589–600.PubMed Kökönyei, G., Urbán, R., Reinhardt, M., Józan, A., & Demetrovics, Z. (2014). The difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Factor structure in chronic pain patients. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(6), 589–600.PubMed
go back to reference Kring, A. M., & Werner, K. H. (2004). Emotion regulation and psychopathology. In P. Philippot & R. S. Feldman (Eds.), The regulation of emotion (pp. 359–385). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. Kring, A. M., & Werner, K. H. (2004). Emotion regulation and psychopathology. In P. Philippot & R. S. Feldman (Eds.), The regulation of emotion (pp. 359–385). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.
go back to reference McDermott, M. J., Tull, M. T., Gratz, K. L., Daughters, S. B., & Lejuez, C. W. (2009). The role of anxiety sensitivity and difficulties in emotion regulation in posttraumatic stress disorder among crack/cocaine dependent patients in residential substance abuse treatment. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(5), 591–599.PubMedPubMedCentral McDermott, M. J., Tull, M. T., Gratz, K. L., Daughters, S. B., & Lejuez, C. W. (2009). The role of anxiety sensitivity and difficulties in emotion regulation in posttraumatic stress disorder among crack/cocaine dependent patients in residential substance abuse treatment. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 23(5), 591–599.PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference McMurrich, S. L., & Johnson, S. L. (2008). Dispositional rumination in individuals with a depression history. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32(4), 542–553.PubMedPubMedCentral McMurrich, S. L., & Johnson, S. L. (2008). Dispositional rumination in individuals with a depression history. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 32(4), 542–553.PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Meade, A. W., Johnson, E. C., & Braddy, P. W. (2008). Power and sensitivity of alternative fit indices in tests of measurement invariance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 568–592.PubMed Meade, A. W., Johnson, E. C., & Braddy, P. W. (2008). Power and sensitivity of alternative fit indices in tests of measurement invariance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(3), 568–592.PubMed
go back to reference Mitsopoulou, E., Kafetsios, K., Karademas, E., Papastefanakis, E., & Simos, P. G. (2013). The Greek version of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Testing the factor structure, reliability and validity in an adult community sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 35(1), 123–131. Mitsopoulou, E., Kafetsios, K., Karademas, E., Papastefanakis, E., & Simos, P. G. (2013). The Greek version of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Testing the factor structure, reliability and validity in an adult community sample. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 35(1), 123–131.
go back to reference Neumann, A., van Lier, P. A. C., Gratz, K. L., & Koot, H. M. (2010). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation difficulties in adolescents using the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Assessment, 17(1), 138–149.PubMed Neumann, A., van Lier, P. A. C., Gratz, K. L., & Koot, H. M. (2010). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation difficulties in adolescents using the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Assessment, 17(1), 138–149.PubMed
go back to reference Norton, P. J., & Paulus, D. J. (2016). Toward a unified treatment for emotional disorders: Update on the science and practice. Behavior Therapy, 47(6), 854–868.PubMed Norton, P. J., & Paulus, D. J. (2016). Toward a unified treatment for emotional disorders: Update on the science and practice. Behavior Therapy, 47(6), 854–868.PubMed
go back to reference Osborne, T. L., Michonski, J., Sayrs, J., Welch, S. S., & Anderson, L. K. (2017). Factor structure of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (DERS) in adult outpatients receiving dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(2), 355–371. Osborne, T. L., Michonski, J., Sayrs, J., Welch, S. S., & Anderson, L. K. (2017). Factor structure of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale (DERS) in adult outpatients receiving dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 39(2), 355–371.
go back to reference Pandey, R., Mandal, M. K., Taylor, G. J., & Parker, J. D. (1996). Cross-cultural alexithymia: Development and validation of a Hindi translation of the 20-item Toronto alexithymia scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(2), 173–176.PubMed Pandey, R., Mandal, M. K., Taylor, G. J., & Parker, J. D. (1996). Cross-cultural alexithymia: Development and validation of a Hindi translation of the 20-item Toronto alexithymia scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(2), 173–176.PubMed
go back to reference Pandey, R., Saxena, P., & Dubey, A. (2011). Emotion regulation difficulties in alexithymia and mental health. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 7(4), 604–623. Pandey, R., Saxena, P., & Dubey, A. (2011). Emotion regulation difficulties in alexithymia and mental health. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 7(4), 604–623.
go back to reference Perez, J., Venta, A., Garnaat, S., & Sharp, C. (2012). The difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Factor structure and association with nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescent inpatients. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34(3), 393–404. Perez, J., Venta, A., Garnaat, S., & Sharp, C. (2012). The difficulties in emotion regulation scale: Factor structure and association with nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescent inpatients. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34(3), 393–404.
go back to reference Rodebaugh, T. L., Woods, C. M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2007). The reverse of social anxiety is not always the opposite: The reverse scored items of the social interaction anxiety scale do not belong. Behavior Therapy, 38(2), 192–206.PubMed Rodebaugh, T. L., Woods, C. M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2007). The reverse of social anxiety is not always the opposite: The reverse scored items of the social interaction anxiety scale do not belong. Behavior Therapy, 38(2), 192–206.PubMed
go back to reference Rusch, S., Westermann, S., & Lincoln, T. M. (2012). Specificity of emotion regulation deficits in social anxiety: An internet study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 85(3), 268–277. Rusch, S., Westermann, S., & Lincoln, T. M. (2012). Specificity of emotion regulation deficits in social anxiety: An internet study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 85(3), 268–277.
go back to reference Salters-Pedneault, K., Roemer, L., Tull, M. T., Rucker, L., & Mennin, D. S. (2006). Evidence of broad deficits in emotion regulation associated with chronic worry and generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30(4), 469–480. Salters-Pedneault, K., Roemer, L., Tull, M. T., Rucker, L., & Mennin, D. S. (2006). Evidence of broad deficits in emotion regulation associated with chronic worry and generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30(4), 469–480.
go back to reference Saxena, P., Dubey, A., Pandey, R. (2011) Role of emotion regulation difficulties in predicting mental health and well being. SIS Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health, 18, 147–155. Saxena, P., Dubey, A., Pandey, R. (2011) Role of emotion regulation difficulties in predicting mental health and well being. SIS Journal of Projective Psychology and Mental Health, 18, 147–155.
go back to reference Shukla, M., Saxena, P., Dubey, A., & Pandey, R. (2014). Exploring the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Hindi version of the general health Questionnaire-28. Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India: Unpublished manuscript. Shukla, M., Saxena, P., Dubey, A., & Pandey, R. (2014). Exploring the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Hindi version of the general health Questionnaire-28. Department of Psychology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India: Unpublished manuscript.
go back to reference Snow, N. L., Ward, R. M., Becker, S. P., & Raval, V. V. (2013). Measurement invariance of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale in India and the United States. Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 3(1), 147–157. Snow, N. L., Ward, R. M., Becker, S. P., & Raval, V. V. (2013). Measurement invariance of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale in India and the United States. Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 3(1), 147–157.
go back to reference Soenke, M., Hahn, K. S., Tull, M. T., & Gratz, K. L. (2010). Exploring the relationship between childhood abuse and analogue generalized anxiety disorder: The mediating role of emotion dysregulation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34(5), 401–412. Soenke, M., Hahn, K. S., Tull, M. T., & Gratz, K. L. (2010). Exploring the relationship between childhood abuse and analogue generalized anxiety disorder: The mediating role of emotion dysregulation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34(5), 401–412.
go back to reference Tull, M. T., & Roemer, L. (2007). Emotion regulation difficulties associated with the experience of uncued panic attacks: Evidence of experiential avoidance, emotional nonacceptance, and decreased emotional clarity. Behavior Therapy, 38(4), 378–391.PubMed Tull, M. T., & Roemer, L. (2007). Emotion regulation difficulties associated with the experience of uncued panic attacks: Evidence of experiential avoidance, emotional nonacceptance, and decreased emotional clarity. Behavior Therapy, 38(4), 378–391.PubMed
go back to reference Tull, M. T., Barrett, H. M., McMillan, E. S., & Roemer, L. (2007). A preliminary investigation of the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Behavior Therapy, 38(3), 303–313.PubMed Tull, M. T., Barrett, H. M., McMillan, E. S., & Roemer, L. (2007). A preliminary investigation of the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Behavior Therapy, 38(3), 303–313.PubMed
go back to reference Vasilev, C. A., Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., Mead, H. K., & Gatzke-Kopp, L. M. (2009). Correspondence between physiological and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation: A longitudinal investigation of youth with and without psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(11), 1357–1364.PubMed Vasilev, C. A., Crowell, S. E., Beauchaine, T. P., Mead, H. K., & Gatzke-Kopp, L. M. (2009). Correspondence between physiological and self-report measures of emotion dysregulation: A longitudinal investigation of youth with and without psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50(11), 1357–1364.PubMed
go back to reference Wang, M., & Russell, S. S. (2005). Measurement equivalence of the job descriptive index across Chinese and American workers: Results from confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 65(4), 709–732. Wang, M., & Russell, S. S. (2005). Measurement equivalence of the job descriptive index across Chinese and American workers: Results from confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 65(4), 709–732.
go back to reference Weeks, J. W., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., Hart, T. A., Turk, C. L., Schneier, F. R., & Liebowitz, M. R. (2005). Empirical validation and psychometric evaluation of the brief fear of negative evaluation scale in patients with social anxiety disorder. Psychological Assessment, 17(2), 179–190.PubMed Weeks, J. W., Heimberg, R. G., Fresco, D. M., Hart, T. A., Turk, C. L., Schneier, F. R., & Liebowitz, M. R. (2005). Empirical validation and psychometric evaluation of the brief fear of negative evaluation scale in patients with social anxiety disorder. Psychological Assessment, 17(2), 179–190.PubMed
go back to reference Weinberg, A., & Klonsky, E. D. (2009). Measurement of emotion dysregulation in adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 21(4), 616–621.PubMed Weinberg, A., & Klonsky, E. D. (2009). Measurement of emotion dysregulation in adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 21(4), 616–621.PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Validating the Factor Structure of the Hindi Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale
Auteurs
Prachi Bhatnagar
Meenakshi Shukla
Rakesh Pandey
Publicatiedatum
23-03-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment / Uitgave 2/2020
Print ISSN: 0882-2689
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3505
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09796-6

Andere artikelen Uitgave 2/2020

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2020 Naar de uitgave