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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2/2010

01-04-2010

Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in women

Auteurs: Marlene N. Silva, Paulo N. Vieira, Sílvia R. Coutinho, Cláudia S. Minderico, Margarida G. Matos, Luís B. Sardinha, Pedro J. Teixeira

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Uitgave 2/2010

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Abstract

Behavior change interventions are effective to the extent that they affect appropriately-measured outcomes, especially in experimental controlled trials. The primary goal of this study was to analyze the impact of a 1-year weight management intervention based on self-determination theory (SDT) on theory-based psychosocial mediators, physical activity/exercise, and body weight and composition. Participants were 239 women (37.6 ± 7.1 years; 31.5 ± 4.1 kg/m2) who received either an intervention focused on promoting autonomous forms of exercise regulation and intrinsic motivation, or a general health education program (controls). At 12 months, the intervention group showed increased weight loss (−7.29%,) and higher levels of physical activity/exercise (+138 ± 26 min/day of moderate plus vigorous exercise; +2,049 ± 571 steps/day), compared to controls (P < 0.001). Main intervention targets such as more autonomous self-regulation (for treatment and for exercise) and a more autonomous perceived treatment climate revealed large effect sizes (between 0.80 and .96), favoring intervention (P < 0.001). Results suggest that interventions grounded in SDT can be successfully implemented in the context of weight management, enhancing the internalization of more autonomous forms of behavioral regulation, and facilitating exercise adherence, while producing clinically-significant weight reduction, when compared to a control condition. Findings are fully consistent with previous studies conducted within this theoretical framework in other areas of health behavior change.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Using self-determination theory to promote physical activity and weight control: a randomized controlled trial in women
Auteurs
Marlene N. Silva
Paulo N. Vieira
Sílvia R. Coutinho
Cláudia S. Minderico
Margarida G. Matos
Luís B. Sardinha
Pedro J. Teixeira
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2010
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Uitgave 2/2010
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-009-9239-y

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