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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2014

01-10-2014 | Original Paper

Using Other Minds as a Window Onto the World: Guessing What Happened from Clues in Behaviour

Auteurs: Dhanya Pillai, Elizabeth Sheppard, Danielle Ropar, Lauren Marsh, Amy Pearson, Peter Mitchell

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2014

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Abstract

It has been proposed that mentalising involves retrodicting as well as predicting behaviour, by inferring previous mental states of a target. This study investigated whether retrodiction is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Participants watched videos of real people reacting to the researcher behaving in one of four possible ways. Their task was to decide which of these four “scenarios” each person responded to. Participants’ eye movements were recorded. Participants with ASD were poorer than comparison participants at identifying the scenario to which people in the videos were responding. There were no group differences in time spent looking at the eyes or mouth. The findings imply those with ASD are impaired in using mentalising skills for retrodiction.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Using Other Minds as a Window Onto the World: Guessing What Happened from Clues in Behaviour
Auteurs
Dhanya Pillai
Elizabeth Sheppard
Danielle Ropar
Lauren Marsh
Amy Pearson
Peter Mitchell
Publicatiedatum
01-10-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2106-x

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