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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 10/2022

29-10-2021 | Original Paper

Use of Mutual Exclusivity and its Relationship to Language Ability in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Janine Mathée-Scott, Caroline Larson, Courtney Venker, Ron Pomper, Jan Edwards, Jenny Saffran, Susan Ellis Weismer

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 10/2022

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Abstract

To efficiently learn new words, children use constraints such as mutual exclusivity (ME) to narrow the search for potential referents. The current study investigated the use of ME in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and neurotypical (NT) peers matched on nonverbal cognition. Thirty-two toddlers with ASD and 26 NT toddlers participated in a looking-while-listening task. Images of novel and familiar objects were presented along with a novel or familiar label. Overall, toddlers with ASD showed less efficient looking toward a novel referent when a novel label was presented compared to NT toddlers, controlling for age and familiar word knowledge. However, toddlers with ASD and higher language ability demonstrated more robust use of ME than those with lower language ability.
Voetnoten
1
We did not include the three-way interactions between Group, Receptive Language, and each time term. This omission was based on both conceptual reasons (the correlation between children’s receptive language ability and their accuracy in spoken word recognition should not differ between groups) and methodological reasons (including this interaction would force the model to extrapolate beyond the data, because a substantial number of children in the ASD group had PLS scores below the minimum for the NT group
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Use of Mutual Exclusivity and its Relationship to Language Ability in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Janine Mathée-Scott
Caroline Larson
Courtney Venker
Ron Pomper
Jan Edwards
Jenny Saffran
Susan Ellis Weismer
Publicatiedatum
29-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 10/2022
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05321-0

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