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05-06-2019 | Original Paper | Uitgave 9/2019 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 9/2019

Use of GFCF Diets in Children with ASD. An Investigation into Parents’ Beliefs Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 9/2019
Auteurs:
Rachel E. F. Marsden, John Francis, Iain Garner
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Abstract

Gluten free/Casein free (GFCF) diets are one of the most common types of Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) used in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) despite little evidence to support positive effects. There has been no theory driven literature that has investigated parent’s reasons for their use. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) was used to examine parent’s intentions to use GFCF diets for their child with an ASD. Treatment and causal beliefs were also examined. Parents (n = 33, children aged 3–17 years) were influenced by anticipated regret, positive outcomes and attitude. Future interventions should provide information to parents and health professionals about the possible causes of ASD and therapy options which are in line with current recommendations.

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