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23-05-2019 | Empirical Research | Uitgave 7/2019

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 7/2019

Unpacking the Longitudinal Associations between the Frequency of Substance Use, Substance Use Related Problems, and Academic Achievement among Adolescents

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Youth and Adolescence > Uitgave 7/2019
Auteurs:
Christophe Huỳnh, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Jean-Sébastien Fallu, Joëlle Maguire-L., Ariane Descheneaux-Buffoni, Michel Janosz
Belangrijke opmerkingen
These authors contributed equally: Christophe Huỳnh, Alexandre J. S. Morin

Supplementary information

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10964-019-01038-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Publisher’s note: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Previous research repeatedly observed associations between academic achievement and substance use during adolescence. However, the simple frequency of substance use was not differentiated from the emergence of substance use related problems, such as abuse and dependence. This study presents autoregressive cross-lagged models describing inter-relations between academic achievement, frequency of substance use, and substance use related problems among a sample of 1034 seventh graders (46% female; 83% White North Americans; Mage = 12.64 years, SDage = 0.65) who participated in a four-year longitudinal study. The stability of measurement structure of frequency of substance use and substance use related problems was supported. Higher frequency of substance use and substance use related problems did not predict lower academic achievement. A higher academic achievement predicted a later increase in frequency of substance use and substance use related problems in boys, whereas a higher academic achievement predicted a lower frequency of substance use in girls. Although substance use related problems were mainly predicted by frequency of substance use, substance use can remain, nonetheless, non-problematic during adolescence.

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