Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Drinking motives have been theorized as “the final common pathway” to alcohol use, and have been found to be associated with certain drinking patterns and related outcomes. Given the importance of the context in which people drink, researchers have also begun to pay close attention to motives that are specific to participation in a drinking game. The present study builds on this burgeoning body of work by testing how sociability and liquid courage alcohol outcome expectancies and valuations are indirectly associated with drinking game behaviors by way of drinking game motives. Participants consisted of 686 students from eight U.S. colleges/universities (ages 18–23, mean age = 19.45; 73.8% female; 68.2% white) who completed a self-report questionnaire which asked about drinking game behaviors and motives for playing, alcohol outcome expectancies and valuations, general drinking motives, and typical alcohol use. Controlling for demographics, general drinking motives, and typical alcohol use, results indicated that liquid courage (alcohol outcome expectancies) and sociability (alcohol outcome expectancies and valuations) were indirectly associated with drinking game behaviors by way of enhancement/thrills and social lubrication motives for playing drinking games, respectively. Findings suggest that motives specific to playing drinking games operate similarly to general drinking motives as the “final common pathway” to drinking game behaviors. Implications for motivation-matched and expectancy challenge strategies aimed at reducing drinking games participation on college campuses are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Andrews, J. A., & Westling, E. (2016). Substance use in emerging adulthood. In J. J. Arnett (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of emerging adulthood (pp. 521–542). New York: Oxford University Press.
Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood. A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55(5), 469–480. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469. CrossRefPubMed
Bachrach, R. L., Merrill, J. E., Bytschkow, K. M., & Read, J. P. (2012). Development and initial validation of a measure of motives for pregaming in college students. Addictive Behaviors, 37(9), 1038–1045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.04.013. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Conrod, P. J., Stewart, S. H., Comeau, N., & Maclean, M. (2006). Efficacy of cognitive-behavioral interventions targeting personality risk factors for youth alcohol misuse. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 35(4), 550–563. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.14.3.231. CrossRefPubMed
Conrod, P. J., Stewart, S. H., Pihl, R. O., Cote, S., Fontaine, V., & Dongier, M. (2000). Efficacy of brief coping skills interventions that match different personality profiles of female substance abusers. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 14(3), 231–242. https://doi.org/10.1037/1040-35126.96.36.199. CrossRefPubMed
Cooper, L. M., Kuntsche, E., Levitt, A., Barber, L. L., & Wolf, S. (2016). Motivational models of substance use: A review of theory and research on motives for using alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco. In K. J. Sher (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of substance use and substance use disorders (pp. 375–421). New York: Oxford University Press.
Cox, M., & Klinger, E. (1988). A motivational model of alcohol use. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97(2), 168–180. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.97.2.168. CrossRefPubMed
Fernandez, A. C., Yurasek, A. M., Merrill, J. E., Miller, M. B., Zamboanga, B. L., Carey, K. B., & Borsari, B. (2017). Do brief motivational interventions reduce drinking game frequency in mandated students? An analysis of data from two randomized controlled trials. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 31(1), 36–45. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000239. CrossRefPubMed
George, A., Zamboanga, B. L., Martin, J. L., & Olthuis, J. V. (2017). Examining the factor structure of the motives for playing drinking games measure among Australian University Students (manuscript under review).
Grossbard, J., Geisner, I. M., Neighbors, C., Kilmer, J. R., & Larimer, M. E. (2007). Are drinking games sports? College athlete participation in drinking games and alcohol related problems. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 68(1), 97–105. https://doi.org/10.15288/jsad.2007.68.97. CrossRefPubMed
Haas, A. L., Smith, S. K., Kagan, K., & Jacob, T. (2012). Pre-college pregaming: Practices, risk factors, and relationship to other indices of problematic drinking during the transition from high school to college. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(4), 931–938. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029765. CrossRefPubMed
Ham, L. S., Stewart, S. H., Norton, P. J., & Hope, D. A. (2005). Psychometric assessment of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire: Comparing a brief version to the original full scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 27(3), 141–158. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-005-0631-9. CrossRef
Ham, L. S., Zamboanga, B. L., Olthuis, J. V., Casner, H. G., & Bui, N. (2010). No fear, just relax and play: Social anxiety, alcohol expectancies, and drinking games among college students. Journal of American College Health, 58(5), 473–479. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448480903540531. CrossRefPubMed
Hooper, D., Coughlan, J., & Mullen, M. R. (2008). Structural equation modelling: Guidelines for determining model fit. Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6(1), 53–60.
Jones, B. T., Corbin, W., & Fromme, K. (2001). A review of expectancy theory and alcohol consumption. Addiction, 96(1), 57–72. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.961575.x. CrossRefPubMed
Jones, R. E., Spradlin, A., Robinson, R. J., & Tragesser, S. L. (2014). Development and validation of the Opioid Prescription Medication Motives Questionnaire: A four-factor model of reasons for use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28(4), 1290–1296. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037783. CrossRefPubMed
Kuntsche, E., Knibbe, R., Gmel, G., & Engels, R. (2005). Why do young people drink? A review of drinking motives. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(7), 841–861. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2005.06.002. CrossRefPubMed
Labbe, A. K., & Maisto, S. A. (2011). Alcohol expectancy challenges for college students: A narrative review. Clinical Psychology Review, 31(4), 673–683. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2011.02.007. CrossRefPubMed
LaBrie, J. W., Hummer, J. F., Pedersen, E. R., Lac, A., & Chithambo, T. (2012). Measuring college students’ motives behind prepartying drinking: Development and validation of the prepartying motivations inventory. Addictive Behaviors, 37(8), 962–969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2012.04.003. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Lowenthal, K. M. (2004). An introduction to psychological tests and scales (2nd ed.). Hove: Psychology Press.
Martens, M. P., Kilmer, J. R., Beck, N. C., & Zamboanga, B. L. (2010). The efficacy of a targeted personalized drinking feedback intervention among intercollegiate athletes: A randomized controlled trial. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 24(4), 660–669. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020299. CrossRefPubMed
Martens, M. P., Watson, J. I., Royland, E. M., & Beck, N. C. (2005). Development of the athlete drinking scale. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 19(2), 158–164. https://doi.org/10.1037/0893-164X.19.2.158. CrossRefPubMed
Monk, R. L., & Heim, D. (2013b). A critical systematic review of alcohol-related outcome expectancies. Substance Use and Misuse, 48(7), 539–557. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2013.787097. CrossRefPubMed
Montes, K. S., LaBrie, J. W., & Froidevaux, N. M. (2016). Do protective behavioral strategies mediate the effect of preparty motives on event-level preparty alcohol use? Substance Use and Misuse, 51(8), 1047–1055. https://doi.org/10.3109/10826084.2016.1152495. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (1998–2016). Mplus user’s guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles: Muthén & Muthén.
Myrseth, H., & Notelaers, G. (2017). Is the Gambling Motives Questionnaire really three-dimensional? A proposition of a four-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire-Revised. Addictive Behaviors, 65, 68–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.10.002. CrossRefPubMed
Nicolai, J., Moshagen, M., & Demmel, R. (2017). A test of expectancy-value theory in predicting alcohol consumption. Addiction Research and Theory. https://doi.org/10.1080/16066359.2017.1334201.
Patel, A. B., & Fromme, K. (2010). Explicit outcome expectancies and substance use: Current research and future directions. In L. Scheier (Ed.), Handbook of drug use etiology: Theory, methods, and empirical findings (pp. 147–164). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Saunders, J. B., Aasland, O. G., Babor, T. F., de la Fuente, J. R., & Grant, M. (1993). Development of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT): WHO collaborative project on early detection of persons with harmful alcohol consumption: II. Addiction, 88(6), 791–804. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.1993.tb02093.x. CrossRefPubMed
Schulenberg, J. E., Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., Miech, R. A., & Patrick, M. E. (2017). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2016: Volume II, College students and adults ages 19–55. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan. Available at http://monitoringthefuture.org/pubs.html#monographs.
Scott-Sheldon, L. J., Terry, D. L., Carey, K. B., Garey, L., & Carey, M. P. (2012). Efficacy of expectancy challenge interventions to reduce college student drinking: A meta-analytic review. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(3), 393–405. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027565. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Sheehan, B. E., Lau-Barraco, C., & Linden, A. N. (2013). An examination of risky drinking behaviors and motivations for alcohol use in a college sample. Journal of American College Health, 61(8), 444–452. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2013.831352. CrossRefPubMed
Wood, M. D., Fairlie, A. M., Fernandez, A. C., Borsari, B., Capone, C., Laforge, R., & Carmona-Barros, R. (2010). Brief motivational and parent interventions for college students: A randomized factorial study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(3), 349–361. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019166. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Zamboanga, B. L., Audley, S., Iwamoto, D. K., Martin, J. L., & Tomaso, C. C. (2016). The risks of being “manly”: Masculine norms and drinking game motives, behaviors, and related consequences among men. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 18(4), 280–292. https://doi.org/10.1037/men0000064. CrossRef
Zamboanga, B. L., Audley, S., Olthuis, J. V., Tomaso, C. C., Blumenthal, H., Bui, N., & Borsari, B. (2017). Validation of a seven-factor structure for the motives for playing drinking games measure. Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1177/10731911177011.
Zamboanga, B. L., Bean, J. L., Pietras, A. C., & Pabón, L. C. (2005). Subjective evaluations of alcohol expectancies and their relevance to drinking game involvement in female college students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 37(1), 77–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2004.12.007. CrossRefPubMed
Zamboanga, B. L., Olthuis, J. V., Kenney, S. R., Correia, C. J., Van Tyne, K., Ham, L. S., & Borsari, B. (2014). Not just fun and games: A review of college drinking games research from 2004 to 2013. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28(3), 682–695. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036639. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Zamboanga, B. L., Pearce, M. W., Kenney, S. R., Ham, L. S., Woods, O. E., & Borsari, B. (2013). Are “extreme consumption games” drinking games? Sometimes it’s a matter of perspective. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 39(5), 275–279. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952990.2013.827202. CrossRefPubMed
Zamboanga, B. L., Pesigan, I. A., Tomaso, C. C., Schwartz, S. J., Ham, L. S., Bersamin, M., … Hurley, E. A. (2015). Frequency of drinking games participation and alcohol-related problems in a multiethnic sample of college students: Do gender and ethnicity matter? Addictive Behaviors, 41, 112–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.10.002. CrossRefPubMed
Zamboanga, B. L., Schwartz, S. J., Van Tyne, K., Ham, L. S., Olthuis, J. V., Huang, S., … Weisskirch, R. (2010). Drinking game behaviors among college students: How often and how much? The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36(3), 175–179. https://doi.org/10.3109/00952991003793869. CrossRefPubMed
- Understanding Drinking Game Behaviors: A Consideration of Alcohol Expectancies and Motives to Play and Drink
Byron L. Zamboanga
Janine V. Olthuis
Su Yeong Kim
- Springer US