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Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research 3/2011

01-06-2011 | Original Article

Understanding Anxiety Sensitivity in the Development of Anxious and Depressive Symptoms

Auteurs: Moon-Ho Ringo Ho, Randy P. Auerbach, Ho Li Jun, John R. Z. Abela, Xiongzhao Zhu, Shuqiao Yao

Gepubliceerd in: Cognitive Therapy and Research | Uitgave 3/2011

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Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine the symptom specificity of anxiety sensitivity as well as understand the role that neuroticism played in shaping anxiety sensitivity and subsequent symptomology in a sample of Chinese university students (n = 206). We utilized a 6 months multi-wave, longitudinal design, and results of idiographic, multilevel modeling indicated that higher levels of anxiety sensitivity predicted higher levels of anxious, but not depressive, symptoms. Further, results suggested that higher levels of anxiety sensitivity mediated the relationship between higher levels of neuroticism and anxious, but not depressive, symptoms. In contrast to past research, the present findings suggested that anxiety sensitivity differentially predicted anxious as opposed to depressive symptomology indicating model specificity.
Voetnoten
1
Effect size measure for mediation with both non-hierarchical and hierarchical data is an under-studied topic. One proposed measure to calculate effect size is using the ratio of indirect effect to the total effect (the sum of direct and indirect effect), which indicates the proportion of the total effect contributed by the mediator (see MacKinnon et al. 2007). The effect sizes for each of the mediation analyses are 0.38, 0.01 and 0.15 for anxiety-specific, depression-specific, and general distress symptoms, respectively. The mediation effect for anxiety-specific symptoms and general distress symptoms were found to be significant. At the same time, there is no established norm or consensus in interpreting the strength of effect size for mediation based on the formula mentioned above. However, in using Cohen's standards, the effect sizes of the mediation on anxiety-specific symptoms may be considered medium whereas general distress symptoms appear to be small.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Understanding Anxiety Sensitivity in the Development of Anxious and Depressive Symptoms
Auteurs
Moon-Ho Ringo Ho
Randy P. Auerbach
Ho Li Jun
John R. Z. Abela
Xiongzhao Zhu
Shuqiao Yao
Publicatiedatum
01-06-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Cognitive Therapy and Research / Uitgave 3/2011
Print ISSN: 0147-5916
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2819
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-009-9280-8