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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

01-03-2016 | Original Paper

Uh, Um, and Autism: Filler Disfluencies as Pragmatic Markers in Adolescents with Optimal Outcomes from Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Christina A. Irvine, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Deborah A. Fein

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

Filler disfluencies—uh and um—are thought to serve distinct discourse functions. We examined fillers in spontaneous speech by youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who struggle with pragmatic language, and by youth with ASD who have achieved an ‘optimal outcome’ (OO), as well as in peers with typical development (TD). While uh rates did not differ, participants with ASD produced um less frequently than OO or TD groups. Um rate was associated with autism symptom severity, but not executive function or language abilities, suggesting that um serves a pragmatic, listener-oriented function. Moreover, in contrast to minimal production in ASD, the typical OO um production substantiates the normalization of subtle social communication in this population.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Uh, Um, and Autism: Filler Disfluencies as Pragmatic Markers in Adolescents with Optimal Outcomes from Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Christina A. Irvine
Inge-Marie Eigsti
Deborah A. Fein
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2651-y