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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 1/2008

01-01-2008

Types of Aggression, Responsiveness to Provocation, and Callous-unemotional Traits in Detained Adolescents

Auteurs: Luna C. Muñoz, Paul J. Frick, Eva R. Kimonis, Katherine J. Aucoin

Gepubliceerd in: Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology | Uitgave 1/2008

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Abstract

The present study investigated differences in the behavioral and psychophysiological responses to provocation and in the level of callous-unemotional traits in boys exhibiting different patterns of aggression. Eighty-five boys (ages 13–18) in a juvenile detention center played a competitive computer task against a hypothetical peer who provided low and high levels of provocation. Youth high on both self-reported reactive and proactive aggression showed different behavioral responses to provocation than youth high on only reactive aggression. Specifically, the combined group showed high levels of aggressive responses without any provocation, whereas the group high on reactive aggression showed an increase in aggressive responding to low provocation. Further, results revealed a trend for the combined group to show lower levels of skin conductance reactivity to low provocation if they were also high on callous-unemotional traits.
Voetnoten
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We also examined the interaction between the two types of aggression in predicting the variables of interest by performing a series of hierarchical regressions with the two aggression variables entered on the first step and examining the change in R2 when the interaction was added on the second step. The only interaction to reach significance was in the prediction of callous-unemotional traits (ΔR 2 = 0.05, F (1,81) = 4.85, p < .05). Using the post-hoc probing techniques suggested by Holmbeck (2002), the interaction appeared to be due to the fact that reactive aggression had a positive relation with callous-unemotional traits (β = 0.40, t = 2.51, p < 0.05) at low levels of proactive aggression but not at high levels proactive aggression (β = −0.02, t = −0.11, p = ns). However, as noted in the introduction, this interaction needs to be interpreted cautiously due to the fact that the few youth high on proactive aggression but low on reactive aggression could have influenced the simple slopes.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Types of Aggression, Responsiveness to Provocation, and Callous-unemotional Traits in Detained Adolescents
Auteurs
Luna C. Muñoz
Paul J. Frick
Eva R. Kimonis
Katherine J. Aucoin
Publicatiedatum
01-01-2008
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology / Uitgave 1/2008
Print ISSN: 2730-7166
Elektronisch ISSN: 2730-7174
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-007-9137-0

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