Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 3/2015

01-03-2015 | Original Paper

Turkish Mothers’ Parenting Beliefs in Response to Preschoolers’ Aggressive and Socially Withdrawn Behaviors

Auteurs: Sevgi Bayram Özdemir, Charissa S. L. Cheah

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 3/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study aimed to examine Turkish mothers’ reactive parenting beliefs (reactive emotional appraisals, causal attributions, anticipated strategies, and underlying goals for their anticipated strategies) in response to children’s aggressive and socially withdrawn behaviors. Participants included 84 mothers with preschool-aged children residing in Ankara, Turkey. Supporting our expectations, the results showed that the degree of mothers’ negative emotional responses varied based on the child maladaptive behaviors. Moreover, mothers perceived aggressive behaviors as more temporary and contextually dependent, but intentional than withdrawn behaviors. More directive strategies and parent-centered goals were reported for aggression, whereas more indirect strategies and emphatic goals were reported for social withdrawal. Overall, the present study provided evidence that Turkish mothers’ perceptions and evaluations of maladaptive behaviors may have universal characteristics as well as aspects that are particular to the Turkish socio-cultural context.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Akkök, F. (1996). The relationship between stress and causal attributions of mothers and fathers of children with mental disabilities. Helsinki: Paper presented at the annual work conference of the international association for the scientific study of intellectual disabilities. Akkök, F. (1996). The relationship between stress and causal attributions of mothers and fathers of children with mental disabilities. Helsinki: Paper presented at the annual work conference of the international association for the scientific study of intellectual disabilities.
go back to reference Ataca, B. (2009). Turkish family structure and functioning. In A. Aksu-Koç & S. Bekman (Eds.), Perspectives on human development, family, and culture (pp. 108–125). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Ataca, B. (2009). Turkish family structure and functioning. In A. Aksu-Koç & S. Bekman (Eds.), Perspectives on human development, family, and culture (pp. 108–125). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Bakerman, R., & Gottman, J. M. (1987). Applying observational methods: A systematic view. In J. D. E. Osofsky & J. Doniger (Eds.), Handbook of infant development. Wiley series on personality processes (2nd ed., pp. 818–854). Oxford: Wiley. Bakerman, R., & Gottman, J. M. (1987). Applying observational methods: A systematic view. In J. D. E. Osofsky & J. Doniger (Eds.), Handbook of infant development. Wiley series on personality processes (2nd ed., pp. 818–854). Oxford: Wiley.
go back to reference Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child Development, 55, 83–96. CrossRefPubMed Belsky, J. (1984). The determinants of parenting: A process model. Child Development, 55, 83–96. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Beyazkürk, D., & Kesner, J. E. (2005). Teacher-child relationships in Turkish and United States schools: A cross-cultural study. International Education Journal, 6, 547–554. Beyazkürk, D., & Kesner, J. E. (2005). Teacher-child relationships in Turkish and United States schools: A cross-cultural study. International Education Journal, 6, 547–554.
go back to reference Buldukoğlu, K., & Kukulu, K. (2007). Maternal punishment practices in a rural area of Turkey. Child: Care, Health and Development, 34, 180–184. Buldukoğlu, K., & Kukulu, K. (2007). Maternal punishment practices in a rural area of Turkey. Child: Care, Health and Development, 34, 180–184.
go back to reference Çakın Memik, N., Şişmanlar, S. G., Yıldız, O., Karakaya, I., Işık, C., & Ağaoğlu, B. (2010). Social anxiety level in Turkish adolescents. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 19, 765–772. CrossRefPubMed Çakın Memik, N., Şişmanlar, S. G., Yıldız, O., Karakaya, I., Işık, C., & Ağaoğlu, B. (2010). Social anxiety level in Turkish adolescents. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 19, 765–772. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Çatay, Z., Allen, R., & Samstag, L. W. (2008). Maternal regulation strategies in the United States and Turkey: A brief report. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 644–649. CrossRef Çatay, Z., Allen, R., & Samstag, L. W. (2008). Maternal regulation strategies in the United States and Turkey: A brief report. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 39, 644–649. CrossRef
go back to reference Cheah, C. S. L., & Park, S. (2006). South Korean mothers’ beliefs regarding aggression and social withdrawal in preschoolers. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21, 61–75. CrossRef Cheah, C. S. L., & Park, S. (2006). South Korean mothers’ beliefs regarding aggression and social withdrawal in preschoolers. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21, 61–75. CrossRef
go back to reference Cheah, C. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (2004). Comparison of European American and Mainland Chinese Mothers’ responses to aggression and social withdrawal in preschoolers. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 83–94. CrossRef Cheah, C. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (2004). Comparison of European American and Mainland Chinese Mothers’ responses to aggression and social withdrawal in preschoolers. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 28, 83–94. CrossRef
go back to reference Chen, X., Cen, G., Li, D., & He, Y. (2005). Social functioning and adjustment in Chinese children: The imprint of historical time. Child Development, 76, 182–195. CrossRefPubMed Chen, X., Cen, G., Li, D., & He, Y. (2005). Social functioning and adjustment in Chinese children: The imprint of historical time. Child Development, 76, 182–195. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Chiang, T. M., Barrett, C., & Nunez, N. N. (2000). Maternal attributions of Taiwanese and American toddlers’ misdeeds and accomplishments. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31, 349–368. CrossRef Chiang, T. M., Barrett, C., & Nunez, N. N. (2000). Maternal attributions of Taiwanese and American toddlers’ misdeeds and accomplishments. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31, 349–368. CrossRef
go back to reference Çıtlak, B., Leyendecker, B., Scholmerich, A., Driessen, R., & Harwood, R. L. (2008). Socialization goals among first- and second-generation immigrant Turkish and German mothers. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32, 56–65. CrossRef Çıtlak, B., Leyendecker, B., Scholmerich, A., Driessen, R., & Harwood, R. L. (2008). Socialization goals among first- and second-generation immigrant Turkish and German mothers. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 32, 56–65. CrossRef
go back to reference Coplan, R. J., Hastings, P. D., Lagace-Seguin, D. G., & Moulton, C. E. (2002). Authoritative and authoritarian mothers’ parenting goals, attributions, and emotions across different childrearing contexts. Parenting Science and Practice, 2, 1–26. CrossRef Coplan, R. J., Hastings, P. D., Lagace-Seguin, D. G., & Moulton, C. E. (2002). Authoritative and authoritarian mothers’ parenting goals, attributions, and emotions across different childrearing contexts. Parenting Science and Practice, 2, 1–26. CrossRef
go back to reference Dix, T. H. (1992). Parenting on behalf of the child: Empathic goals in the regulation of responsive parenting. In I. E. Sigel, A. V. McGillicuddy-DeLisi, & T. J. Goodnow (Eds.), Parental belief systems: The psychological consequences for children (2nd ed., pp. 319–346). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Dix, T. H. (1992). Parenting on behalf of the child: Empathic goals in the regulation of responsive parenting. In I. E. Sigel, A. V. McGillicuddy-DeLisi, & T. J. Goodnow (Eds.), Parental belief systems: The psychological consequences for children (2nd ed., pp. 319–346). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Dix, T. H., & Grusec, J. E. (1985). Parent attribution process in the socialization of children. In I. E. Sigel (Ed.), Parent belief systems: The psychological consequences for children (pp. 201–233). Hillsdade, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Dix, T. H., & Grusec, J. E. (1985). Parent attribution process in the socialization of children. In I. E. Sigel (Ed.), Parent belief systems: The psychological consequences for children (pp. 201–233). Hillsdade, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Dix, T., Ruble, D. N., Grusec, J. E., & Nixon, S. (1986). Social cognition in parents: Inferential and affective reactions to children of three age levels. Child Development, 57, 879–894. CrossRefPubMed Dix, T., Ruble, D. N., Grusec, J. E., & Nixon, S. (1986). Social cognition in parents: Inferential and affective reactions to children of three age levels. Child Development, 57, 879–894. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Durgel, E., Leyendecker, B., Yağmurlu, B., & Harwood, R. (2009). Sociocultural influences on German, Turkish immigrant mothers’ long term socialization goals. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 834–852. CrossRef Durgel, E., Leyendecker, B., Yağmurlu, B., & Harwood, R. (2009). Sociocultural influences on German, Turkish immigrant mothers’ long term socialization goals. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 834–852. CrossRef
go back to reference Edwards, C. P., & Liu, W. L. (2002). Parenting toddlers. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 1. Children and parenting (2nd ed., pp. 45–71). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Edwards, C. P., & Liu, W. L. (2002). Parenting toddlers. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Vol. 1. Children and parenting (2nd ed., pp. 45–71). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Ergüder, U., Esmer, Y., & Kalaycıoğlu, E. (1991). Türk Toplumunun Değerleri. Turkey: Istanbul. Ergüder, U., Esmer, Y., & Kalaycıoğlu, E. (1991). Türk Toplumunun Değerleri. Turkey: Istanbul.
go back to reference Erkal, S., Çopur, Z., Doğan, N., & Şafak, S. (2007). Examining the relationship between parents’ gender roles and responsibilities towards their children: A Turkish example. Social Behavior and Personality, 35, 1221–1234. CrossRef Erkal, S., Çopur, Z., Doğan, N., & Şafak, S. (2007). Examining the relationship between parents’ gender roles and responsibilities towards their children: A Turkish example. Social Behavior and Personality, 35, 1221–1234. CrossRef
go back to reference Fişek, G. O. (1991). A cross-cultural examination of proximity and hierarchy as dimensions of family structure. Family Process, 30, 121–133. CrossRefPubMed Fişek, G. O. (1991). A cross-cultural examination of proximity and hierarchy as dimensions of family structure. Family Process, 30, 121–133. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Goodnow, J. J. (1988). Parents’ ideas, actions, and feelings: Models and methods from developmental and social psychology. Child Development, 59, 286–320. CrossRef Goodnow, J. J. (1988). Parents’ ideas, actions, and feelings: Models and methods from developmental and social psychology. Child Development, 59, 286–320. CrossRef
go back to reference Grusec, J. E., Dix, T., & Mills, R. (1982). The effects of type, severity, and victim of children’s transgressions on maternal discipline. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 14, 276–289. CrossRef Grusec, J. E., Dix, T., & Mills, R. (1982). The effects of type, severity, and victim of children’s transgressions on maternal discipline. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 14, 276–289. CrossRef
go back to reference Harkness, J. A., & Schoua-Glusberg, A. (1998). Questionnaires in translation. ZUMANachrichten Spezial, 7, 87–125. Harkness, J. A., & Schoua-Glusberg, A. (1998). Questionnaires in translation. ZUMANachrichten Spezial, 7, 87–125.
go back to reference Hastings, P. D., & Grusec, J. (1998). Parenting goals as organizers of responses to parent-child disagreement. Developmental Psychology, 34, 465–479. CrossRefPubMed Hastings, P. D., & Grusec, J. (1998). Parenting goals as organizers of responses to parent-child disagreement. Developmental Psychology, 34, 465–479. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Hastings, P. D., & Rubin, K. H. (1999). Predicting mothers’ beliefs about preschool-aged children’s social behavior: Evidence for maternal attitudes moderating child effects. Child Development, 70, 722–741. CrossRefPubMed Hastings, P. D., & Rubin, K. H. (1999). Predicting mothers’ beliefs about preschool-aged children’s social behavior: Evidence for maternal attitudes moderating child effects. Child Development, 70, 722–741. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Kağıtbaşı, Ç. (1982). Sex roles, value of children and fertility in Turkey. In Ç. Kağıtbaşı (Ed.), Sex roles, family, and community in Turkey (pp. 151–180). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. Kağıtbaşı, Ç. (1982). Sex roles, value of children and fertility in Turkey. In Ç. Kağıtbaşı (Ed.), Sex roles, family, and community in Turkey (pp. 151–180). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
go back to reference Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (2007). Family, self, and human development across cultures: Theory and applications (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (2007). Family, self, and human development across cultures: Theory and applications (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (2012). Kültür ve Ana-Babalık: Kuram ve Uygulama Çıkarsamaları. In M. Sayıl & B. Yağmurlu (Eds.), Ana babalık: Kuram ve araştırma (pp. 61–79). Istanbul: Koç Üniversitesi Yayınları. Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (2012). Kültür ve Ana-Babalık: Kuram ve Uygulama Çıkarsamaları. In M. Sayıl & B. Yağmurlu (Eds.), Ana babalık: Kuram ve araştırma (pp. 61–79). Istanbul: Koç Üniversitesi Yayınları.
go back to reference Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç., & Ataca, B. (2005). Value of children and family change: A three-decade portrait from Turkey. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54, 317–337. CrossRef Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç., & Ataca, B. (2005). Value of children and family change: A three-decade portrait from Turkey. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 54, 317–337. CrossRef
go back to reference Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç., Ataca, B., & Diri, A. (2010). Intergenerational relationships in the family: Ethnic, socioeconomic, and country variations in Germany, Israel, Palestine, and Turkey. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 41, 652–670. CrossRef Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç., Ataca, B., & Diri, A. (2010). Intergenerational relationships in the family: Ethnic, socioeconomic, and country variations in Germany, Israel, Palestine, and Turkey. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 41, 652–670. CrossRef
go back to reference Kingsbury, M., & Coplan, R. J. (2012). Shy but getting by? An examination of the complex links among shyness, coping, socioemotional functioning in childhood. Social Development, 22, 126–145. CrossRef Kingsbury, M., & Coplan, R. J. (2012). Shy but getting by? An examination of the complex links among shyness, coping, socioemotional functioning in childhood. Social Development, 22, 126–145. CrossRef
go back to reference Leaper, C., (2002). Parenting girls and boys. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: (Vol. 3) Being and becoming a parent (pp. 189–226). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Leaper, C., (2002). Parenting girls and boys. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: (Vol. 3) Being and becoming a parent (pp. 189–226). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference LeVine, R. A. (1974). Parental goals: A cross-cultural view. Teachers College Record, 76, 226–239. LeVine, R. A. (1974). Parental goals: A cross-cultural view. Teachers College Record, 76, 226–239.
go back to reference Luster, T., & Okagaki, L. (2005). Parenting: An ecological perspective (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Luster, T., & Okagaki, L. (2005). Parenting: An ecological perspective (2nd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Markus, H., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224–253. CrossRef Markus, H., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224–253. CrossRef
go back to reference Mills, R. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (1990). Parental beliefs about problematic social behaviors in early childhood. Child Development, 61, 138–151. CrossRef Mills, R. S. L., & Rubin, K. H. (1990). Parental beliefs about problematic social behaviors in early childhood. Child Development, 61, 138–151. CrossRef
go back to reference Mills, R. S., & Rubin, K. H. (1992). A longitudinal study of maternal beliefs about children’s social behaviors. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 38, 494–512. Mills, R. S., & Rubin, K. H. (1992). A longitudinal study of maternal beliefs about children’s social behaviors. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 38, 494–512.
go back to reference Nacak, M., Yağmurlu, B., Durgel, E. S., & van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2011). Metropol ve anadolu’da ebeveynlik: Biliş ve davranışlarda şehrin ve eğitim düzeyinin rolü. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 26, 85–100. Nacak, M., Yağmurlu, B., Durgel, E. S., & van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2011). Metropol ve anadolu’da ebeveynlik: Biliş ve davranışlarda şehrin ve eğitim düzeyinin rolü. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 26, 85–100.
go back to reference Nijsten, C. C. (2006). Coming from the East: Child rearing in Turkish families. In M. Dekovic, T. Pels, & S. Model (Eds.), Child rearing in six ethnic families: The multicultural Dutch experience (pp. 25–55). Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press. Nijsten, C. C. (2006). Coming from the East: Child rearing in Turkish families. In M. Dekovic, T. Pels, & S. Model (Eds.), Child rearing in six ethnic families: The multicultural Dutch experience (pp. 25–55). Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.
go back to reference Nucci, L., & Smetana, J. G. (1996). Mothers’ concepts, of young children’s areas of personal freedom. Child Development, 67, 1870–1886. CrossRefPubMed Nucci, L., & Smetana, J. G. (1996). Mothers’ concepts, of young children’s areas of personal freedom. Child Development, 67, 1870–1886. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Okagaki, L., & Bingham, G. E. (2005). Parents’ social cognitions and their parenting behaviors. In T. Luster & L. Okagaki (Eds.), Parenting: An ecological perspective (2nd ed., pp. 3–34). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Okagaki, L., & Bingham, G. E. (2005). Parents’ social cognitions and their parenting behaviors. In T. Luster & L. Okagaki (Eds.), Parenting: An ecological perspective (2nd ed., pp. 3–34). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
go back to reference Olson, S. L., Kashiwagi, K., & Crystal, D. (2001). Concepts of adaptive and maladaptive child behavior: A comparison of U. S. and Japanese mothers of preschool-age children. Journal of Cross-Cultural, 32, 43–57. CrossRef Olson, S. L., Kashiwagi, K., & Crystal, D. (2001). Concepts of adaptive and maladaptive child behavior: A comparison of U. S. and Japanese mothers of preschool-age children. Journal of Cross-Cultural, 32, 43–57. CrossRef
go back to reference Onur, B. (2012). Çocukluğun ve çocuk yetiştirmenin tarihi. In M. Sayıl & B. Yağmurlu (Eds.), Ana babalık: Kuram ve araştırma (pp. 19–59). Istanbul: Koç Üniversitesi Yayınları. Onur, B. (2012). Çocukluğun ve çocuk yetiştirmenin tarihi. In M. Sayıl & B. Yağmurlu (Eds.), Ana babalık: Kuram ve araştırma (pp. 19–59). Istanbul: Koç Üniversitesi Yayınları.
go back to reference Park, S. Y., & Belsky, J. (1998). South Korean mothers’ Westernization and orientation toward child inhibition. Bern: Paper presented at the Symposium of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development. Park, S. Y., & Belsky, J. (1998). South Korean mothers’ Westernization and orientation toward child inhibition. Bern: Paper presented at the Symposium of the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development.
go back to reference Phalet, K., & Schonpflug, U. (2001). Intergenerational transmission of collectivism and achievement values in two acculturation contexts: The case of Turkish families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 186–201. CrossRef Phalet, K., & Schonpflug, U. (2001). Intergenerational transmission of collectivism and achievement values in two acculturation contexts: The case of Turkish families in Germany and Turkish and Moroccan families in the Netherlands. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 186–201. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, K. H., Mills, R. S. L., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (1989). Maternal beliefs and children’s social competence. In B. Schneider, C. AlLili, J. Nadel-Brulfert, & R. Weissberg (Eds.), Social competence in developmental perspective (pp. 313–331). Holland: Kluwer Academic. CrossRef Rubin, K. H., Mills, R. S. L., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (1989). Maternal beliefs and children’s social competence. In B. Schneider, C. AlLili, J. Nadel-Brulfert, & R. Weissberg (Eds.), Social competence in developmental perspective (pp. 313–331). Holland: Kluwer Academic. CrossRef
go back to reference Schneider, B. H., Attili, G., Vermigli, P., & Younger, A. (1997). A comparison of middle class English-Canadian and Italian mothers’ beliefs about children’s peer directed aggression and social withdrawal. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 21, 133–154. CrossRef Schneider, B. H., Attili, G., Vermigli, P., & Younger, A. (1997). A comparison of middle class English-Canadian and Italian mothers’ beliefs about children’s peer directed aggression and social withdrawal. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 21, 133–154. CrossRef
go back to reference Smetana, J. G. (1994). Parental styles and beliefs about parental authority. New Directions for Child Development, 66, 21–36. CrossRef Smetana, J. G. (1994). Parental styles and beliefs about parental authority. New Directions for Child Development, 66, 21–36. CrossRef
go back to reference Sunar, D. (2002). Change and continuity in the Turkish middle class family. In R. Liljestrom & E. Özdalga (Eds.), Autonomy and dependence in family: Turkey and Sweden in critical perspective (pp. 219–239). Istanbul: Swedish Research Institute. Sunar, D. (2002). Change and continuity in the Turkish middle class family. In R. Liljestrom & E. Özdalga (Eds.), Autonomy and dependence in family: Turkey and Sweden in critical perspective (pp. 219–239). Istanbul: Swedish Research Institute.
go back to reference Sunar, D., & Fişek, G. O. (2005). Contemporary Turkish families. In J. Roopnarine & U. Gielen (Eds.), Families in global perspective (pp. 169–183). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Sunar, D., & Fişek, G. O. (2005). Contemporary Turkish families. In J. Roopnarine & U. Gielen (Eds.), Families in global perspective (pp. 169–183). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
go back to reference Weisz, J. R., Suwanlert, S., Chaiyasit, W., Weiss, B., Walter, B. R., & Anderson, W. W. (1988). Thai and American perspectives on over- and undercontrolled child behavior problems: Exploring the threshold model among parents, teachers, and psychologists. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 601–609. CrossRefPubMed Weisz, J. R., Suwanlert, S., Chaiyasit, W., Weiss, B., Walter, B. R., & Anderson, W. W. (1988). Thai and American perspectives on over- and undercontrolled child behavior problems: Exploring the threshold model among parents, teachers, and psychologists. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 601–609. CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Werner, N. E., Senich, S., & Przepyszny, K. A. (2006). Mothers’ responses to preschoolers’ relational and physical aggression. Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 193–208. CrossRef Werner, N. E., Senich, S., & Przepyszny, K. A. (2006). Mothers’ responses to preschoolers’ relational and physical aggression. Applied Developmental Psychology, 27, 193–208. CrossRef
go back to reference Yağmurlu, B., Çıtlak, B., Dost, A., & Leyendecker, B. (2009). Türk annelerin çocuk sosyallestirme hedefleri: Egitime bağli kültür-içi değişimin incelenmesi. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 24, 1–15. Yağmurlu, B., Çıtlak, B., Dost, A., & Leyendecker, B. (2009). Türk annelerin çocuk sosyallestirme hedefleri: Egitime bağli kültür-içi değişimin incelenmesi. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 24, 1–15.
go back to reference Yağmurlu, D., & Sanson, A. (2009). Acculturation and parenting among Turkish mothers in Australia. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 361–380. CrossRef Yağmurlu, D., & Sanson, A. (2009). Acculturation and parenting among Turkish mothers in Australia. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 40, 361–380. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Turkish Mothers’ Parenting Beliefs in Response to Preschoolers’ Aggressive and Socially Withdrawn Behaviors
Auteurs
Sevgi Bayram Özdemir
Charissa S. L. Cheah
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 3/2015
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-013-9879-y