Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Recognizing the significance of interacting family subsystems, the present study addresses how interparental conflict is linked to adolescent emotional security as a function of parental gender. A total of 272 families with a child at 12.60 years of age (133 boys, 139 girls) were invited to participate each year for three consecutive years. A multi-informant method was used, along with trivariate models to test the associations among mothers, fathers, and their adolescent children’s behaviors. The findings from separate models of destructive and constructive interparental conflict revealed intricate linkages among family members. In the model of destructive interparental conflict, mothers and fathers predicted each other’s conflict behaviors over time. Moreover, adolescents’ exposure to negativity expressed by either parent dampened their emotional security. Consistent with child effects models, adolescent emotional insecurity predicted fathers’ destructive conflict behaviors. As for the model of constructive interparental conflict, fathers predicted mothers’ conflict behaviors over time. Adolescents’ exposure to fathers’ constructive conflict behaviors also enhanced their sense of emotional security. Consistent with child effects models, adolescent emotional security predicted mothers’ and fathers’ constructive conflict behaviors. These findings extended the family and the adolescent literature by indicating that family processes are multiidirectional, involving multiple dyads in the study of parents’ and adolescents’ functioning. Contributions of these findings to the understanding of interparental conflict and emotional security in adolescence are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Bank, L., Dishion, T., Skinner, M., & Patterson, G. R. (1990). Method variance in structural equation modeling: Living with “glop”. In G. R. Patterson (Ed.), Depression and aggression in family interaction (pp. 247–279). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc, Publishers.
Belsky, J., Youngblade, L., Rovine, M., & Volling, B. (1991). Patterns of marital change and parent–child interaction. Journal of Marriage and the Family,. doi: 10.2307/352914.
Boker, S. M., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2006). Dynamical systems modeling: An application to the regulation of intimacy and disclosure in marriage. In T. A. Walls & J. L. Schafer (Eds.), Models for intensive longitudinal data (pp. 195–218). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. CrossRef
Cummings, E. M., Cheung, R. Y. M., Koss, K., & Davies, P. T. (2014). Parental depressive symptoms and adolescent adjustment: a prospective test of an explanatory model for the role of marital conflict. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42(7), 1153–1166. doi: 10.1007/s10802-014-9860-2. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Cummings, E. M., & Davies, P. T. (2011). Marital conflict and children: An emotional security perspective. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Cummings, E. M., George, M. R., McCoy, K. P., & Davies, P. T. (2012). Interparental conflict in kindergarten and adolescent adjustment: Prospective investigation of emotional security as an explanatory mechanism. Child Development, 83(5), 1703–1715. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01807.x. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Cummings, E. M., Goeke-Morey, M. C., & Raymond, J. (2004). Fathers in family context: Effects of marital quality and marital conflict. In M. Lamb (Ed.), The role of the father in child development (pp. 196–221). New York: Wiley.
Goeke-Morey, M. C., Cummings, E. M., Harold, G. T., & Shelton, K. H. (2003). Categories and continua of destructive and constructive marital conflict tactics from the perspective of US and Welsh children. Journal of Family Psychology, 17(3), 327–338. doi: 10.1037/0893-318.104.22.1687. CrossRefPubMed
Gottman, J. M. (1994). What predicts divorce? The relationship between marital processes and marital outcomes. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Koss, K. J., George, M. R., Davies, P. T., Cicchetti, D., Cummings, E. M., & Sturge-Apple, M. L. (2013). Patterns of children’s adrenocortical reactivity to interparental conflict and associations with child adjustment: A growth mixture modeling approach. Developmental Psychology, 49(2), 317. doi: 10.1037/a0028246. CrossRefPubMed
Li, Y., Cheung, R. Y. M., & Cummings, E. M. (in press). Marital conflict and emotional insecurity among Chinese adolescents: Cultural value moderation. Journal of Research on Adolescence. doi: 10.1111/jora.12193
Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and family therapy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Osborne, L. N., & Fincham, D. F. (1996). Marital conflict, parent-child relationships, and child adjustment: Does gender matter? Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 42(1), 48–75.
R Core Team. (2014). R: A language and environment for statistical computing [Internet].
Whiteman, S. D., McHale, S. M., & Crouter, A. C. (2007). Longitudinal changes in marital relationships: The role of offspring’s pubertal development. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69(4), 1005–1020. CrossRef
- Trivariate Modeling of Interparental Conflict and Adolescent Emotional Security: An Examination of Mother–Father–Child Dynamics
Rebecca Y. M. Cheung
E. Mark Cummings
Patrick T. Davies
- Springer US