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29-05-2021 | Uitgave 12/2021

Quality of Life Research 12/2021

Trends in health-related quality of life of female breast cancer survivors using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), 2008–2016

Tijdschrift:
Quality of Life Research > Uitgave 12/2021
Auteurs:
Inimfon Jackson, Paul Rowan, Nikhil Padhye, Lu-Yu Hwang, Sally W. Vernon
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Supplementary Information

The online version contains supplementary material available at https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11136-021-02895-1.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

In recent years, breast cancer detection and treatment have advanced. As a result, increased attention to breast cancer survivorship should have improved their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Our aim was to examine the trends in the HRQoL of female breast cancer survivors between 2008 and 2016, to determine whether or not the increased focus on survivorship has translated into improved HRQoL. Furthermore, stratified analyses were conducted by race/ethnicity and age group and these were compared to a similar group of women without a breast cancer history.

Methods

Repeated cross-sectional analyses using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey between 2008 and 2016 were conducted. Pooled ordinary least squares (OLS) regression was used to examine the trends in physical component scores (PCS-12) and mental component scores (MCS-12) among breast cancer survivors and a similar population of women without a breast cancer history. Analyses stratified by race/ethnicity and age group were also conducted.

Results

Among breast cancer survivors, after adjusting for confounders, there was no change in PCS-12 scores over time, but the MCS-12 scores increased by 0.27 points (95% CI 0.09–0.45). Those without a history of breast cancer had mean PCS-12 scores that were 0.13 points greater each year (95% CI 0.02–0.24) while their mean MCS-12 scores were 0.10 (95% CI 0.00–0.21) points greater each year. After stratifying by race/ethnicity, Hispanic breast cancer survivors had a small increase in PCS-12 (β: 0.65; 95% CI 0.01–1.29), and MCS-12 scores (β: 0.70; 95% CI 0.06–1.33) over time. Similar small effects were found when stratified by age group, both among breast cancer survivors and those without a history of breast cancer. The younger age group (< 50 years) reported poorer MCS-12 than the older population (age 50 years and above).

Conclusion

Our study generated findings showing the trends in the HRQoL of breast cancer survivors and compared these to a similar population of women without a history of breast cancer. This paper highlights the importance of focusing on the mental health of young breast cancer survivors to improve their prospects at a good quality of life post-breast cancer diagnosis and treatment.

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