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28-09-2019 | ORIGINAL PAPER | Uitgave 2/2020 Open Access

Mindfulness 2/2020

Treating Depression Mindfully in a Day Hospital: a Randomised Controlled Pilot Study

Tijdschrift:
Mindfulness > Uitgave 2/2020
Auteurs:
Alice E. Buxton, Carina Remmers, Hans-Peter Unger, Nicole Plinz, Johannes Michalak
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s12671-019-01233-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Publication of related reports
Please note that a sub-study investigating intuitive decision-making and mood regulation in depressive patients of a sub-set of patients was part of this trial. For a detailed description, please refer to Remmers et al. (2017) and Remmers et al. (2018).

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Abstract

Objectives

Recent preliminary evidence suggests that mindfulness-based programmes may be beneficial in the treatment of patients suffering from current depression. Due to the heterogeneity of patients with this diagnosis, a specialisation in treatment concepts for subgroups of patients may be beneficial.

Methods

This randomised controlled pilot study investigated the effectiveness of an eight-week mindfulness-based day hospital treatment for patients with current depression and work-related conflicts (MDT-DH) under naturalistic conditions. Eighty-one currently depressed patients with work-related conflicts were randomly assigned to either MDT-DH (including personalised psychopharmacological treatment if necessary) or a waitlist condition including a psychopharmacological consultation (PCC). Outcomes were assessed at post-treatment and at 8-month follow-up. The primary outcome was depression severity (Beck Depression Inventory) at post-treatment. Secondary outcomes were work ability (Work Ability Index) and mindfulness (Kentucky Inventory of Mindfulness Skills).

Results

A multilevel analysis revealed that compared with patients in PCC, patients in the MDT-DH group showed a greater reduction in depression severity, higher work ability and heightened levels of mindfulness after 8 weeks than patients in the PCC group. These improvements were stable during the 8-month follow-up period.

Conclusions

Findings of the present pilot study suggest that a treatment concept involving intensive training in mindfulness can be successfully established in a day hospital and leads to clinically meaningful reductions in depression severity and increases in work ability in patients suffering from current depression. The generalisability of the findings may be limited due to small sample size, selective patient group and study design.

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