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Gepubliceerd in: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review 3/2018

07-04-2018

Transformation of Adolescent Peer Relations in the Social Media Context: Part 1—A Theoretical Framework and Application to Dyadic Peer Relationships

Auteurs: Jacqueline Nesi, Sophia Choukas-Bradley, Mitchell J. Prinstein

Gepubliceerd in: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review | Uitgave 3/2018

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Abstract

Investigators have long recognized that adolescents’ peer experiences provide a crucial context for the acquisition of developmental competencies, as well as potential risks for a range of adjustment difficulties. However, recent years have seen an exponential increase in adolescents’ adoption of social media tools, fundamentally reshaping the landscape of adolescent peer interactions. Although research has begun to examine social media use among adolescents, researchers have lacked a unifying framework for understanding the impact of social media on adolescents’ peer experiences. This paper represents Part 1 of a two-part theoretical review, in which we offer a transformation framework to integrate interdisciplinary social media scholarship and guide future work on social media use and peer relations from a theory-driven perspective. We draw on prior conceptualizations of social media as a distinct interpersonal context and apply this understanding to adolescents’ peer experiences, outlining features of social media with particular relevance to adolescent peer relations. We argue that social media transforms adolescent peer relationships in five key ways: by changing the frequency or immediacy of experiences, amplifying experiences and demands, altering the qualitative nature of interactions, facilitating new opportunities for compensatory behaviors, and creating entirely novel behaviors. We offer an illustration of the transformation framework applied to adolescents’ dyadic friendship processes (i.e., experiences typically occurring between two individuals), reviewing existing evidence and offering theoretical implications. Overall, the transformation framework represents a departure from the prevailing approaches of prior peer relations work and a new model for understanding peer relations in the social media context.
Voetnoten
1
Boyd has chosen not to capitalize her name; more information can be found at www.​danah.​org
 
2
Ellison and Boyd (2013) argue that the use of “social network sites” rather than “social networking sites” is more accurate to modern SNS, as the term “networking” suggests an active search for new people and connections, rather than those that already exist offline.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Transformation of Adolescent Peer Relations in the Social Media Context: Part 1—A Theoretical Framework and Application to Dyadic Peer Relationships
Auteurs
Jacqueline Nesi
Sophia Choukas-Bradley
Mitchell J. Prinstein
Publicatiedatum
07-04-2018
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review / Uitgave 3/2018
Print ISSN: 1096-4037
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2827
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10567-018-0261-x

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